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Professional Education in the Modern World

2013 year, number 3

1.
CROSS-BORDER EDUCATION: THE PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT IN THE RUSSIAN EDUCATIONAL SPACE

S. I. Chernykh and V. I. Parshikov
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, cross border education, educational space, Russian educational environment, national security, educational services, philosophy of education

Abstract >>
The paper analyzes the phenomenon of cross-border (transnational) education, thriving in the conditions of informatization of the modern world community. The authors examine the positive and negative consequences of the process of cross-border education in relation to the Russian educational space. Among them an urgent modern problem is considered of the relationship between national educational spaces and preservation of national security. The authors, detailing the identified problems, emphasize the insufficient use of international definitions and terminology for the analysis of cross-border education and for the analysis of competitiveness of Russia in this area of educational services. The authors believe that as the cross-border education is an obvious challenge to national educational systems, then the cross-border education research and monitoring of its development is urgently needed due to political reasons as well.



2.
GEOPOLITICS AS A MODERN SCIENCE AND A UNIVERSITY DISCIPLINE (1): THE PROBLEM OF THE SCIENTIFIC PARADIGM CHOICE

A. A. Izgarskaya
Novosibirsk
Keywords: geopolitics, paradigm, scientific theories, explanation and prediction methods, development of science

Abstract >>
In the article an evaluation is given to the general condition of the geopolitical theory. The author examines the history of geopolitical science through the prism of ImreLakatos methodology of scientific research programs. The author draws a conclusion that in contemporary geopolitics there exist the theories that correspond to the modern science standards, and the geopolitical aspect is one of the bases for consideration of many problems of the history of humanity.



3.
FORESIGHT AND THE RUSSIAN EDUCATION: AN ONTOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

D. V. Evzrezov and B. O. Mayer
Novosibirsk
Keywords: foresight, designing the future, education, futurology, globalization

Abstract >>
There are analyzed in the article the ontological aspects of foresight and its origins as applied to the sphere of domestic education. It is substantiated that foresight is a logical continuation of the philosophical direction of constructivism. Foresight creates a new multidisciplinary picture of the constructed social reality, which creates a new perspective on old concepts and creates the multi-disciplinary mental attitudes including the attitudes of «here and now. A feature of the foresight-design of the Russian education is to bring all aspects of the educational system of Russia to the Anglo-Saxon standards based on the thesis about the increasing competition in the context of globalization. In Russia there will take place significant changes which will create whole new formats of education, business opportunities and new education policy.



4.
PHILOSOPHY IN THE BACHELOR DEGREE PROGRAM: AN INVITATION TO DISCUSSION

R. Yu. Rakhmatullin
Ufa
Keywords: philosophy, history of philosophy, paradigms of philosophy, testing, module, education reform, term, representative, categorization, learning unit

Abstract >>
The author presents his vision of the problems of teaching philosophy within the framework of the Bachelor Degree program. The author demonstrates the necessity of replacing the topic «History of philosophy with the topic «Basic paradigms of philosophy, due to the fact that now there is much less time allocated for studying philosophy. The author suggests a three-module model of studying philosophy that includes an intramural testing system as a form of control and evaluation of the current and final academic performance of students.



5.
SOCIOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE, THE DIVERSITY OF CONCEPTUAL MODELS OF THE SOCIETY AND MODERN EDUCATION

V. P. Dik1, E. V. Ushakova1, B. O. Mayer2, N. V. Nalivayko2, V. I. Parshikov2
1Barnaul
2Novosibirsk
Keywords: sociological knowledge, conceptual models of modern society, paternalism, liberalism, universal education, elite-mass education

Abstract >>
In the article there is considered the problem of origination and development of modern sociological concepts of society. There are shown the similarities and differences between the global sociological models of paternalism and elitism (liberalism) that form different strategies of global society: the noosphere one and the elite-sphere one. It is noted that, in different conceptual models and sociological strategies, the social spheres, including the educational one, are transformed differently. For the first concept there is characteristic a holistic concept of universal education of the civil society, while for the second one, the elite-mass education of the divided society.



