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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2011 year, number 1

Russian Soldiers Defending the Southern Boundaries of Western Siberia in the End of the XVI - the First of the XVII Centuries: Part 1.

Yu.S. Khudjakov
Keywords: Western Siberia, Siberian Tatars, Russian Cossacks and Service People, a level of development of military art
Pages: 3-7

Abstract >>
The author analyzes the level of  military art development among the Russian soldiers and  Siberian Tatars as well as the role of military factor in defending the southern boundaries of Western Siberia from Turkic and Mongolian nomads in the end of the XVI - first third of the XVII centuries when there was a real possibility of the Siberian Khanate's restoration.

Managers of the Western Siberian yams (relay stations) in the XVII century

O.V. Semyonov
Keywords: yamskoi prikazchik, yam, yamshik, communications system
Pages: 7-10

Abstract >>
The article deals with the management of the West Siberian yams during the Late Middle Ages. The author determines the order of appointment to management positions of the yam prikazchiks; reveals the scope of their authority; the level of their independence; forms of material support. The conclusion is drawn that these functionaries played an important role in organizing the transport routes in Siberia.

The Nerchinsk Plants Before the Period of the Imperial Cabinet's Direct Control over the Nerchinsk Mining Administration (1704–1787)

V.V. Vedernikov
Keywords: Berg-collegium, mining industry, Nerchinsk plants, silver production
Pages: 11-15

Abstract >>
The article deals with analysis of the reasons underlying the crisis in the Nerchinsk Mining District which led to liquidation of the silver-refining industry in Eastern Siberia. Based on the archival materials the author proves that the pre-Cabinet era paved way for the future crisis of the Nerchinsk plants.

Cattle-Breeding of the Kudinsk Buriats in the XIX century.

D.M. Mansheev
Keywords: Buryats, cattle-breeding, agriculture, natural environment, state policy
Pages: 15-18

Abstract >>
The paper studies the process of cattle-breeding development in the Kudinsk district in the XIX century. The author considers the Buryats' cattle numbers, the structure of their herds, the correlation between different types of agricultural lands and buildings in the Kudinsk district in the XIX century. He also determines factors that influenced the Buryats' cattle-breeding development, including the natural environment, state policy, technological innovations.

The Yeniseisk provincial administration size and structure in 1822–1917.

T.G. Verkhoturova
Keywords: number of officials, the bureaucracy, the Yeniseisk provincial administration, Yeniseisk province, Siberia
Pages: 19-23

Abstract >>
This article considers the authorized and real staff size of the Yeniseisk provincial administration in 1822-1917. Based on the previously unknown documents and archival materials the author considers peculiarities of the Yeniseisk government administration, the actual and relative number of officials holding the higher ranks of field and non-commissioned officers. The author also describes trends of the Yeniseisk administration development and shows how its size changed over time.

Cult Architecture as an Element of the Worldview of Heterodox Christians (Catholics) in Siberia in the XIX – early XX centuries.

T.G. Nedzelyuk
Keywords: Christian churches of heterodox confessions, Catholic Church, site development, draft, cult building
Pages: 23-26

Abstract >>
This paper attempts at analyzing the array of special architectural documentation, catalogues of museum collections and unpublished archival data in order to create a well-built model which will help emphasize typical features of the Christian churches architecture in one of the Western heterodox confessions of Siberian Region of the Russian Empire. The author finds out to what extent the church architectural canon depended on the directives from the state authorities and local administrations.

Contradictions in the Resettlement Policy in Siberia in the late XIX – early XX century.

D.N. Belyanin
Keywords: resettlement policy, Siberia, Migration Department
Pages: 27-30

Abstract >>
The paper deals with some aspects of resettlement policy in Siberia in the end of the XIX - the beginning of the XX centuries. The author considers main undertakings and contradictions that existed in the resettlement policy. The article is written on the wide range of archival materials for the first time introduced for scientific use.

Siberian Newspapers during the Period of Democratic Counterrevolution (in the End of May – the Middle of November 1918).

