Publishing House SB RAS:

Publishing House SB RAS:

Address of the Publishing House SB RAS:
Morskoy pr. 2, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia



Advanced Search

Scientific journal “Vestnik NSUEM”

2020 year, number 1

1.
TRANSFORMATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE RISKS FOR THE WORLD ECONOMY IN THE LIGHT OF AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT TENDENCIES

N.N. Yashalova1, T.K. Molchanova2,3, D.A. Ruban3,4
1Cherepovets State University, Cherepovets, Russian Federation
2National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation
3Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
4Moscow State University of Technologies and Management, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: агропромышленный комплекс, климатический риск, национальные стратегии, прогнозные оценки, экологическая экономика, agro-industrial complex, climatic risk, national strategies, forecast values, ecological economics

Abstract >>
The importance of agriculture for a given economic system determines risk related to the global climate change. Analysis of the statistical data (impact of agro-industrial complex in the world and national economies and dynamics of temperature regime) shows that the relation between temperature changes and significance of agro-industrial complex in economy have determined the character of risk during two past decades and will continue doing this in the future. The risk can be partly-compensated (when the importance of agro-industrial complex decreases) and non-compensated (when the importance of agro-industrial complex remains stable or increases). Risk transformations, i.e., fundamental changes of the risk character, are quick (up to two years) and themselves form a kind of challenge for development of the world and national economies. The studied risk is a subject of governance within the frame of national strategies. Particularly, the countries with strong agrarian orientation of their economies can stimulate industrial growth to decrease risks linked to the influence of the global climate change.
																								



2.
MOTIVES AND VALUES OF SUSTAINABILITY MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATION

S.N. Apenko, Yu.A. Fomina
Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Omsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: управление устойчивостью, мотивы (причины) менеджмента устойчивости, ценность менеджмента устойчивости, sustainability management, motives (reasons) of sustainability management, values of sustainability management

Abstract >>
The concept of sustainability management is gaining popularity due to the fact that maintaining a balance of economic, social and environmental principles can improve efficiency of management. Implementation of sustainability management concept in practice meets with difficulties to spread these institutions in society - in the peoples’ minds, business processes and politics. In order to implement sustainability management in practice, integrate sustainability strategy into the organization’s culture, we need to learn more about the values and benefits that sustainability management creates, as well as abut the motives and factors that will actually work. Our study is focused on the concept of sustainability management, in particular on the motives and values of sustainability management in organizations/projects. To conduct our study we used a structured online survey with managers of organizations in Russia. Our data-frame includes answers from 76 respondents from different regions of Russia.
																								



3.
DIGITAL SOCIETY 5.0 - NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN OR GENDER CHALLENGE?

O.A. Zolotareva
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: цифровая экономика, Общество 5.0, информационные технологии, занятость в сфере STEM, гендерное равенство, занятость женщин, digital economy, Society 5.0, information technology, STEM employment, gender equality, women’s employment

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to assessing the real situation of the situation of women in employment in the STEM sphere (from English: Science, Technology, Engineering, Maths). The analysis of the gender gap in wages both throughout the Russian economy and by type of economic activity. Based on a comprehensive study of scientific, journalistic and statistical sources, it is concluded that the problems of female employment, which were observed even before the digital era, but will be aggravated with the formation of the digital Society 5.0, as well as the growth of gender disparities in the level of payment today and in the foreseeable future become challenges gender equality.
																								



4.
ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT: THE ROLE OF RUMORS IN ITS DESTABILIZATION AND CAUSES OF THEIR OCCURRENCE

M.N. Kulapov, I.A. Kalinina, O.I. Shcherbakova, S.V. Badmaeva
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: корпоративная культура, управленческие решения, слухи, условия и причины их возникновения, сценарий развития слухов, групповое давление, corporate culture, management decisions, causes rumors, conditions and causes of rumors, the scenario of rumors, group pressure

Abstract >>
Rumors as a socio-psychological phenomenon, characteristic of any team and is a reflection of the characteristics of corporate culture. Rumors occupy a special place in the information space of the organization. However, there is no systematic description of the possible effects of rumors on professional activities. Defined in the article 3 of the catalyst in the development of the destructive effect of rumors, given its characteristics, the principal reasons for the emergence and development of rumors in high school bands. Based on the analysis, it is proposed to introduce a system of prevention and regulation of rumors as an element of corporate culture management. This need is associated with ensuring the stability of the development of the University, ensuring its personnel and information security, as well as in terms of the development of a positive image of the University.
																								



