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Professional Education in the Modern World

2013 year, number 4

1.
A HUMAN BEING AND SOCIETY IN THE MODERN CIVILIZATION GEOPOLITICS

B. I. Kim
Kostanay, Republic of Kazakhstan
Keywords: Human being, society, state, geopolitics, civilization, subject-centered concept, object-centered concept, morality and law, hyper-knowledge, technologization, science, education, culture

Abstract >>
A special attention is paid to the Human being, his/her role and place in the society, state and the geopolitics of modern civilization. How can we evaluate the human being? We can do this on the basis of two opposite philosophical and world view concepts: a subject-centered and an object-centered positions which are the source for the international and domestic policy of the state, ideology, laws, law ethics, morality and law, technologization of life, science, knowledge and education. Some quotations from well-known modern scientists are presented.



2.
THE SYSTEM OF SOCIALIZATION OF THE POST-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY: A CONVERGENT APPROACH

V. A. Vakaev
Barnaul
Keywords: post-industrial society, the system of socialization, education system, convergence

Abstract >>
The author describes the outlines of a new model of socialization of the emerging post-industrial society, which should be a convergence of two opposite models of socialization, which have been worked out in the traditional and industrial societies. The article indicates a number of areas of convergence which concern the system of education.



3.
GEOPOLITICS AS A MODERN SCIENCE AND A UNIVERSITY DISCIPLINE: CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CONTENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL LITERATURE

A. A. Izgarskaya
Novosibirsk
Keywords: geopolitics, science, scientific methodology, theoretical models, metaphor, geopolitical categories

Abstract >>
This article is a continuation of the previous publications by the author, whose purpose was to analyze the general status of geopolitics as a science. The article is devoted to the problems of development of geopolitics in the Russian scientific community and its status in the Russian higher education system. The author emphasizes the necessity of correction of the content of the educational literature in order to make it conformable to the modern scientific standards.



4.
ALTERNATIVES TO THE STATE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION: OPPORTUNITIES AND PERSPECTIVES

V. I. Kudashov
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: state professional education, distance learning, information and computer technologies, corporate education, business, non-profit organizations

Abstract >>
The author analyzes the possibilities and prospects of the forms of professional education that are alternative to the state professional education: distance learning, information and computer technologies, corporate education. The author believes that business and, to a lesser degree, the non-profit organizations, reinforced by various means and tools of new technologies, will take up the place of the state in professional education.



5.
SOCIAL LIMITS OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT IN THE GLOBAL EDUCATIONAL SPACE

N. A. Knyazev
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: philosophy of education, globalization, social limits of innovative development, ontology

Abstract >>
The social-philosophical problems of globalization and education are analyzed. The notion of «social limits of innovative development in the society and, in particular, in global education is useful for the modern research. Philosophical understanding of the processes of dynamics and instability in education should be based on the idea that the limit states in the educational life of the society are a significant element in the functioning of social systems and, together with new opportunities, contain substantial risks and the dangers of making erroneous decisions.



6.
THE PHILOSOPHICAL BASES OF THE NEW EDUCATIONAL PRIORITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBAL SOCIAL CHANGES

E. A. Pushkareva
Novosibirsk
Keywords: modern educational system, global changes, the philosophical bases of development, educational process

Abstract >>
In the article the philosophical bases of the changes in modern educational system are analyzed. It is marked, that the modern social development is characterized by global transformations of human life and by formation of the new system of valuable orientations of the person. In new conditions search of the philosophical bases of process of introduction of new samples in system and practice of education is necessary. The philosophy analyzes educational process as integrity, covers all variety of displays of education.



7.
THE ROLE OF EDUCATION IN MODERN SOCIETY

K. G. Krechetnikov
Vladivostok
Keywords: Ambivalence, anthropocentrism, humanization, acculturation, formation, universal values, self-education, creativity, socialization

Abstract >>
Analyzes the importance of education in the information stage of development of mankind, education requirements and major landmarks.Focuses on such components of education, as socialization and inculturation of the person, education and self-education. Analyzed are the meanings of the notion «education and the author's definition of this term. Special emphasis is placed on development of the personality of the scientific Outlook in the course of education, formation of a scientific picture of the world, the armament of the student scientific method. The focus is on the individualization of education, turning to a specific person, personality, as the leading educational trends. Shows the role of humanization of education in the modern society.



8.
CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES TO RESOLVING THE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES OF HIGHER EDUCATION

F. Kh. Kirgueva
Vladikavkaz
Keywords: modernization of education, conceptions of higher education, key competences, the main tendencies of training of the primary school teachers

Abstract >>
Modernization of education determines the main directions in the development of higher education system, which leads to the search of new approaches to resolving the development issues of higher education: working out the conceptions, reviewing the traditional educational paradigms and the «key competences.