D.L. Sheremetyeva
Keywords: newspapers, periodical press, Civil War, anti-Bolshevik movement, Siberia
Pages: 31-34

Abstract >>
The article deals with newspapers published in the end of May - the middle of November 1918 in Siberia under the rule of the anti-Bolshevik government. The author studies the circumstances under which the newspapers were published, shows changes in quantity and contents of the local press. It is stated that liquidation of the Soviet power in Siberia led to reestablishment of the freedom of speech and radical changes in the sphere of periodical press. Newspapers as a social institute preserved their independence from the authorities despite the escalation of Civil War and evolution of the political regime of democratic counter-revolution towards authoritarianism.

Discussions on the Prospects of the Yakut National Intelligentsia Development in the 1920s (by the Example of the Sakha Omuk Society).

E.P. Antonov
Keywords: the Yakut ASSR, intelligentsia, discussions, national policy, NEP, the "Sakha Omuk" society
Pages: 35-38

Abstract >>
The article analyzes the 1920s discussions in the Yakut ASSR between the Sakha Omuk' (the Sakha People) cultural-educational society members and the Party-Soviet organs in which they put forward the questions of interrelations between the power and intelligentsia; activities of national associations in the period of NEP, et al.

Twenty-five-thousanders in Western Siberia: Carrying Out the Social and Mobilizing Functions (1930–1931).

N.D. Trotsenko
Keywords: twenty-five-thousanders, staff mobilization, forced collectivization, adaptation factors
Pages: 39-42

Abstract >>
The article written on the paperwork and documents of the Communist party bodies analyzes activities of the twenty-five-thousanders - the workers, who were sent to the Siberian region from industrial centers for conducting the forced collectivization. The author reveals positive and negative factors that affected these workers' adaptation to the new social functions and comes to conclusion that about one fourth of all mobilized workers could not manage their task.

Lawfulness in Stalin's State: Resolution of TsIK and Sovnarkom (SNK) dated 7 August 1932 and Its Fulfillment in Western Siberia.

V.D. Isaev, D.Yu. Mikheev
Keywords: socialist ownership, law, repressions, judicial bodies, Western Siberia
Pages: 43-47

Abstract >>
The article deals with legal collisions driven by the notorious law of spikelets passed in 1932. The author shows the scale of repressions connected with execution of this law in Western Siberia; explains reasons of its gradual exclusion from legal practice.

Deportation of Armenian Population into the Altai Territory in the 1940s.

N.N. Ablazhey
Keywords: Armenian population, repatriation, deportation, Dashnaks, forced migrants
Pages: 47-53

Abstract >>
The paper is devoted to the deportation of Armenian population from the southern regions of the Soviet Union to the Altai territory in 1949. For the first time in historiography the author clarifies the numbers of this particular category of forced migrants, as well as the structure of their settlement and local authorities' activities providing adaptation and distribution of the migrants within the region. The paper is written on the basis of new data from the declassified documents kept in the State Archives of the Altai Region.

Creation of the Atomic Industry Raw-Material Base in the Far East (1946–1965)

I.M. Savitsky
Keywords: atomic industry, geological survey, uranium, thorium, Far East
Pages: 54-58

Abstract >>
The article considers activities of the governmental bodies and geological survey organizations searching and developing the Far Eastern ore deposits of uranium, thorium etc., needed for production of the nuclear and thermonuclear weapons. The author reveals the level of financial and logistical support of the geological exploration, mining and smelting enterprises and shows the results of their activities.

Social Characteristics of Regional Technocratic Elite in the 1960 - 80s in the Angara-Yenisei Region.

E.N. Volosov
Keywords: technocratic elite, the Angara-Yenisei region, social origin, age, types and geography of vocational education
Pages: 58-62

Abstract >>
The paper deals with some of the social characteristics of the technocratic elite of the Angara-Yenisey region in the 1960-80s. The author identifies trends of the technocratic elite's socio-demographic development in the second half of the twentieth century and explains the reasons of this process.