5.
ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES IN INCOME OF POPULATION AND THE SOCIAL EFFECT RELATED TO IT IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

A.P. Avrov
New Economic University named after T. Ryskulov, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
Keywords: доходы населения, дифференциация, неравенство, социальный эффект, population incomes, differentiation, inequality, social effect

Abstract >>
A technique is proposed for studying differences in population incomes of the countries of the world on the basis of the module (M) in the article. Its use made it possible to detail inequality in population incomes of countries associated with differences in the level of economic development of countries and with the influence of internal social and economic factors. The calculation of the coefficients characterizing the influence of factors on the basis of not intergroup dispersions, but average of intragroup ones is proposed.
																								



6.
ASYMMETRY OF INFORMATION IN THE ANALYSIS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROCESSES

A.N. Kislyakov
Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of Russian Federation, Vladimir, Russian Federation
Keywords: информационная асимметрия, энтропия, фрактальная размерность, кластерный анализ, information asymmetry, entropy, fractal dimension, cluster analysis

Abstract >>
The work is aimed at solving the actual problem of analyzing the interaction of market participants. The degree of unpredictability of market participant’s behavior determines economic risks and manifests itself as a violation of information symmetry. Asymmetry is expressed in different degrees of awareness of groups of sellers and groups of buyers-users of the product about the state of the market, which determines the different behavioral moods and intentions of market participants. The possibility of using the Shannon entropy and fractal dimension indicators to assess the degree of ordering of relationships between groups of buyers and the results of their behavior is considered. This allows us to draw conclusions about the logic of relationships between the behavior of different clients. An iterative box-counting algorithm is used to determine the approximate value of the Minkowski fractal dimension. As a metric of distances between the signs of transactions of pairs of clients, the cosine distance can be used for the case of sparse data. It is shown how the fractal dimension will change in the case of observation of more stable relationships between groups of clients.
																								



7.
GENESIS OF THE DIGITAL BANK

Yu.G. Shvetsov
Altai State Technical University, Barnaul, Russian Federation
Keywords: цифровая экономика, электронный банкинг, криптовалюта, кредитование, цифровые активы, блокчейн, искусственный интеллект, банки, кредиты, виртуальные помощники, digital economy, electronic banking, crypto-currency, lending, digital assets, blockchein, artificial intelligence, banks, loans, virtual assistants

Abstract >>
In the article are examined the basic trends and the content of transition period in the development of the banking sector of services, whose functioning undergoes substantial changes in the conditions of the folding ecosystem of the digital economy. The need for the introduction of essential correctives into the theory of banking is based, the promising trends of the displacement of credit establishments into the virtual space are illuminated, characteristic is given to the new bank products, which are folded of the within the framework decentralized system for control. The most important aspects of the creation of the model of digital bank and the key elements of strategy of its owner’s activity are revealed.
																								



8.
FINANCIAL AWARENESS OF POPULATION AS THE FACTOR OF NATIONAL ECONOMY EFFICIENCY

V.Z. Balikoev
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: финансовая грамотность, национальная специфика, экономическая эффективность, императивный характер финансового просвещения, некорректность статистических исследований, financial literacy, national specificity, economic efficiency, imperative nature of financial education, incorrectness of statistical research

Abstract >>
The article deals with the problems of improving the financial literacy of Russians. And, although this problem is extremely acute throughout the world, in Russia it has a very specific character with historical, religious, cultural and socio-economic content. This is reflected in a much lower level of financial literacy of Russians. It is substantiated and argued that all decisions, programs, efforts of the country in solving this problem should be imperative, since financial literacy of the population today has become the most important factor in the efficiency of the national economy.
																								