9.
THE PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY:A SOCIAL-PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT

I. A. Pfanenshtil, M. P. Yatsenko and I. G. Borisenko
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: information society, information culture, problems of education, secondary school, the problems of Unified State Examinations

Abstract >>
The main topic of the article is a social-philosophical analysis of the major problems faced by students and teachers of the technical higher education institutions. Referring to the authors case studies, the authors reasonably argue that many of them are connected with Unified State Examinations. Of fundamental importance is the authors research, which gives an idea about the origins of the main difficulties in the era of global information technology. The authors not only summarize the diverse teaching experience, but also offer concrete ways out of the crisis, which would help the domestic engineering education to become competitive.



10.
THE MODERN BIOETHICAL PROBLEMS OF MEDICINE AND THE WAYS OF THEIR SOLVING

K. K. Begalinova and A. S. Begalinov
Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
Keywords: ethics of science, bioethics, medical deontology, responsibility of the scientist, technicism, medical technology, cloning, transplantation

Abstract >>
The authors analyze the content and essence of ethical problems in science, using the example of bioethics and the medical deontology. The positive and negative aspects of introducing modern technology into the social practice are demonstrated. The ethical aspect of such phenomena as cloning and transplantation is revealed. In conclusion the authors emphasize that technical progress poses new ethical problems. In order to solve them it is necessary to avoid a gap between knowledge and morality.



11.
THE GNOSEOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION IN THE POSTMODERN ERA

N. V. Tsepeleva
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, educational philosophy, postmodern, competence, alienation of knowledge

Abstract >>
The article analyzes the changes in the philosophical concept of education in modern Russia that concern the gnoseological aspect of the philosophy of education. The article, based on the methodological principles and the concept of knowledge due to J. F. Lyotard, describes the changes taking place in the Russian educational environment. In the article the characteristics of the phenomenon of knowledge alienation are revealed, and the ethical consequences of this phenomenon in the Russian universities are traced.



12.
INTEGRATION OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE: THE DEVELOPMENT OF A REGIONAL MODEL OF EVALUATING THE QUALITY MANAGEMENT OF CERTIFICATION IN EDUCATION

I. V. Brylina
Tomsk
Keywords: integration of science and education, the philosophy of management of the education development, assessment of the certification quality management, regional model of assessment of the certification quality management

Abstract >>
The article focuses on an important topic: studying the modernization of the education sphere. The aim is the development of a regional model of assessment the certification quality management in the educational sphere, using the methods of philosophical reflection and conceptual modeling. Two main functions connected with certification are distinguished: an invariant function which is common to all the subjects of the Russian Federation, and a variative function which provides the development priorities of the regional system of certification. The issue of the relation between the volume and content of the invariant and variative parts is discussed. It is concluded that the development of a regional model of assessment of the certification quality management in the educational sphere is caused by the necessity of forming a unified national system for evaluation of the quality management of teacher certification, taking into account the needs and characteristics of the regions.



13.
THE ROLE OF HUMANITIES IN FORMATION OF A COMPLETE SYSTEM OF KNOWLEDGE

I. N. Kalanchina
Barnaul
Keywords: philosophy, education, holistic picture of the world, hierarchical structure of knowledge

Abstract >>
Education cannot be reduced to simple transfer and mastering of facts, skills and algorithms of solution of tasks; it represents an integral, very sophisticated process of formation of a complete system of knowledge. Education in humanities plays in it an important role. Unfortunately, today the tendency of elimination of education in humanities is widespread. At that, the role of simplified tests and standards is absolutized. Therefore, today it is very important to consider at a new level the value of education in humanities for the formation of high quality experts. Education in humanities promotes formation of creative potential, develops abilities of generalization, substantiation, argumentation, forecasting, as well as synthetic thinking. A holistic picture of the world and scientific-philosophical worldview can be created on the basis of education in humanities.



14.
FORMATION OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES OF THE LEGAL PROFESSIONAL USING THE BUSINESS ROLE-PLAYING GAME

E. L. Shabalina
Novosibirsk
Keywords: business role-playing game, civil litigation, professional competence, learning process and practical skills

Abstract >>
The article deals with the problems of formation of professional competences of the law student. The author discusses the need for orienting the students of the study field Law 030900.62 (the Bachelor qualification (degree)) to acquire practical skills already in the process of learning and to address various topical issues of administration of the law. Currently, an urgent task of the universities is to change the system of training: not only a high level of theoretical training of the law students is required, but also it is necessary to develop practical skills to apply this knowledge, to form a professional sense of justice at the earliest possible stage of preparation of young professionals. The learning process should be similar to the actual conditions.



15.
THE ROLE OF THE SCIENTIFIC-EDUCATIONAL CLUSTER IN THE FORMATION OF A REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM

D. G. Galkin
Barnaul
Keywords: science, education, integration, scientific-educational cluster, region, regional innovation system

Abstract >>
The author analyses the specifics of integration of education and science on the basis of a cluster approach. The realities and problems of the educational systems in Russia are described. The definition of the notion of scientific-educational cluster is given; essential features of the considered cluster are distinguished. It is shown that the scientific-educational cluster is an initial element of a regional innovation system (RIS). There is given an example of a cluster which is functioning on the territory of Novosibirsk region. We propose a set of recommendations for the creation and development of scientific-educational clusters.



