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2012 year, number 1

1.
PRESSING QUESTIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC VOCATIONAL TRAINING

V. I. PARSHIKOV
Novosibirsk
Keywords: vocational training, intercultural interaction, market, the state policy, the quality education, modernization

Abstract >>
Among the basic modern tendencies of the world development that condition the essential changes in the education system, there are: acceleration of the society development and, as a consequence, the necessity of preparing people for the life in quickly changing conditions; transition to postindustrial, information society, significant expansion of the scales of intercultural interactions, in connection with which a special importance is acquired by the factors of communicative skills and tolerance. The attention of the author is to the issues of emergence and aggravation of global problems which can be solved only as a result of cooperation within the international community, and also to the questions of widening the opportunities of political and social choice; to the problems of dynamical development of economy, the deep structural changes in the industrial sphere, which result in the constant need of increasing the professional qualification and retraining of workers, their professional mobility growth.



2.
EDUCATION AND THE MODERNIZATION PROCESS IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA

V. I. PANARIN
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, personality, modernization, innovative society

Abstract >>
To bring up the citizens, thinking in a new fashion, it is necessary for the state to set the correct strategic goals and find the optimal means of their achievement. Formation of innovative society and formation of education system mutually condition each other, and they are two sides of a single social process. In the article, there are considered two strategies of development of higher professional education.



3.
TO THE QUESTION OF SOCIAL CONDITIONALITY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN DOMESTIC EDUCATION

A. V. NALIVAYKO, N. V. NALIVAYKO
Novosibirsk
Keywords: philosophy of education, modern world tendencies, social conditionality, the Russian conditions, factors of development

Abstract >>
It is expedient to distinguish among the social bases the world tendencies of development caused by globalization and transition to a postindustrial, information society, and the internal Russian conditions and factors of education functioning, which are the result of transition to a new social order, profound changes of the entire sociocultural space (social-economic, political, national relations, the situation in science, the entire spiritual sphere of public life). These modern social tendencies and factors of the society development cardinally change the purposes, contents and technologies of education.



4.
THE PERSON OF NEW REALITY AS AN ANSWER TO THE CHALLENGES OF TIME (A PART THE SECOND)

YU. N. MOSKVICH
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: globalization, post-person, economy, new reality, innovation, intelligence

Abstract >>
In the article there is revealed the economic image of the future world. The assumption is made that the economic development is on its own a self-regulating system. The global financial activity has turned out to be outside of any state both public control, and the world acquires new features and new forms. In the opinion of the author, globalization will come to an end, and there be other post-global time, in which the main actor of history will be the post-person with his/her values, traditions, habits and the world picture.



5.
PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION AND POLYTECHNICAL HIGHER EDUCATION

L. G. POLESCHUK
Yurga
Keywords: philosophy of education, pragmatic orientation of scientific knowledge, cognitive search, scientific education

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to discussing the following issue: what kind of educational space should be there in the institution of higher polytechnical education? In this connection, there is studied the role of the philosophy of education in overcoming the systemic crisis of modern civilization; there are considered the practical measures, which the philosophy of education can offer. There is underlined the necessity of optimization of the adaptation capabilities of the engineer in the process of practical problems solving and realization of his/her creative potential.



6.
PHENOMENOLOGY OF EDUCATION: THE MODERN DIALOGUE BETWEEN PHILOSOPHY AND PEDAGOGY

R. A. KURENKOVA
Vladimir
Keywords: experience, intentionality, horizons of mentality, emotion, phenomenological reduction, intersubjectivity, methodology of education, unity of all living, individual genesis of life, self-individualization, cognitive creativity

Abstract >>
In the article, there are considered the phenomenological ideas of the dialogue between philosophy and pedagogy of today. There are shown the statuses, modes and types of linking between phenomenology and the practice of education and upbringing, sociocultural and axiological problems of moderneducation. Its philosophical and anthropological essence, cognition and gnoseological aspects of the process of education and up-bringing are shown. The fundamental concepts of phenomenology such as
experience, intentionality, horizons of mentality, emotion, phenomenological reduction, intersubjectivity, the world of vitality and others are interpreted from the pedagogical point of view. There is formulated a categories-and-conceptions system including methodology of education, paideutics, aesthesis, ideatics, locus of reflection as well as the principles of the phenomenology of education: unity of all living, individual genesis of life, self-individualization and cognition creativity.
There are presented innovative methods of teaching the socio-humanitarian and artaesthetical disciplines.



