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Professional Education in the Modern World

2017 year, number 1



S.G. Novikov
Serebryakov Volgograd Conservatory, Volgograd, Russia
Keywords: мир-система, homo creator, культурное лидерство, готовность к творчеству, самостроительство личности, world-system, homo creator, cultural leadership, readiness to be creative, self-construction of the person

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The article deals with the goal of the Russian education in the context of the transition to a postindustrial (post-productive) society. The author argues that the transition creates the number of problems, which can be solved through the national system of education. Due to the current challenges (segmentation of the global community to the unequal area, the cultural expansion of the West, infiltration of the enemies of the culture modernity to Europe) the national education faces the task to build creative person (homo creator). This is a person who is forced by post-materialist motives, he is able to make free choice of the life strategy in the interests of self-realization, self-construction in accordance with the consciously chosen the moral ideal. The author highlights that the current Russian professional education should form students’ readiness to be creative - their desire and ability to act being motivated by non-economic interest. The paper shows that the structure of this readiness should include five elements: value-semantic, cognitive, emotional, behavioral and reflective elements. The author focuses on the place that Social sciences and Humanities take in homo creator. The article makes grounds also that the challenges of the XXI century require lifelong learning in different kinds of free associations, which are formed on the basis of public interest. Such structures contribute to free and general professional education and are combined with educational structures for talented individuals; they allow Russian education to fulfill a pivotal role in growing the subject of a society in which “economic interest” will be superseded by a truly “human interest” in creativity.


T. A. Artashkina
The far Eastern Federal University, 690950, Vladivostok, street Aleutian, 56
Keywords: качество образования, профессиональная подготовка, конкуренция, внешний рынок труда, внутренний рынок труда, внешний рынок образовательных услуг, внутренний рынок образовательных услуг, education quality, professional training, competition, external labour market, internal labour market, external market of educational services, internal market of educational services

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The topic of globalization and education is explored by many Russian scientists. Their publications can be divided into main 3 groups: 1) where the publications focus on the phenomenon of globalization, its attractors that determine the main tendencies of education development; 2) relations between globalization and education are explored in the context of negative and positive results; 3) improvement in the quality of national education as a necessary response to the challenges and risks of globalization. Different scientific views have led to ambiguity when rendering the notion competitiveness of education. The competitiveness of education is one of the elements of market relations and must be investigated from this point of view. The research methodology assumes socio-cultural approach when personality is considered to be connected with society and culture as a set of values and standards. The authors applied diachronic method that explores phenomena in their chronological sequence. The paper analyzes the following aspects of education competitiveness: the problem of the definition the concept “education competitiveness”; globalization of education and competition in education; the problem of national education competitiveness; the problem of staff training quality; multipolar world and education system. The author argues that education competitiveness is one of the most important characteristics of national education that is regulated by pedagogical laws (the problem of goal setting and quality of students training), political methods (cronyism, discrimination and segregation) and economic methods (damping policy of the exporters of educational service at the external market of educational service). Universities rating presses the competitors as well as they are made by international independent information agencies that belong to the developed countries. The level of industrial and economic development and the system of values in Russia influence the competitiveness of national education at the internal market. The author outlines the necessity to develop organizational, economic, political and pedagogical measures in order to increase the competitiveness of national education. The author sees the strategic goal of this modernization in building national educational space that greatly contributes to multipolar world.


M. V. Vatagina
Sankt-Petersburg State Agrarian University, Sankt- Petersburg, the Russian Federation
Keywords: профессиональные стандарты, национальная система профессиональных стандартов, рынки труда и образовательных услуг, конкурентоспособность образования, дополнительные профессиональные программы, professional standards, the national system of professional standards, labor markets and educational services, competitive education, additional vocational programs