16.
THE CONCEPT OF HEALTH-CREATIVE CULTURE AS A PRODUCT OF INTEGRATION OF PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION

D. S. Novikov
Volgograd
Keywords: professional education, Health-creative culture, subject of post-industrial modernization, health-creative activity

Abstract >>
The article deals with the content of the Health-creative culture concept by means of analysis of modern educational theory and practice. Based on the content of some notions (culture, health, creativity, etc.), the author proposes to consider the health-creative culture as a subsystem of the artificial life-activity program, which determines the models of conscious activity of preserving and increasing the biological potential in the interests of the personality formation according to the independently chosen ideal. The author claims that the ultimate goal of pedagogical practice (including the health-creative activity) is the formation of the subject of the socio-cultural transition of Russia. The ideal of health-creativity is considered as a version of the kalokagathia (kaloskagathos) ideal, which was formed in antiquity and revived during the Renaissance period.



17.
THE FEATURES OF STUDYING THE MILITARY PROGRESS AS A PART OF SOCIAL PROGRESS IN THE GLOBAL WORLD

S. V. Maksimov
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: the society of total consumption, military force, total military expenses, international terrorism, Imperial policy, special civilizational mission, values of anthropogenic civilization, preventive nuclear strikes

Abstract >>
The article reveals new trends, characterizing the military progress of the modern world. In particular, the peculiarities of military progress after the end of the Cold War, after the abolition of bipolar world system are analyzed. NATO continues moving towards the Russian border, justifying this by the needs of fighting the international terrorism. However, the real aims are the same, although they have acquired more rational character.



18.
THE INFLUENCE OF THE LOGICAL-INTUITIVE COORDINATION ON THE QUALITY OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF THE SOLDIER IN THE SYSTEM OF SOMATIC UPBRINGING OF THE PERSONALITY

R. A. Gushcha
Novosibirsk
Keywords: educational process, somatic education, coordination, logic, intuition, vocational training

Abstract >>
Educational process is a sophisticated system, which is connected with an infinite variety of conditions, forms of behavior, relations, connection between its components. The result of this activity should be to ensure the maximum success in the solution of tasks of training highly skilled military experts in the system of military education.



19.
THE ROLE OF COMMUNICATIVE CULTURE OF THE CADETS IN THE PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE MILITARY INSTITUTE OF THE INTERIOR MINISTRY TROOPS OF RUSSIA)

A. M. Borovitsky
Novosibirsk
Keywords: culture, communicative culture, communication, interaction, internal troops, educational process

Abstract >>
The main purpose of this paper is to examine the topicality of the development of communicative culture of the cadets of the Military Institute of Internal Troops of Russia, taking into account the requirements to the professional military personnel in the modern conditions of the society. There is emphasized the importance of the communicative culture of students in the educational process in such higher education institutions in view of formation of the humanistic and value-based relationship with the subject of interrelationship within the framework of professional activities.



20.
THE BIOGRAPHICAL METHOD IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL QUALITIES OF THE SPECIALIST (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE LEADERSHIP QUALITIES OF THE OFFICER OF THE RUSSIAN INTERIOR MINISTRY)

A. V. Valkov
Novosibirsk
Keywords: leadership, development conditions, mechanisms of development, biographical method, life path, crisis stages of the personality development

Abstract >>
In order to explore the possibilities of using the biographical method in studying the development of the leadership qualities of the officer of the Russian Interior Ministry, there is considered in the article the essence of the biographical method as a form of scientific investigation; there is revealed the content of the stages of life as a form of personal development. Based on this study, there is determined the relation between the conditions and mechanisms of development of the leadership qualities and the logical direction of the life path, which allows one to apply a biographical method in studying the leadership qualities development of the officer of the Interior Ministry of Russia.



21.
THE LEGAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE MILITARY EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

V. V. Polich
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, military education, science, military science, legal framework, Russian armed forces, military training activities

Abstract >>
The article considers the legal foundations of the military education in Russia as a part of modern higher education in general. A special attention is paid to the consideration of contemporary problems of legal regulation of military education, taking into account the recent legislative changes. The main methods in the course of the work are: analysis, synthesis, comparison, analogy, induction, deduction, generalization, systematization. A comparative analysis of the military education in Russia and the United States is conducted. Based on this, a conclusion is made that the genuine reform of military education and science should have its own vector of development aimed at implementing the accumulated experience.



22.
SOCIAL PERCEPTION OF THE CIVIC-PATRIOTIC VALUES OF «PEOPLE AND «STATE AMONG THE MILITARY CADETS

A. A. Utyuganov
Kemerovo
Keywords: values, value-related attitudes, civic-patriotic values, people, state, social perception, cadets of the military higher education institution

Abstract >>
The article presents the results of research and experimental study of social perception of the civic-patriotic values of people and state among the cadets of the Military Institute of Internal Troops of Russia. The aim of our research is to study the system of civic-patriotic values of the cadets of military schools through the study of the attitude of the students toward the core values that represents the system: their own people and their state. This attitude is expressed in the form of social perception. The result of the work is a conclusion that the social perception of the own people and state, revealed by the study, reflects a highly positive attitude of the cadets toward them, which indicates a high significance of patriotic values in their minds.