6.
THE PROBLEMS OF LEGAL EDUCATION IN MODERN RUSSIA

Yu. A. Mechetin
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, law, legal education, the rule of law, legal nihilism, Russian legislation, state-legal policy, legal culture

Abstract >>
In this article we study the significance of legal education, which is acquiring increasing national importance, because legal education of citizens and legal culture is directly related to the success of the comprehensive reform of Russian society, and this becomes especially important for the implementation of the idea of the rule-of-law state. One of the most important strategic state goals is the creation of a qualitatively new and effective system of legal education.



7.
THE PROBLEMS OF ELITE EDUCATION IN RUSSIA

P. E. Tarkin-Sapegin
Moscow
Keywords: elite education, the goal of training, modern paradigm, advanced development, philosophical and methodological reflection, market relations, independence and freedom

Abstract >>
Certain features and characteristics of elite education are peculiar for Russia: the advanced development of elite education in the educational system; close relationship between the egalitarian and elite education; the absence of competition with the foreign elite higher education institutions; inadequate role in the global education market; uneven distribution of the elite educational institutions in the vast space of Russia; the lack of proper forecasting of elite education; the discrepancy between the popularity of the elite higher education institution with the demand for its graduates in the labor market; significant potential and broad prospects for the development of elite education and others. A philosophical reflection of the state, regularities and prospects of elite education allows revealing the ways to improve it at the present stage, to formulate the main purpose of preparation of the Russian elite: its ascent to a state of independence and freedom in relationship to society, nature and cosmos, in the moral choice decisions.



8.
ADDITIONAL PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY: NEW GUIDELINES

V. I. Panarin and V. M. Medvedchikov
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, additional vocational education, continuity of education, transparency, education, educational programs, quality of education, social and professional accreditation, professional community

Abstract >>
The authors examine the problems of additional vocational training in conjunction with the general problems of education, emerging in the information age. The emphasis is made on the change in the function of additional professional education; the authors believe that today continuous vocational education is becoming a preferred form of the educational process, which is acquiring a continuous character. A brief analysis of the problems facing the additional professional education in the conditions of informatization leads the authors to believe in the necessity of organizing a system of professional accreditation of the institutions of additional vocational education. As the basis of such accreditation there should act the thematic expert councils together with the representatives of the educational community. This will allow integrating the additional vocational education into the lifelong learning, as well as optimizing its quality. In general, it will strengthen the competitiveness of Russian education in the world market of educational services.



9.
THE STATE AND THE PROBLEMS OF CONTINUOUS EDUCATION OF THE HEADS OF THE AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE ALTAI TERRITORY

N. V. Chizhov
Barnaul
Keywords: cadres, agricultural production, head, education, questionnaire, professional development, professional growth, consultation

Abstract >>
The recession of the economy of the agro-industrial complex (AIC) of Russia is conditioned, in particular, by substantial outflow of cadres from the agricultural sphere, inability of a considerable part of the heads of agricultural organizations to work in the new economic conditions, in particular, connected with Russias joining the World Trade Organization. Therefore, the Government of the Russian Federation has launched a number of projects to help strengthening the agricultural economy: the target programs, national projects, support measures etc. At the same time, it is necessary to undertake a number of steps promoting increasing the professional level of the workers of agrarian-industrial complex, to provide their qualification growth and to facilitate mastering and, hence, advancement of innovations into manufacturing of agricultural production. The leading role belongs here to the heads of agricultural organizations. To find approaches to reorganization of additional education of the heads of agricultural organizations, the Altai Institute of Professional Development of the Heads and Specialists of Agrarian-industrial Complex has been conducting the research in this area already for a long time. In the article there are presented the results of the latest research conducted by a group of the heads. There are presented the list of questions of the questionnaire, the obtained results, figures and their analysis.



10.
TRAINING OF THE MANAGEMENT SPECIALISTS IN THE SYSTEM OF CONTINUOUS EDUCATION BASED ON THE COMPETENCY BUILDING APPROACH

I. E. Tolstova and T. Yu. Kaloshina
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, continuous education, specialist training, training of the management specialists, competency building approach, professional competence, professional competency building

Abstract >>
The paper is concerned with the issues related to the training of the management specialists. It is noted that the modern education is based on two components: intellectual and innovative; and the competency building approach is a key requirement to education. Currently the competency building approach is being transferred from educational system into the management system of companies (organizations). Based on the performed study, the paper shows the necessity and feasibility of practical application of the competency building approach.