Small Towns and Rural Area: Regional Patterns of Demographic Evolution in the Second Half of XX Century.

O.V. Gorbachev
Keywords: small town, urbanization, demographic development of the village, agglomeration, migration
Pages: 62-66

Abstract >>
The article's purpose is to examine the prospects of demographic development in rural areas near small towns in the context of Russia's urbanization. The urgency of the problem is determined both by the consequences of the rural area's active depopulation in the second half of the XX century and by the necessity to clarify the role of small towns in the urbanization process. The author considers main types of the Russian small towns and analyzes the specific features of their formation and functioning. He also defines different types of demographic modernization of rural areas adjacent to small towns. The author concludes that the most natural model of demographic modernization of rural area is offered by small satellite towns located near metropolitan agglomerations.

Scientific Heritage of A.I. Levshin as a Source for Studying the Nomad Civilization of the Kazakhs.

K.V. Dmitrienko
Keywords: Kirghiz-Cossack, Kirghiz-Kaisatsk, hordes, steppe, aul, elders, sultans, khans, zhuz, yurt
Pages: 67-69

Abstract >>
The present article deals with a fundamental work of A.I. Levshin Description of Kirghiz-Cossack or Kirghiz-Kaisatsk hordes and steppes, published in 1832. The work is often cited by the researchers so it proves the book's relevance and importance for studying history and culture of Kazakhstan. Its author presents different archival materials, the results of his field surveys, gives a detailed geographical description of Kazakhstan. For the first time in historiography he referred to the issues of the Kazakhs ethnogeny, their material and spiritual culture.  Levshin's book has been an important source of data on politics, economy, culture and family life of the Kazakhs.

On behalf of Zlatoust factories workers… Manufacturing of Reward and Gift Axes in 1920–1930.

S.N. Kulikovskih
Keywords: factory, main workshop, gift registered axe, mass production
Pages: 69-72

Abstract >>
The aim of publication is to study the history of ornamented items production in the 1920s-1930s at the Zlatoust factory. Problems of industrial culture are analyzed on the basis of the interdisciplinary approach which allows studying the history of Zlatoust artistic metal production - a special sphere of the Urals metallurgical production, an original phenomenon, which appeared as an alloy of science, production process, craft and art. Being the artifact of industrial heritage it also belongs to the field of art. The research is based on facts and events supported with documentary witnesses and archival sources, which were published for the first time.

The Kulaks of Special Destination in the Soviet Far East (arly 1930s).

E.N. Chernolutskaya
Keywords: Stalinist deportations, "cleansing" the frontier zone, special deportees, the Far East
Pages: 73-76

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to one of the groups of special deportees which appeared in the Stalinist state and consisted of the frontiersmen of Belorussia and Ukraine. These groups were deported to the Far East in transit through Siberia. The author shows distinction between these deportees and the majority of exiled kulaks; reveals the specific character of interregional relationships between different OGPU bodies being in charge of resettlement. The author investigated the reasons of temporary separate resettlement of family heads (in Yakutia) and other family members (in DVK), describes a painful process of their reunification, their living conditions in special settlements and their labor in the areas of gold mines.

Representation and Analysis of the Activities of the SB RAS Museums in the Almanac Museums of the Russian Academy of Sciences

O.N. Shelegina
Keywords: Almanac of the Museums of Sciences, museum network of SB RAS, the ctivities of useums
Pages: 77-80

Abstract >>
For the first time in historiography the author analyzed how the museums of the SB RAS and their activities were represented in a specialized periodical Almanac Museums of the Russian Academy of Sciences. She highlighted several groups of articles based on their contents - museographical, analytical, topical and doctrinal articles. It was established that active publication of materials contributed to determining the role and significance of Siberian museums in the system of science museums, reflecting their role in the process of formation of scientific collections and translation of scientific knowledge about the Siberian region. It also provided realization of their adaptive capacity and integration into the Russian museum community.