9.
VALIDATION OF REPORTING RELIABILITY AND CONTRACTORS INFORMATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF INTERACTION BETWEEN PARTICIPANTS OF THE CLUSTER

A.M. Vyzhitovich1,2,3
1Siberian Institute of Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
3Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: достоверность, кластер, контрагент, отчетность, проверка, риск, reliability, cluster, counterparty, reporting, verification, risk

Abstract >>
The article discusses current issues of risk control in the context of cluster interaction between organizations, which have a significant negative impact on the inaccuracy of reports and other data used by business partners in cooperation. Possible methodological approaches to improve the quality of information and reporting of companies using control mechanisms have been clarified.
																								



10.
INTERNAL CONTROL DEVELOPMENT IN THE HEALTHCARE AREA

K.A. Tatievskaya, V.V. Govdya
Kuban State Agrarian University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation
Keywords: медицинская организация, бухгалтерский и налоговый учет, внутренний контроль, прейскурант цен, технологическая карта, незавершенное производство, бланки строгой отчетности, medical organization, accounting and tax accounting, internal control, price list, technological card, work-in-progress, forms of strict accountability

																								



11.
RESEARCH OF FOREIGN EXPERIENCE IN DETERMINING THE TAX BASE: PROSPECTS FOR CADASTRAL VALUATION IN RUSSIA

M.A. Gubanishcheva
Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building, Tomsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: стоимость, налогообложение, недвижимость, налоговая база, кадастровая оценка, taxation, real estate, tax base, cadastral valuation

Abstract >>
The article includes the review of the analysis of foreign experience in determining the tax base. Analysis of the world experience demonstrates a variety of taxation systems of real property also including differences in their basic elements. In spite of multiple differences there are some similar features common to the majority of countries. Cadastral value is used for the purposes of taxation in Russia. The work on the modernization of the institute of cadastral value is enormous. It can take many years, because the methodology for determining the cadastral value still under development in Russia. The article presents the possibility of using effective practices of other countries. The use of foreign effective practices is permissible in order to increase the reliability of the valuation results, as well as preventing possible problems.
																								



12.
COMPREHENSIVE INDEXES OF SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE AND DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN MODERN COUNTRIES

Yu.S. Pinkovetskaya
Ulyanovsk State University, Ulyanovsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: предпринимательство, социальные ценности, потенциальные интенции, страны, глобальный мониторинг, entrepreneurship, social values, potential intentions, countries, global monitoring

Abstract >>
The purpose of the study is to develop proposals for using the corresponding comprehensive indices for each country to assess social values and potential business intentions. The study was based on empirical data from The global entrepreneurship monitor for 48 countries in 2018. Formulas are proposed and calculations of complex index values are performed. The distribution of their values by country is considered. Lists of countries with high and low index values are given. A comparative analysis of indices for Russia and foreign countries is presented. The indices proposed for evaluating opinions about entrepreneurship are of scientific and practical significance.
																								



13.
ON OIL PRODUCTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

T.S. Trofimchuk1, A.S. Trofimchuk2
1Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa, Russian Federation
2LLC RN-BashNIPIneft, Ufa, Russian Federation
Keywords: динамика, структура, тренды, нефть, добыча, переработка, dynamics, structure, trends, oil, production, processing

Abstract >>
The development of the oil complex is of exceptional importance for all countries of the world and Russia. The results of numerous studies and constant monitoring indicate the great contribution of the oil complex to the socio-economic development of individual regions and countries. The article «Trends in the Economic Growth of the Extractive Industry in the BRICS Countries in the 21st Century», published in the journal Voprosy Statistiki, reflects the strategic role of the extractive industries in the group of five major countries of the world in connection with the 10th anniversary of their unification into the summit. In this context, the article analyzes data on the dynamics of oil production in the world and the Russian Federation at the end of the XX and beginning of the XXI century, gives examples of the positive experience of the regions, in particular, the Republic of Bashkortostan. Quantitative estimates are obtained that characterize the dynamics of oil production in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Bashkortostan at certain stages of development. The assessment and characteristics of the main technical and economic factors affecting oil production are given. The presented results of the analysis of the dynamics and structural adjustment of oil production in the spatial aspect are aimed at improving the strategic management of the oil and gas complex in the country and regions in conditions of great uncertainty of the operating environment.
																								