7.
POLYCULTURAL EDUCATIONAL SPACE: EXPERIENCE OF MODELING

F. N. ZIATDINOVA, I. R. BATYRSHIN, E. R. KHAKIMOV
Ufa, Izhevsk
Keywords: polycultural character of educational space; identification; interiorization and exteriorization; ethnic, national and universal values; internal norms-defining, norm-creating and norm-constructing activity

Abstract >>
There are studied in the article various approaches to the educational space modeling. On the basis of qualitative and quantitative analysis, there is presented an original approach to modeling the polycultural educational space for the children of preschool and school age. It has become a reference point in working out and realization of the essence of education integrated with polycultural and universal human values.



8.
ABOUT THE PROBLEMS OF FUNDAMENTALITY OF MODERN EDUCATION

E. A. PUSHKARYOV
Novosibirsk
Keywords: domestic education, fundamentalization of education, philosophical questions of modern education

Abstract >>
In the article, there are analyzed the questions of fundamentalization of modern domestic education. It is noted that the reality of modern education is manifoldness of programs which set different prospects to both the education and pedagogical thought. There is emphasized the necessity of significant reorganization of the entire philosophical methodological foundation of modern education. In authors opinion, to solve these problems, there is needed active interaction between the academic science and the science of the higher education system.



9.
WESTERNISATION OF EDUCATION AND THE RUSSIAN CULTURE

YU. S. SALIN, L. M. KURBANOVA
Khabarovsk
Keywords: basic instincts, social-cultural stereotypes, conscience, competition, dehumanization, education, Enlightenment, information culture

Abstract >>
In the article there is raised a question about the compatibility of the present reforms to our basic cultural stereotypes and pedagogical foundations. The European education system is aimed at preparation of the competitive participant of the manufacturing process. The educational tradition of the Russia and East has for its purpose the formation of the socialized human person, capable of establishing harmony with his/her own conscience and surrounding Nature. A comparison of two educational systems reveals their fundamental divergences; therefore, the Westernization will not make the Russian education more efficient.



10.
THE TENDENCY OF DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIA: FROM COLLECTIVISM TO INDIVIDUALISM

P. A. SOLKINA
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: the Western society, individualism, equality, freedom, Russia

Abstract >>
This article presents a social-philosophical analysis of the tendency of development of Russia. The division of the society into types has a centuries-old history. Any concept of management of the society assumes a certain specificity of the corresponding societys sociality, in view of which the managerial process is presented as appropriate to the life of the society. Historically, Russia has found its realization in the collectivist forms of life of the Russian people, which provides the systems integrity and stability of the Russian society. On the contrary, the Western societies live according to the individual sociality, and its basic standards are equality and freedom. The transition from one type of a society to another type is a fatal step in the development of this society; it is a reassessment of values, change of the lifestyle and mentality.



11.
SOME PROBLEMS OF THE SPECIALIST TRAINING IN THE FIELD OF POLITICAL SCIENCE IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (A PHILOSOPHICAL-METHODOLOGICAL ANALYSIS)

S. V. KUSHCHENKO
Novosibirsk
Keywords: political science, the subject of political science, politics, political relations, political behavior, political institutions, democracy, functional and senserelated vagueness

Abstract >>
In the present article two methodological problems are analyzed: 1) variability of definition of the subject of political science in Russia; 2) variability of hypothetical model of the specialist in the field of political science in Russia.



12.
THE EDUCATIONAL POLICY OF RUSSIA: THE MILESTONES OF DEVELOPMENT

A. V. NALIVAYKO
Novosibirsk
Keywords: modern educational policy, domestic history of education, the Russian educational experience, national educational traditions

Abstract >>
In the article, there is conducted an analysis of the domestic history of development of educational policy. The state has always acted as the basic subject of management in the political system of the Russian society. The state has provided social and cultural, organizational and mental foundations of the educational process. There are especially emphasized the fallaciousness of the modern educational policy directed on entering the world educational space through blind copying of the Western models and standards without taking into account the national particularities, the lack of deep studying of the Russian experience and achievements in education, the destruction of the national specificity and educational traditions.



13.
DEVELOPMENT OF HUMANITIES IN THE RENAISSANCE PERIOD

T. S. KILINA
Novosibirsk
Keywords: humanitarian education, European university, Renaissance, humanism

Abstract >>
The article deals with the development of Humanities in European education in the period of Renaissance, where the key role belonged to humanism and anthropocentrism, which gave a boost to the progress of humanitarian knowledge. The article’s purpose is to consider the social-cultural aspects and some changes in intellectual life that influenced the formation of Humanities (history, ancient languages, rhetoric, poetics, moral philosophy and so on). The author analyzes this process both from the standpointof university tradition (the department of free arts) and from the standpoint of humanistsactivity, influenced the character of European education.



