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Professional Education in the Modern World

2013 year, number 1

1.
EDUCATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF INNOVATIVE SOCIETY

V. I. Panarin
Keywords: modern education, innovative society, transformation, the state, the person, the leader, civil society

Abstract >>
Innovations and modernization are among the most discussed themes in the modern social and economic and political discourse. Thus, the reactions of this or that type of the society to the calls of the present in the form of financial and economic crises or transformations of the habitual way of life and the cultural environment testify to propensity of the society to destructive or creative changes. The answer to the question about the subject of this cardinal action – whether it is the civil society, state, business, culture or the person as individual is non-evident. Certainly, it is possible to say that all of them together is the subject, in a certain consortium; however, both in the most objective reality in a broad sense and in the reality concerning the transformational sequence of events a certain hierarchy is built, and there is distinguished this or that dominating factor, for example, the state or the person.



2.
THE PROBLEM FIELD OF THE DOMESTIC PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

N. V. Nalivayko, E. V. Pokasova
Keywords: philosophy of education, transformation, reflection, globalization, economic development, human capital, scientific-innovative development

Abstract >>
The philosophy of education should overcome randomness and uncertainty of the trajectories of modern education reforms, to substantiate certain basic priorities, ways and means of achievement of universal availability of education, improvement of its quality and competitiveness in the world market of educational services. It is especially important because of the fact that we exist in the global world which today is tough, competitive, and dangerous; therefore, it is vital to have a forward-directed strategy of development of education. In the article it is shown that the subject and object of research of the philosophy of education (as a section of social philosophy) is interaction of the society and education. The problem field of the philosophy of education is connected with the reflection upon the transformations which occur very fast in the society and education, in their interaction and interrelation. Russia has completed the post- Soviet period of development, but the modern strategy of development of the society and education system is still not clear; there is still no precise concept about where and how to develop further. Someone would say, how can we talk about a forecast, about the domestic education system in the conditions of very acute problems of economy, social sphere, all-pervading corruption? However, transformation of the education system as a subsystem of this society is objective; and the philosophy of education is called to reflect upon the tendencies of its development, fulfilling the prognostic function to use the accumulated knowledge about education for the selection of priority directions of its scientific-innovative development.



3.
FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE METHODS FOR DEVELOPING THE REFLECTIVE-PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE SUBJECTS OF CONTINUOUS EDUCATION

O. I. Lapteva
Keywords: functional analysis, modern educational technologies, methods of development, reflective-professional competence

Abstract >>
In the article the attention is drawn to the problem of development of the reflective-professional competence of the subjects of continuous education with the expedient usage of innovative educational technologies. There is demonstrated the importance of positive influence of modern educational technologies on the development of reflective-professional competence of the students. The topicality is proved of such methods as the method of projects, moderating, case-study, and also innovative games and trainings. The game-reflective method is characterized in more detail as an innovative method, allowing effectively solving the task of formation of a new reflective-humanistic mentality of the subjects of continuous formation.



4.
THE USAGE OF CROSS-CURRICULUM COMMUNICATIONS FOR REVEALING THE CONCEPT OF «INFORMATION IN LIGHT OF A NEW PARADIGM OF TEACHING INFORMATICS

R. R. Nuriakhmetov
Keywords: paradigm, informatics, information, informatics teaching, etymology, form and substance, reflection, interdisciplinary communications, processuality, expediency

Abstract >>
While studying at the university, the natural-science students are introduced to the semantic relations between the notion of information and the concepts of other fields of knowledge, which helps them to enter into human society with the help of information technology. This problem is solved by the interdisciplinary connections between the social, natural and technical sciences and informatics. The essential point is the semantic analysis of the concept of information. It suggests three components of this concept: the form, the content, and the subject that puts the content into the form. First of all, these three components are connected with the philosophical view of the paradigm. The examples of the information lexeme usage in social communication and biology, provided with the relevant subjects, can reveal the properties of information that are not evident but that are crucial for the further studying of informatics, namely processuality, expediency and reductionality.



5.
METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS IN TEACHING THE «SELF-PRESERVING TECHNOLOGIES DISCIPLINE

N. V. Gulyaevskaya, L. S. Treivish
Keywords: self-preserving behavior, potential of self-actualization, psycho-social maturity, socio-cultural maturity, outer locus of control, synergy, communicative tolerance, planning of personal change

Abstract >>
In the article the methodological problems connected with the pressing questions of teaching the «Self-preserving technologies course are considered. The authors engage large theoretical and sociological material connected with the modern state of the discussed problem in the Russian society.



6.
CRITERIA AND INDICATORS FOR ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPLEX USAGE OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL MEANS OF TRAINING THE CADETS

B. T. Tukhvatullin
Keywords: criteria, indicators, competence, reflective position

Abstract >>
On the basis of analysis of modern research on the complex usage of technical training in the military training of the cadets of military schools, there are identified the criteria and indicators for assessing the effectiveness of the complex usage of the training facilities.