14.
ANALYTICAL REVIEW OF STATE DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY OF RUSSIA

N.V. Kontsipko1,2
1Novosibirsk State University of Economy and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: государственная демографическая политика, общая численность населения, рождаемость, смертность, естественный прирост населения, естественная убыль населения, state demographic policy, total population, birth rate, mortality, natural population growth, natural population decline

Abstract >>
Demographic policy of Russia is currently one of the key tasks of the state. Demographic policy is closely related to the economic and immigration policies of the state, the development of health care, education, tax policy, as well as state regulation. The article analyzes the demographic processes in the country for 10 years (2008-2018). A number of problems affecting the reduction of the demographic situation in Russia are highlighted, as well as measures that, in the author’s opinion, will help to improve the demographic situation in the country.
																								



15.
ANALYSIS OF THE EXPERIENCE OF PERM REGION ON PERSONNEL TRAINING FOR ENTERPRISES-PARTICIPANTS OF THE NATIONAL PROJECT "LABOR PRODUCTIVITY AND EMPLOYMENT SUPPORT"

T.V. Aleksandrova, V.L. Popov
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russian Federation
Keywords: национальный проект, производительность труда, подготовка персонала, опережающее обучение, технологии обучения действием, программа обучения персонала, national project, productivity, staff training, advanced training, action training technologies, staff training program

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of training staff of enterprises participating in the implementation of the national project «Labor Productivity and Employment Support» in the Perm region. The study uses the methodology of system analysis, methods of analysis of statistical information and expert data. The study formed a model of advanced staff training, tested at the enterprises participating in the national project «Labor Productivity and Employment Support» in the Perm region, and identified the problems affecting the effectiveness of the development of new knowledge and competences of workers in the field of productivity improvement. As a result of the study, recommendations are made to supplement the regional project of increasing productivity in the Perm region with measures aimed at introducing an additional module of management training, to improve the level of the coordinating the company’s activities and developing the organizational culture of the staff. The results of the study can be used to develop programs and training plans for staff of enterprises implementing the national project «Labor Productivity and Employment Support» in the regions of the Russian Federation.
																								



16.
THEORETICAL CONCEPTS OF RISK IN SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE

Z.E. Tuzhba
Kuban State Technological University, Krasnodar, Russian Federation
Keywords: социальные риски, социогенные риски, техногенные риски, модернизация, глобализация, социальная динамика, социокультурная локальность, цивилизационные риски, social risks, sociogenic risks, technogenic risks, modernization, globalization, social dynamics, sociocultural locality, civilizational risks

Abstract >>
The article considers the main approaches to risk research, which is a constant companion of human activity. It is shown that the process of forming the theoretical bases of risk occurred over a long period of time in all areas of social, humanitarian and natural knowledge, which led to the emergence of various risk-based concepts. The dynamics of the attitude to risk in different periods of human history is presented, which resulted in the emergence of a modern «risk society», in which risk is perceived as the reverse side of progress
																								



17.
SOCIAL INTERACTION IN CONFLICT

E.V. Pustovalova
Altai State University, Barnaul, Russian Federation
Keywords: социальное взаимодействие, конфликт, урегулирование конфликта, посредничество, участники конфликта, social interaction, conflict, conflict settlement, mediation, parties to conflict

Abstract >>
The article considers the content, occurrence conditions and stability of social interaction in the conditions of conflict. Social interaction is studied in the context of the possibilities of its impact in the development and settlement of the emerged contradictions between parties to the conflict. The article analyzes the interrelation of the conflict control means and social interaction, stability preserving conditions.
																								



