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Professional Education in the Modern World

2011 year, number 3

1.
TAKING EDUCATION TO A NEW LEVEL

A. T. Stadnik
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, specialist, educational policy, scienc

Abstract >>
In the article there are considered in detail such provisions of the new Federal law «On Education as demarcation of powers of federal and regional authorities,and also participation of institutions of local government, new categories of educational establishments, the conditions for scientific activity in higher education, and the problems of financing. The concrete definition of some clauses of the law «On Education is offered.



2.
AXIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN RUSSIAN EDUCATION

N. V. Tsepeleva
Novosibirsk
Keywords: scientism, humanism, all-unity, integral knowledge, axiology, teonomism

Abstract >>
The paper addresses the problem of the philosophical foundations of education. The author argues for the fruitfulness of turning to the philosophy of all-unity, which can become a spiritual basis of the value concepts of education. The article highlights the most topical ideas of N. O. Losskii (as a distinguished representative of the philosophy of all-unity) in line with the identified problem.



3.
THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW AND THE PHILOSOPHYOF EDUCATION: THE COGNITIVE-PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF INTERACTION

N. V. Kulipanova1, N. P. Orlova1, E. V. Ushakova1, N. V. Nalivayko2, V. I. Parshikov2
1 Barnaul
2 Novosibirsk
Keywords: need-based idea, transformation of a social idea, political-legal filter, law

Abstract >>
In the article there is presented a social-philosophical analysis of the laws of development of social ideas arising on the basis of vital needs of the population of the country; such ideas are designated as need-based ideas. It is substantiated that the need-based ideas pass through the stages of becoming, conceptualization, politicallegal processing and inclusion into the legislative base of the state. But at the stage of political-legal filtration, the ideas can change considerably and the laws can take various forms. Referring to the problems of education, it is important to determine how an educational need-based idea changes during its conceptualization and political-legal processing with the purpose of creation of a law on education, and also what the possible consequences in the society are of the introduction of this or that concrete form of such law.



4.
PHILOSOPHY IN THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OR ABOUT THE SUBSTITUTION OF PHILOSOPHY BY STUDYING-PHILOSOPHY

N. A. Shlemova
Moscow
Keywords: philosophical discourse, philosophy as a way of life, philosophy and ideology, critical thinking and dogmas, consciousness, philosophy of universalism, self-identification and self-consciousness crisis, Platos eidologia

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to the problems of crisis of the university education in Russia, to the place of philosophy in it, as well as to the place of the entire humanitarian component, and also to the problem of substitution of the philosophy by studying-philosophy. The author sees the ways of overcoming this crisis, in particular, in the revival and development of the Platonic discourse: Platos eidologia as a universal way to self-consciousness of the individual and the state.



5.
CRISIS OF EDUCATION AS A STATE AND AS A SOCIAL-PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEM

S. I. Chernykh
Novosibirsk
Keywords: crisis of education, educational space, paradigm of traditional education, the subject of education, electronic educational space, state policy in the field of education

Abstract >>
In the article there is undertaken the analysis of the crisis state of education in the conditions of societys informatization. In the authors opinion, the real basis of the crisis is the change of paradigms of the traditional education. The author considers as the basic determinants of change not only the formation of new paradigms but also the disaccord in the rate of development of the basic elements of educational space: the source of information, the receiver of information and the transferring environment as a set of communicational-informational interactions. The change of paradigms is directly connected with the change of the subjects of education, the basic of which are considered by the author to be the state, civil society and the person. An important factor determining the development of the crisis is the change of the educational space architecture which the author connects with the origination of its new type, the electronic educational space.



6.
THE FEDERAL LAW NO 83-FZ AND THE SPECIFICITIES OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN THE VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTIONS

B. L. Rudnik
Moscow
Keywords: state-owned institutions, budget-funded institutions, autonomous institutions, financing of education by the Federal law No 83-FZ, professional education, public sector reform, vocational education, reform of the budget-funded sector

Abstract >>
There is being carried out in the country a reform of the sector of public and municipal institutions which involves the transition to three main types of institutions: state-owned (public), independent (autonomous) and budget-funded. This reform is realized in accordance with the Federal law No 83-FZ On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation in view of improvement of the legal status of public (municipal) institutions. The article considers the main provisions of the reform and the peculiarities of its implementation in the professional education institutions.



7.
THE PRACTICAL REALIZATION OF A SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL SUPPORT OF THE HEADS OF AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE ALTAY TERRITORY

V. N. Chizhov, V. V. Chegodaev, N. V. Chizhov
Barnaul
Keywords: agricultural organization, efficiency, leader, improvement of professional skills, motivation, system of professional support, database, training, educational courses

Abstract >>
There is substantiated in the article the necessity of creation and practical realization of a system of professional support of the heads of agricultural organizations which can serve as a lever for increasing the efficiency of agrarian manufacture. There are described the first steps in realization of the system, as well as the creation of a database about the heads and their stage-by-stage involving into the individual professional support, and also there are considered the approaches to the efficiency estimation of the system being developed.



8.
MODERNIZATION ASPECTS OF THE EDUCATION REFORM

A. Yu. Malyshev
Novosibirsk
Keywords: educational policy, modernization targeting, innovations, parameters of effectiveness

Abstract >>
A reform of education may be successful only if there is present the modernization targeting, transformation of the educational system to the state which is the most adequate to the world order. To solve this problem we must objectively answer several questions. What are the functions and goals of educational system? What tools are proper for achieving these targets? What are the effectiveness parameters of the education process? How to provide the cadres for education reformation? And finally, what is the price of denial to take the global challenges? The article analyzes two basic education models, quality of the proposed educational innovations, the influence of cultural surroundings on this process and the role of the state.