7.
INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION AS A FACTOR OF IMPROVEMENT OF THE EDUCATION QUALITY

O. A. Nakonechnaya, V.V. Tsyngueva
Keywords: higher education, quality, interactive technology, lecture, visualization, project, business game, efficiency

Abstract >>
The article considers the variants of application of interactive technologies while carrying out a lecture or a seminar, such as the problem lecture, lecture-together, lecture-visualization, lecture press conference. These versions are aimed at the improvement of the quality of the knowledge mastering and the ability to apply it in practice. A special attention is given to the method of «business game, which allows one to simulate professional activities and role-based cooperation according to the rules of the game which are followed by the participating specialists in a certain conditional time, in an atmosphere of uncertainty and the clash of positions, with the game of roles and evaluation. In addition, the «method of projects deserves attention, in which students acquire knowledge and skills in the process of self-development and fulfillment of the gradually evolving practical tasks-projects. Thus, the discussed in this article interactive technologies of training are directed not only on improvement of activity of the students and their motivation to educational and vocational activities, but also on the opportunities for their active use in the model or real situations of professional activities, which certainly improves the quality of training of the future specialists of the real sector of economy.



8.
COGNITIVE DESTRUCTIONS OF STUDENTS IN THE MODERN EDUCATIONAL SPACE

V. V. Sobolnikov
Keywords: cognitive destructions, anxious states, depression, alarm, the Klein affect, cognitive structure

Abstract >>
The questions related to the phenomenon of cognitive destructions of students in modern educational space are examined in the article. In the center of attention there are such problems as formation of cognitive destructions at the anxious states and the mechanism stipulating destructive behavior of the person in the young age. Some attention is dedicated to the classification of the categories of students with cognitive destructions and determination of the strategies of prophylaxis.



9.
THE CREATIVE POTENTIAL OF PERSONALITY IN THE CONTEXT OF FORMATION OF THE PROFESSIONALISM OF THE FUTURE JOURNALIST

M. D. Dyachenko
Keywords: journalist, personality, professionalism, professional education, development, self- realization, creativity potential, creative educational environment

Abstract >>
The social order for the creative journalists and the increasing demand of the individual in the use of the internal potential resources for professional growth and self-realization actualize the problem of development of the creative potential of personality The article is devoted to the philosophical, pedagogical, psychological and journalistic approaches to the understanding of the phenomenon of creative potential of personality and journalistic professionalism; the questions of creative activity of students; define the conditions of development of creative potential of the future of the journalist in the process of professional training. The author emphasizes that one of the signs of professionalism of the journalists is his creative approach to fulfilling professional functions and social roles, which eventually leads to success and competitiveness in the sphere of journalism.



10.
THE PROBLEM OF INDIVIDUALITY IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL-PHILOSOPHICAL CONTEXT

T. V. Gudkova
Keywords: individuality, individual, personality

Abstract >>
The problem of individuality and the ideas of the researchers about it in the psychological- philosophical context are considered. There are analyzed different concepts of the nature of individuality due to foreign and domestic researchers. There are presented the approaches of various scholars in comparing such constructs as personality and individuality.



11.
THE ROLE OF LINGUISTIC CULTURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL EDUCATION: A SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS

O. A. Gerber
Keywords: language, culture, linguistic culture, self-identity, national identity, educational right, national education, right to be educated in native language

Abstract >>
The functional significance of linguistic culture as a decisive factor of the national education development is analyzed in the article. The linguistic culture phenomenon is considered in the context of historical development of the educational process in the Siberian Germans enclave in the 20-30s of the XX-th century. The author emphasizes the idea that the destruction of the linguistic culture as one of substantive bases of national identity is a violation of the officially proclaimed right to be educated in native language, and its reconstruction is one of the conditions for modern Russia to enter the global world.



12.
SCHOOL UNIVERSITY BUSINESS THE PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL MANAGEMENT

O. A. Donskikh
Keywords: educational reform, middle class, business, group interests

Abstract >>
In the article the author discuss the nature of the educational reform management in Russia, in particular, about its orientation towards business. It is shown that the contradictory nature of the process of reforming is connected with the uncertainty of the social structure of the society and with the fact that business is not really interested in the development of the domestic system of education.



13.
A METHODOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OF REPEATED COMMISSION OF OFFENCE AS A STUDY PROBLEM

I. M. Parshina
Keywords: repeated commission, offence, public danger, aggravating circumstances, the problem of repeated commission of offence as a study problem

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to the methodological and methodical analysis of repeated commission of crimes. The author argues for the necessity to focus students of the specialty 030501 jurisprudence already during training, in view of their further practical activities, on the resolving the pressing questions of law application, connected with this problem. In any crime, including in its repeated commission, there is manifested the unity of internal and external human activity, unity of the internal promptings based on the needs of the person, motivation, purposefulness the presence of a certain purpose, the unity of consciousness and will in the behavioral acts directed on achievement of the desirable socially-harmful result. The objective basis and source of various forms of activity of the person and his/her behavior are the needs of the person. The person, committing repeated crimes, aspires to satisfy his/her needs by a criminal way.