11.
PROVIDING INDIVIDUALIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE STUDENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION AS A PROBLEM OF HIGHER VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

E. V. Panisheva
Kostroma
Keywords: individualization, educational activity, higher vocational education, education informatization, resource approach, program-didactic support

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to a topical problem of providing individualization of educational activity of the student as a condition for increasing the efficiency of higher vocational education at the present stage. In the work, the essence of individualization of educational activity of the student is specified. Based on the resource approach, an idea is proposed about the program-didactic support of individualization of educational activity of the student based on application of modern information- communication technologies in the educational process of the higher education institution. A characteristic is given of the pedagogical conditions under which the described idea will promote increasing the efficiency of higher vocational education.



12.
ROLE OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN CREATION OF INNOVATIONS

O. A. Latuha and E. A. Pushkareva
Novosibirsk
Keywords: integration of a science and higher education, innovative activity of the high schools, innovatively prepared experts

Abstract >>
The article deals with problems and prospects of innovative activity of high schools within the processes of integration of a science and higher education. It is marked, that now there is an active inclusion of high schools as the major component in innovative sector of economy of Russia. It is shown that the increase in rates of scientific and technical process, automation of manufacture, increase in a share of sphere of services in an economic turn lead to growth of a demand not only experts with higher education, but innovatively prepared experts.



13.
A MODEL OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE FORMATION OF THE PROSPECTIVE COMPUTER TYPESETTERS IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS

M. A. Milokhina
Kiev, Ukraine
Keywords: vocational training, competence-based approach, professional competence, computer typesetter, model

Abstract >>
The results of the research of the computer typesetters training are presented in article. A model of formation of their professional competence in the process of vocational training is presented and described.



14.
THE DYNAMICS OF THE CAREER SELF-EFFICACY OF THE STUDENTS DURING THEIR STUDY AT THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION

N. B. Lisovskaya and E. A. Troshchinina
St. Petersburg
Keywords: career, self-efficacy, career self-efficacy, the dynamics of the career self-efficacy, sources of the career self-efficacy, professional awareness, career planning, career goal-setting, self-esteem, the ability to solve the career problems

Abstract >>
In the article the concepts of self-efficacy and the career self-efficacy are described. The authors describe the structural components and the sources of the career self-efficacy, perceived as the persons ability to organize and carry out the actions necessary for the career realization. The author presents the results of research of the dynamics of career self-efficacy of the students during their studies at the higher education institution. On the basis of this research, there are described the features of the career self-efficacy of students of various years of studying. For example, the graduates, compared with freshmen, are more confident that they will be able to find information about the specifics of the companies, to carry out monitoring of the labor market and wages in their chosen profession. The graduates are increasingly anxious due to the drastic change in the social roles student expert. Similar to the first-year students, the graduates underestimate such sources of career self-efficacy as indirect learning, verbal suggestion and positive emotional state.



15.
A MODEL OF FORMATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF THE BACHELORS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL SPECIALIZATION

I. A. Stupin
Novosibirsk
Keywords: model, competence, technological competence, technological preparation, teacher education, integrative course

Abstract >>
The author analyzes the topicality and content of a model of formation of technological competence of the Bachelors of pedagogical education of the technological specialization. The article describes the interrelation between all the components of the model, the specific features of the educational process connected with the introduction of authors integrative course «The foundations of the theory of technological training. Thus, there is justified the use of the model of formation of technological competence of the Bachelors of pedagogical education of the technological specialization, which can increase the level of technological competence of students and optimize the work of teachers.



16.
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN HIGHER EDUCATION: THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE PUBLIC SERVICE ETHICS COURSE)

E. I. Krasilnikova
Novosibirsk
Keywords: professional ethics, morality, ethics in the public service, the code of honor, professional duty

Abstract >>
The aim of this article is to consider the problems of teaching the professional ethics in higher education on the example of the Public service ethics course. The author discusses the topicality of this discipline in terms of the future specialist training. Also, based on the personal experience of teaching, the author provides a basis for her own vision of the content-related component of the course and the use of specific instructional techniques of the training activities.