9.
ABOUT THE MECHANISM OF ADAPTATION OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM TO THE QUALIFYING REQUIREMENTS OF ECONOMY

B. A. Mkrtchyan, A. A. Sarkisyan
Novosibirsk
Keywords: the mechanism of adaptation, educational system, requirements of economy, innovative development, stabilization innovations, progressive innovations

Abstract >>
There are considered the major causes of the present-day discrepancy between the quality of training of the higher education graduates and the qualifying requirements of modern economy. There are formulated the most important tasks of strategic character, towards the solving of which there should be directed an efficient mechanism of adaptation of the higher education system to the needs of Russian businesses.



10.
THE PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION PROBLEMS OF RUSSIAN INTELLECTUALS

V. I. Krasikov
Kemerovo
Keywords: the American system of higher education and academic environment, the problems of cultural and professional adaptation of Russian intellectuals

Abstract >>
The purposes of the article include: — to analyze the system of higher education in the USA at its core levels, to describe the American university and the organization of teaching there, to indicate the main problems that the Russian intellectual can confront there. The main topic of the article is the formation of a universal educational environment as a union of different international formats. The paper is a combination of informative and analytical pieces in which the contribution of the author is the explication of the problems of cultural and professional integration of Russian teachers into American educational environment.



11.
UPBRINGING AS A NECESSARY ATTRIBUTE OF THE SUCCESSFUL STATE SYSTEM

T. S. Kosenko, S. V. Kamashev
Novosibirsk
Keywords: person, upbringing, education, state, society, individuality, life activity

Abstract >>
The authors indicate that to the process of upbringing there has always been paid a significant attention as to one of the major factors of successful development of the state. Deep socio-cultural changes in a social system always entail the search for new approaches in the upbringing system. The upbringing, directed toward the future but abstracted from socialization of the person, can lead to severe conflict of the person with the conditions of its life activity. In modern conditions, upbringing should be one of the factors of sustainable development of the society and state.



12.
THE PERSON OF NEW REALITY AS AN ANSWER TO THECHALLENGES OF TIME (THE FIRST PART)

Yu. N. Moskvich
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: globalization, post-person, economy, New reality, innovation, intelligence

Abstract >>
In the article there is revealed the economic image of the future world. The assumption is made that the economic development is on its own a self-regulating system. The global financial activity has turned out to be outside of any state both public control, and the world acquires new features and new forms. In the opinion of the author, globalization will come to an end, and there be other post-global time, in which the main actor of history will be the post-person with his/her values, traditions, habits and the world picture.



13.
SPIRITUAL VALUES OF EDUCATION AND AXIOLOGICALFOUNDATIONS OF THE FORMATION OF PATRIOTISM AMONG THE YOUTH

A. V. Nalivayko, V. I. Parshikov
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, upbringing, values, patriotism, spirituality

Abstract >>
The problem of upbringing, of the person becoming a citizen, a human being of high morals is presently becoming the most significant for the modern society. The processes of globalization and informatization in the world have not passed without a trace for the culture; they have caused a socio-cultural shift. The authors indicate that domestic education needs to include deep studying of Russian culture and, first of all, Russian language, literature, history, painting in order to strengthen the national cultural consciousness.



14.
HUMANITATIS STUDIIS IN THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION:THE VANISHING MEASURE AND THE WHOLENESS OF HUMANBEING

N. S. Rybakov
Pskov
Keywords: cultivation of the soul, measure of human being, wholeness of humannature, the mission of humanitarian education

Abstract >>
In the article we are talking about humanities as an instrument to cultivate thesoul of human being. It is noted that this cultivation of the soul presupposes theknowledge of what is human being, which is his/her measure and the nature.However, in the process of historical development, the measure of human beingbecomes vanishing, the nature of human being becomes blurred, and his/her wholeness is damaged. That is why, in modern conditions the cultivation of thepersons soul grows into a serious problem, requiring the detailed and comprehensivethinking over.



15.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN THECONTEXT OF THE CULTURES DIALOGUE

L. P. Zagorulko
Novosibirsk
Keywords: language education, international language, dialogue of cultures, globalization

Abstract >>
The article explores the interdependence of the world development problems andthe modern system of language education. At the present stage, language educationforms the persons ability to be socially mobile in the society, to enter freely the openinformation space. Since the formation of the person takes place through the dialogueof cultures (the native and the foreign ones), the process of foreign language educationshould be carried out in the dialogue between two worlds (the world of native and ofthe foreign culture).



16.
THE ROLE OF THE MEANING OF KNOWLEDGE IN FOREIGNLANGUAGE TEACHING

N. P. Chupakhin, N. G. Zarechneva
Tomsk
Keywords: meaning of knowledge, potential and actual opportunities ofknowledge, foreign language teaching at non-language departments

Abstract >>
The meaning in the field of the foreign language knowledge is revealed as one-toone correspondence between the need for such knowledge and the real opportunitiessatisfying them. Knowledge as a potential opportunity becomes true only as the resultof actualization of its potential. The foreign language knowledge of the students ofnon-language departments has mainly a potential character. To satisfy the needs intrue language knowledge, it is necessary to introduce new actualizing opportunities into the teaching.