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Quality education - a source of competitiveness of our country determines its position in the world for decades to come. According to the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev [1, p. 1-3], “...a fierce competition for talent in the world economy. In today’s world, people were able to choose where to study and then work. This competition, we have no right to play”. “In this regard, ... the priority is the professional education. The key objectives are-to ensure the possibility of passing the retraining throughout their careers” [1, p. 5]. The need to revise the educational policy of Russia is connected with the fact that the urgent needs of the Russian society and the state in the development of productive forces and relations of production is very inadequate to meet present education system. Not enough thought-orientation of national education in the Western Europe, the Bologna process it more clearly reveals its substantial failures [2, p. 50-51]. In today developed concepts and modernization and innovative development programs of the country until 2020 and then until 2030 one of the most important section is the development strategy of the national training system, which should be based on a national system of professional standards. In order to reduce the imbalance of labor markets and education in 2012-2015 has been prepared by the program of renovation of the existing system of qualification requirements for workers, which must inevitably lead to a change or supplement educational programs in Russian training system. To create an objective basis for the formation of programs of professional education/training/preparation, and to obtain feedback between employer requirements and the quality of training and assessment of professional qualifications, regardless of how they can obtain from 1 January 2017 teaching professional standards in the work of education introduced legislation institutions. Will the professionalization increase the competitiveness of education? The article deals with the various aspects of this issue.


V.G. Ivanov
Institute of Professional Education and Information Technology, Ufa, Russia
Keywords: компетентность, конкурентоспособность, производство, профессиональное образование, профессиональная компетентность, система, модернизация, интеграция, национальное образование, competency, competitiveness, industry, professional education, professional competency, system, modernization, integration, national education

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The author highlights that national and world pedagogics has vast experience in research related to competitiveness and building competencies. Many famous researchers explored dif ferent aspects of competitiveness of educational institutions and integration. The structure of the proposed system of training qualified specialists includes targeted, methodological, comprehensive, organizational and procedural and resultative components. This contributed to analysis of the current situation of the problem and outlining organizational and pedagogicalconditions that are favourable for training qualified competitive specialists; summarizing the content of specialists’ competitiveness for industry within the vocational school.


A.P. Segal
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Keywords: профессионализм, конкурентоспособность, образование, субъектность, системность, стратегия, прогноз, предвидение, услуга, производство человека, professionalism, competitiveness, education, subjectivity, systematicity, strategy, forecast, foresight, service, human production

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The transition to business and market basis has led not only to disintegration between the complex “university-industry” and blanket order for university “product”, but it has changed significantly the attitude to this product. Education is considered as a service, and alumni are fixed between a university and production where they play the dual role as a client and as an employee. Due to this fact, the problem of competitiveness of higher education has double nature, its solution is inapproachable in the first case, and it is unwanted in the other case. This article attempts to analyze the reasons of this situation and possible ways of reintegration of a unified system “university-industry”. The article outlines that integration of higher education and industry should not be restricted by organizational and technological aspect whereas it should take into account the social impacts of building strategies. The paper makes case that the renovation of a common space for vocational education and industry is possible in case the government integrates universities and industry as a general customer.


I. V. Kosorukova
Moscow financial-industrial University “synergy”, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: профессиональное образование, конкурентоспособность, квалификация, professional education, competitiveness, qualification

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The article analyses the problems of education quality in Russia, the author focuses on the problem of highlighting the criteria of estimation of Russian education competitiveness. The author analyzes the dynamics of indicators that characterize the identified criteria, the author explores the relationship between the directions of training of graduates of higher institutions and their level of employment and unemployment, the demand for quality education and demand for skilled workers in the modern Russian economy. In the article the author studies the problem of independent assessment of qualifications, which will come into force in 2017, its advantages and disadvantages, are ascertained facts, the author formulates conclusions and prospects for the competitiveness of the Russian education.


N. B. Strekalova1,2
1Samara State University, Samara, Russia
2Togliatti Academy of Management, Togliatti, Russia
Keywords: качество образовательных результатов, информационные технологии, открытая образовательная среда, открытые образовательные курсы, факторы качества образования, quality of educational results, information technology, open educational environment, open educational courses, the factors of education quality

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The authors see the task to improve the competitiveness of Russian higher education to be associated with the quality of educational services and their conformation to the needs of society, state, education and personality. The quality of higher education has integrated character and depends on the quality of educational processes and education system functioning, various internal and external factors. At the same time, the competitiveness of Russian education depends on its access to the world educational space, supply of foreign and Russian students with open educational courses that are in demand and development of e-learning. Informatization of education becomes a mean of increasing the competitiveness of higher education and its quality. However, the transfer of educational process to the open educational space results in potential didactic possibilities of e-learning that contribute to improving the quality of education, and the technological, methodological, communicative, health problems that reduce the quality of education.