18.
FEDERAL ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONS OF MODERN RUSSIA

V.V. Smirnov
Chuvash State University named after I.N. Ulyanova, Cheboksary, Russian Federation
Keywords: аттрактор федеративного государства, баланс региональных интересов, бюджетная централизация, возможности развития, капиталистическая общественно-экономическая формация, момент власти, принципы меризма, экономика региона, attractor of federal state, balance of regional interests, budget centralization, possibilities of development, capitalistic economic formation of society, moment of power, principles of merism, economy of region

Abstract >>
The purpose of the paper is studying the possibility of economic development of Russian regions in modern federal state. The research is based on a system approach using the methods of descriptive statistics and cluster analysis. The article revealed the incomprehension of federalism as a system tool of development of economy of Russian regions. The federation is related to a political keynote - the moment of power. At that, the priority of merism principles in structure of a state is emphasized, with simplification of national economy and strengthening the role of central authority and dependence of Russia on the technologies of economy capitalization, in favor of budget centralization. The paper shows the place of Russian economy in the world economy in the conditions of acceptance of capitalism as the basis of economic formation of society. Following the results of the federative analysis of economic development of Russian regions the attractor of federative framework - the Republic of Crimea and anti-attractor - the Republic of Dagestan were revealed. The Kaluga Region and Tambov Region were defined as the linking entities of the Federation, while the Nenets Autonomous District and Khanty-Mansy Autonomous Region - Yugra were defined as the separating ones. The results of the research expand the field of knowledge regarding federative framework of the state and point at the possibilities of its integrity maintenance in the course of dynamic economic development of the entities, by forming new competencies for managerial decision making regarding maintenance of stability of the balance of regional interests in internal and foreign policy.
																								



19.
DEVELOPMENT OF MOTIVATION SYSTEM FOCUSED ON THE STRATEGY OF THE ENTERPRISE (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX)

A.E. Kozlov
Aviation Company "Progress" named after N.I. Sazykin, Arsenyev, Russian Federation
Keywords: вознаграждение, система мотивации, категории персонала, ключевые показатели эффективности, разрозненность в системе оплаты труда, стратегические цели предприятия, ценности компании, remuneration, motivation system, categories of personnel, key performance indicators, disunity in the remuneration system, strategic goals of the enterprise, company values

Abstract >>
Motivation of staff in everyday life is considered to be the payment of wages, which the employee receives monthly for properly performed functional duties. However, we should not forget that motivation can change not only the approaches to payment of wages, but also the worldview of employees, their approaches to work. How the employer motivates the employee, such a result will be obtained. This article describes the gradual creation of a motivation system, the successful experience of the implementation of which allowed several times to increase the productivity of a particular enterprise of the military-industrial complex.
																								



20.
TYPOLOGICAL GROUPING BASED ON DECOMPOSITION OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS MIXTURES

Yu.N. Ismaiylova, S.E. Khrushchev
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: разделение смесей, метод моментов, метод максимального правдоподобия, EM-алгоритм, типологическая группировка, уровень безработицы, mixture separation, moments method, maximum likelihood method, EM-algorithm, typological grouping, unemployment rate

Abstract >>
A mixture of probability distributions is a mathematical model that allows to describe heterogeneous data. The task of separating mixtures or decomposition is the task of estimating the unknown parameters of miscible distributions. Despite the adequacy of the description of heterogeneous data, the decomposition of mixtures is a separate problem, due to the large number of parameters to be evaluated. The article carries out historical periodization, systematization, and a critical comparative analysis of existing methods and algorithms for decomposition of mixtures of probability distributions, identifies the possibilities and limitations of their application for the analysis of real populations. Based on existing algorithms, a method for separating mixtures of an arbitrary known number of probability distributions and a further typological grouping of real socio-economic aggregates is proposed. Unlike existing methods, a method for calculating threshold values to determine the boundaries of types and the number of components of the mixture, in cases where it is unknown, is proposed. Based on the proposed methodology, a typology of the subjects of the Russian Federation by the level of unemployment in the Russian Federation is carried out.