17.
THE MAIN TRENDS IN THE FORMATION OF THE STUDENT YOUTH VALUE SPHERE AS A CORE OF MENTALITY

E. M. Dumnova
Novosibirsk
Keywords: youth, sociocultural space, value sphere, mentality, value system, value transformation, collectivist values, individualist values, factors-determinants, value eclecticism

Abstract >>
The article interprets the phenomenon of the youth mentality generational transformation on the basis of sociological analysis of their value system. The emphasis of the research on the investigation of the youth value sphere is conditioned by positing values as a structural component of mentality. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the values of the Novosibirsk higher education students. The study was conducted by the method of filling in questionnaires. The research sample covered the students of four higher education institutions of the city. The obtained data made it possible to formulate conclusions about the main trends of formation of the student youth value system and, correspondingly, about a specific character of their mentality. One of its particular features is the synthesis of traditional and individualist values. The factors of formation of the youth value sphere are revealed.



18.
REALIZATION OF THE COMPLEX APPLICATION OF TRAINING TOOLS FOR INTENSIFICATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE VOCATIONAL SCHOOL STUDENTS

N. S. Vdovina
Barnaul
Keywords: educational activity, complex training tools application, new educational paradigm

Abstract >>
The article describes a model of complex training tools application during chemistry and biology lessons, which helps to intensify the educational activity of the vocational school students. There are distinguished the criteria for the quality of educational activity components: the content-related, motivational and reflection-related ones. Also there are presented the research results and their description.



19.
THE HISTORY AND THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE USE OF DISTANCE LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES IN LEGAL EDUCATION

Yu.V. Shabalin
Novosibirsk
Keywords: distance education technologies in legal education, distance learning, distance learning stages, the conditions of effectiveness of the learning process

Abstract >>
The article describes some of the historical aspects of distance education and its topicality due to the new needs of the society. Due to the fact that the way of e-learning changes with the advent of new technologies, it is possible to identify a number of stages of its development. The use of Internet technologies and e-learning in legal education opens up new opportunities for continuous learning and professional retraining of specialists, for getting a second education, and makes learning more accessible.



20.
THE MODULE AS A COMPONENT OF THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING COMPLEX FOR THE TECHNICAL AND NATURAL SCIENCE BACHELOR DEGREE PROGRAMS

E. G. Korotkikh
Novosibirsk
Keywords: modular instruction, modular teaching technology, module, open/flexible learning, time-factor variability, variability in the place in the course

Abstract >>
The modular principles of instruction originated in the middle of the 20th century and were actively developed in the theoretical works by the British, American, Russian methodologists involved in the field of professional education. The modular courses create the most favorable conditions for both the development of the person and the creation of the effective curriculum content. The module as a unit of the foreign language educational process has a number of specific features relevant for the technology of teaching. Modular instruction in foreign language classes is an effective means of modern educational management.



21.
EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF AN ADAPTIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT MODEL OF THE COLLEGE

O. A. Nivinskaya
Vladivostok
Keywords: adaptive educational environment, pedagogical modeling, adaptation, pre-higher professional education, pedagogical technologies, health protection

Abstract >>
An adaptive educational environment can be adjusted both to the personality of student and to the alteration of the outer conditions. The article considers a model of adaptive educational environment of pre-higher professional education institution; its efficiency is estimated. Its quality features and the criteria of efficiency evaluation are described; the results of the model introduction are reviewed.



22.
THE PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN THE COLLEGE ADAPTIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

I. V. Grigorievskaya
Vladivostok
Keywords: project activities, college students, adaptive educational environment, business incubator, students self-determination

Abstract >>
A distinctive feature of modern educational environment is the use of active methods of learning. The project method is one of them. The article reviews the experience of the project method use in the educational environment of the Academic College of the Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service in the sphere of basic and additional education. The author thinks that the formation of adaptive educational environment at the educational institution encourages the use of this method. The conditions for the successful project activities are stated in the article.