N. O. Vaganova1, V. M. Lopatkin2
1Siberian state transport University, Novosibirsk,Russian Federation
2Siberian Transport University, Altai State Pedagogical University
Keywords: университетский комплекс, системные эффекты, организации профессионального образования, интеграция, university complex, systemic impacts, institutions, integration

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The paper explores the systemic impacts of university complexes. The author uses such theoretical methods as scientific information about the systems, empirical methods as comparison of the data received and data about university complexes. The research results in the proposed systemic impacts that come from integration among professional education institutions. They characterize university complex as a system and quality of integrated pedagogical system as the “ability for self-renovation”. The scientific novelty of the research assumes the fact that the suggested systemic impacts contribute to integration of professional education in University complexes. Their holism can be reached by means of interactions among institutions of different levels and their teaching staff. The author sees the relevance of the research in the fact that systemic impacts and integrative quality contribute to university complex holism and developed relations among all the subjects of educational processes.


V. E. Steinberg
Bashkir State Pedagogical University named after M. Akmulla, Ufa, Russia
Keywords: образовательные стандарты, универсальные учебные действия, компетентностей подход, визуализация, логико-смысловое моделирование, логико-смысловые модели, educational standards, general education activities, competency-based approach, visualization, logic-semantic modeling, logical-semantic models

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The paper explores visualization in didactics in relation with the tasks of Federal Standards that are referred to the general education activities, project skills and competency-based approach. The author focuses on the barrier that prevent following the standards: insufficient visual support of different complicated educational activities. The research suggests solving this task by means logical modeling of the knowledge in the natural language and corresponding didactic instruments like logic-semantic models. The author shows the role and place of new didactic means in education process and binary plan of education and cognitive activity. The paper suggests to divide the general education activities on their complexity and fulfil the subjects with logic-semantic models that define the process of doing exercises and design of the results. The author shows the example of the set of logic-semantic models used for subject Biology.


N. N. Ravochkin
Kemerovo State Agricultural Institute, Kemerovo, Russian Federation
Keywords: бизнес-школа, преподаватель бизнес-школы, профессионализм, бизнес-образование, профессионализация, предпринимательство, дополнительное профессиональное образование, преподаватель, business-school, business-school teacher, professionalism, business education, professionalization, business, further training, teacher

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The paper highlights that nowadays further training is increasingly becoming the object of theoretical and applied research: the number of publications scientific events is increasing. At present moment, the society becomes very complicated and sets strict requirements to efficient and rapid mastering of competencies, obtaining actual knowledge and skills. This is mostly implemented in the system of business training where we can observe the strong correlation between correlation between the intentions and possibilities of students. Currently, business training serves as the mostly wide-spread educational institution in this system. However, the quality of educational services do not always correspond to their cost and sometimes the topic. Due to this fact the author addresses to the teachers. The article is devoted to one of the most important problems of modern educational practices in the system of ffurther training that is the problem of business-school professors’ professionalism. The research proves the necessity to improve professionalism by means of teachers component and their real success and experience in business that can teach and transfer. The author makes conclusion that refocus from unqualified teachers who know the subject in its theory onto the teachers who are really experienced and qualified will move national business-education towards high quality and high competitiveness.


O. V. Butova1, Iu. V. Chudinova1, G. V. Shipilina1, V. V. Rogdestvenskaia1, I. V. Cherdantseva2
1Tomsk Agricultural Institute, Tomsk, Russia
2Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russia
Keywords: кадровое обеспечение АПК, модель аграрного образования, образовательный кластер, профессиональный рынок труда, agribusiness staff, the model of agricultural education, educational cluster, labor market

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The article is devoted to the regional aspect of the current modeling problems in modern agricultural education. The paper highlights the problems of agricultural staff in Tomsk region and imperfection on regional educational system in agribusiness. The authors speak about necessity to build new and efficient model of education in the sphere of agriculture of Tomsk region. The article highlights the requirements to the system of education in the area of agriculture in Tomsk region. The authors suggest to build new model of agricultural education that is common education space (cluster) that would be regulated and controlled by the Industrial Council on Education Quality in Agribusiness. This model will contribute to eliminating the contradictions among the elements of education by means of net interactions.