14.
LIFE JOURNEY, LIFE STRATEGY, PURPOSE OF LIFE, LIFE PERSPECTIVE

D. M. NOVIKOV
Tyumen
Keywords: subject of life, purpose of life, choice of profession

Abstract >>
The article discusses the philosophical and psychological features of the subject (the student or the post-graduate student), who makes in his/her life an intelligent professional choice, and also the philosophical specificity of this choice. The author considers the positions of behaviorism and psychoanalysis in relation to human individuality, criticizes behaviorism for inadequate method of research and psychoanalysis for overestimation of unconscious inclinations in the activity of the subject. In the article, by means of the Cartesian doubt method and phenomenological observations, there is presented an understanding of the subject as existential being. The author shows two strategies in human existence: the strategy of a calling to activity and the strategy of inactivity, and also two strategies in professional training of students and post-graduate students. Turning to L. N. Tolstoy’s remarks on higher education allows the author to sharpen the problem of professional self-determination and induces the reader to deeper understanding of the activity of scientist and teacher.



15.
A MODEL OF EDUCATION: VOGUE OR NECESSITY?

S. I. CHERNYKH, M. B. SOFIENKO
Novosibirsk
Keywords: reform of the educational system, the educational model, status of the teacher, higher professional education, Internet, student, knowledge, thinking, creative thinking, interpretation

Abstract >>
Two models of education are studied in the article: the traditional and the modern, where the latter is supposed to gain a foothold as a result of reforms. Revealing the principal differences between them, the authors establish that at the foundation of the traditional educational model there is the teacher, whereas the modern model is more oriented towards the independence of students. The authors try to figure out whether the creation of the new model is necessary, and whether its implementation will lead to attaining the goals declared by the authors of the reform, which is the creation of a generation of creative persons, able to think critically.



16.
FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

O. I. LAPTEVA, S. G. KULIKOVA, L. A. BYKOVA
Novosibirsk
Keywords: higher education institution, adaptation, the participants of theeducational process, student, lecturer, educational conditions, interaction, new socialenvironment

Abstract >>
The article deals with the problem of the first-year students adaptation to the environment of the higher education institution. The results of the investigation presented by the authors yield a model of the optimal first-year students adaptation. Several concrete practical recommendations connected with the phenomenon have been worked out for the university stuff professional training. More precise definition of the key notion is offered.



17.
TO THE QUESTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL STAFF TRAINING IN THE MODERN CONDITIONS OF REFORMING THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

YU. V. PUSHKARYOV
Novokuznetsk
Keywords: innovative approaches to the organization of the higher education system; the problem of professional training in the innovative social conditions

Abstract >>
In the paper, there studied the problem of professional training in the modern conditions of reforming the system of higher education. The attention is focused on the fact that today the necessity of active innovative development of the science system forms new innovative approaches to the organization of system of higher education; there is a pressing question of either choosing new or preserving traditional forms and methods of the expert training. It is emphasized that there are needed such forms and methods that will allow solving with the greatest economic efficiency the most complicated socialproblems arising in new social conditions.



18.
THE PLACE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN ACTUALIZATION OF HEALTH

E. V. KOKORINA
Irkutsk
Keywords: health, health training, dialectic, instruments of cognition of the object of professional activities

Abstract >>
The article reveals some philosophical aspects of the health-improving engagement in physical training. For the first time, there is presented in the article a dialectic approach to the health-improving training. The health correction trend is represented through the law of unity and struggle of the opposites, the law of transition from quantity to quality, and the law of negation. The author notes that the development of the moving abilities is built from the simple to the complicated not only in physical training but also in the health-improving physical training. Solving pedagogical problems, the author reveals the main conceptions of the health-improvement philosophical categories.



19.
DESIGNING AN INNOVATIVE MODEL OF EDUCATION CONTENTS. THE SCHOOLS OF THE RUSSIAN TRADITIONAL CULTURE

V. I. BAITUGANOV
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education content, traditional culture, structure of the ethno-cultural education, basic personality traits, subjects and courses, schools of the Russian traditional culture

Abstract >>
The article deals with some aspects of innovative education content modeling on the basis of the “Russian traditional culture” educational course, which is connected with the all-round development of the integral personality. Approaching education through the theory of invariant pragmatic arrangement for educational content will serve as a basis of creating integrated education process in the schools of the Russian traditional culture.