14.
HUMANITARIAN PRACTICE OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE NOTIONAL APPARATUS OF PEDAGOGICS

M. N. Frolovskaya
Keywords: higher education, humanitarian practice, notional apparatus, hermeneutic circle, pedagogic culture

Abstract >>
The author considers the humanitarian practice of understanding the scientific concepts of pedagogics in higher education as a movement along the hermeneutic circle, a method of introducing the student into the pedagogic culture.



15.
VOCATIONAL ECONOMIC TRAINING OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT OF MORAL EDUCATION

E. V. Distenfeld
Keywords: business, economics, education, economic activity, junior schoolchildren, moral education

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to the study of the special features of construction of an optional course of economic education of junior schoolchildren. The structure of the optional course is considered in detail: the aims, tasks, criteria; the examples are given of the tasks that contribute to the economic education of junior schoolchildren in the context of moral education.



16.
THE WORLD OUTLOOK IMAGE AS A COMPONENT OF THE SCIENTIFIC PICTURE OF THE WORLD

D. Z. Khamzina
Keywords: outlook, scientific picture of the world, world outlook image, theoretical model, ontologization, ontologized image

Abstract >>
There is analyzed the nature of the world outlook images localized in the scientific picture of the world. Their special feature is that they are realized in the sensual form by the carriers of scientific idea. The scientific picture of the world is considered as the subject side of scientific outlook which figurative components are structured into integrity by philosophical and scientific ideas and principles.



17.
ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL, ECOSYSTEMIC AND CULTURE-CREATIVE ASPECTS

R. V. Oparin, E. V. Ushakova
Keywords: ecological culture, ecosystem regularities of the scientific picture of the world, ecological education, aspect of the human culture

Abstract >>
The problem of ecological education in the context of complete understanding of socio- ecological and natural regularities is considered. The aspect of the human culture, representing experience of creative activity on transformation and preservation of the environment, is considered. In the conceptual aspect, the regularities of the relations between the person and the world are revealed; in the applied one, a way is charted to reconstruction of optimal dynamic of the natural-cultural-social existence (the aspect of the human culture) of the person in the world.



18.
FORMATION OF THE SCIENTIFIC HUMANISTIC OUTLOOK (ON THE EXAMPLES OF THE CHILDRENS LITERATURE IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS)

N. N. Kozhevnikov
Keywords: outlook, vocational training, moral education, education, culture

Abstract >>
During the last two centuries the childrens literature have had a huge significance for mankind, carrying out some fundamental functions of transferring the cultural codes, formation of the outlook, inculcation of interest to various sciences. The books of childhood opened the world into all directions, stunning with the shine of its sides, generated amazement and delight. Truly, it is possible to name no more than three hundred worthy books which can be refer to as belonging to «the childrens literature And this concept covers not only the adventure literature though, certainly, there exists much of it, but also a slow autobiographical narration of the «Childhood years of Bagrov grandson by S. Aksakov, science fiction, geographical descriptions, historical chronicles. Such a powerful attractive force is contained in these books, such an inexhaustible interest they can excite toward serious sciences, systematic knowledge, creativity, discoveries, and systematic education!



19.
THE ROLE OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION IN THE SYSTEM OF MODERN EDUCATION IN THE HUMANITIES

N. V. Nalivajko, V. I. Parshikov, T. S. Kosenko, L. P. Zagoruliko, S. V. Kamashev, A. V. Nalivaiko, V. I. Panarin, A. V. Pugachev, S. I. Chernyh
Keywords: pedagogical education, reform, educational policy, market economy, education in the humanities

Abstract >>
The acuteness of the problem of pedagogical education (PE) in the system of modern education in the humanities (MEIH) (right constructing of pedagogical education, taking into account the adequate development of MEIH) is connected with the necessity of searching for an alternative to the consumer society which is beginning to exhaust its possibilities. The consumer society forms consciousness of the people, who are easily exposed to manipulations, absorb the instrumental values and are directed toward material prosperity as the criterion of social success. And in PE the term «market of educational services is used, PE is declared as a commodity, and offering educational services in PE and MEIH is declared as a profitable business. As a result of the process of transformation of the entire education, including the pedagogical one, into an element of the system of consumer society (consumerization), PE becomes a part of the status hierarchy, as a means of entering the significant for the consumer social group. Decreasing of the real quality of PE grows out of the expansion of the consumer ideology in this social sphere, which, in principle, cannot have the market nature. The goals and mission of PE is not only and is not so much the training of professionals for the educational practice, but formation new moral and intellectual values, new human qualities of the professionals.