T. A. Fedotova
Dnipropetrovsk National University Oles Honchar, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine
Keywords: профессиональное образование, вуз, дистанционное образование, двойной диплом, образовательные программы, professional education, higher institution, distance learning, double degree diploma, education programmes

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The author analyzes the basic models of the programme double degree diplomas. The paper outlines the main problems related to the programme of double degree diploma and specifies the main requirements to institutions participating in this programme. The author highlights the main advantages of such programmes and suggests the ways that improve efficiency of these programmes.


I. V. Cherdantseva1, A. V. Cherniaikin2, A. A. Medentsev2
1Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
2Tomsk Institute of Staff Retraining and Agribusiness, Tomsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: воспитание, мотивационноценностное отношение к деятельности, педагогическая система, образовательная система, компетенция, компетентность, квалификация, квалифицированность, профессиональное образование, профессиональная образовательная организация, преподаватель, учебное предприятие, интегральная образовательно-производственная среда, производительный труд, наставник, ученик, education, motivation and valuable attitude to professional activity, pedagogical system, educational system, competency, expertise, qualification, proficiency, vocational training, vocational school, teacher, enterprise with functions of teaching and training, integral educational and industrial environment, productive efforts, tutor, trainee

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Current growth of agricultural production depend on just in-time transfer from traditional agricultural economy to application of innovative technologies. Due to severe climate conditions in Russia, it is possible to produce cheap goods of good quality on the basis of efficient agricultural economy which is based in its turn on the knowledge. The authors sees that agricultural transfer to innovative development requires complete changes in approach to agribusiness staff training. Currently, innovative agricultural enterprises face the problem related to the lack of qualified staff. Vocational agricultural schools focus on the current problems in agriculture and not in the long-term period. Thus, we have a contradictory situation in terms of agribusiness staff that restricts development of agricultural economy. The author highlights the necessity for new regulations that promote deep integration between vocational schools and innovative agricultural enterprises. This integrated educational and industrial environment can contribute to rapid training of agribusiness staff that can make impact on innovative industrial development in different fields of agricultural economy.


M. S. Ashilova, K. K. Begalinova
Kazakh Ablai Khan University of International Relations and World Languages, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
Keywords: информационное общество, рыночные отношения, профессиональное образование, компетентность, конкуренция, техницизм, гуманизм, этнопедагогика, knowledge society, market relations, vocational training, competence, competition, technicism, humanism, ethnopedagogy

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The article considers vocational training in the Republic of Kazakhstan in market conditions. It is emphasized that vocational guidance is a guaranteed job tomorrow. Particular attention is paid to socio-humanitarian training. The authors emphasize that the humanization and humanitarization is a foundation, which will help to make vocational education in the twenty-first century as an important tool in solving all human problems, because if any specialist would be a man of high humanism, he will behave with goodness, beauty and truth. The article also draws attention to the ethnopedagogics problem which must necessarily consider the future group of students, and in the light of it build an educational process, which in any case does not mean deviations from the strict requirements of innovative technologies.


Y. I. Kazantsev
Novosibirsk University of architecture and construction, Novosibirsk, Russia
Keywords: рынок, образовательные услуги, негосударственные образовательные учреждения Западной Сибири, тенденции развития частного сектора образования, market, educational services, private higher institutions of Western Siberia, tendencies in private educational sector development

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The article explores the experience of establishment of private higher institutions in Western Siberia in the 1990s. New higher institutions were intended to develop the competitive environment in the market of educational services and to open “a new window” of opportunities to provide a wide range of people with possibility to get higher education. General trends in the private educational sector development throughout Russia as well as its regional characteristics and peculiarities can be derived on the base of regional experience. World experience in this field argues that private education is a promising idea. In England, for instance, 74% of the judges, 51% of famous journalists and 61% of qualified doctors received higher education in private higher institutions. But in Russia there are many obstacles to implementation of generally recognized ideas. The difficulties are related to fundamental reasons and slick solutions of the Ministry of Education of Russia. The period of 1995-2000 was the years of the most rapid development of the private higher educational institutions which were being established at that time. However, the period of well-being and prosperity had gone rather quickly, and private education together with the state education, entered a period of crisis. The author outlines demographic situation in the country, small number of school leavers and acute competition for applicants between private and state higher institutions. Facing the hard difficulties a range of regional universities and branches ceased their activity


L. N. Berezhnova1, T. V. Sidorina2, A. A. Zotov3, D. Yu. Tarasov3
1Saint-Petersburg military Institute of national guard troops of Russia, Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk state agrarian University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
3Novosibirsk military Institute named after General of the army I. K. Yakovlev of national guard troops, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: военное образование, специалист военного вуза, междисциплинарное проектирование, military education, specialist of military University, multidisciplinary design

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Since the educational system of the University is aimed to ensure the successful formation of personality of a prospective specialist, the domestic higher school in conditions of modernization, aimed at finding educational technologies. The ability of the military education system to meet the needs of society and personality outlines the priorities of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It is important that in these conditions, higher military institution focuses on the formation of personal maturity and professionalism of a prospective specialist who is able to act efficiently [1, p. 7]. Thus, the source of competitiveness in the market of higher military education is the formation of comprehensive education services on the basis of competence-based approach to integration and interdisciplinary design. It is evident, that application of pedagogical design technology in the military higher education institution changes the role of a teacher as a representative of science, researcher and instructor. The transfer from authoritarian model of education to teaching as a way of involvement the students and attracting them to the values and learning personally significant knowledge that can be applied in implementation of personal projects [2. p. 27]. The author argues, that education in the military institution with the use of pedagogical design is not just a teaching activity but a lifelong process [3, p. 42]. The project activity puts the student in an active position and he does research, solves problems, takes decisions, explores and records information about his activity.


E. R. Kroll, V. I. Kudashov
Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: социализация, профессиональное самоопределение, экзистенциальный выбор, этапы становления личности, socialization, professional self-determination, existential choice, stages of personality formation

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The paper reflects the results of theoretical research of professional self-determination stages through installations of a symbolic interactionism. The process of professional self-determination happening over ontogenesis is considered from the point of view of existential philosophy where the key concept is “choice”, and its commission purpose is to give sense to existence. The basis for the choice of any professional activity and motivation of vocational education, inseparably linked with it, in the form of the ideal image of professional activity created as a result of passing by the identity of process of socialization is offered. The consecutive operations of formation is an ideal image of professional activity made at each stage of professional selfdetermination are revealed: imitation, monitoring of significant Others’ reaction, correlation. It is supposed that incorrect formation of an ideal image of professional activity can complicate process of professional self-determination.


M. R. Arpentieva
Kaluga state University, Kaluga, Russia
Keywords: эмпатия, принятие, конгруэнтность, конкретность, метатехнологии, принципы, интенции, преобразование, отношения, компетентность, empathy, acceptance, congruence, concreteness, meta-technology, principles, intention, transformation, relationship, competence

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The article analyzes the basic principles of socio-psychological consulting as a practice that helps interpersonal relationships and subjects. The author explores the main problems of the clients related to violations in their inner and interpersonal relationships, and relations to his own life (existence) in general. Relying on the tetrad of principles of psychological consulting in the K. R. Rogers school, the author highlights their manifestations and features in three basic aspects of the measurement of the consultative interaction. There are traditionally three dimensions outlined: power, competence and love. Each of the dimension is associated with a particular intention of consulting relationship: transformational, dialogical and relational. The basic principles of consulting are implemented as these or that meta-technologies or group of metatechnology within each of the intentions. In addition, the author considers the principles of consulting in relation to the life of the consultant and the client, as «meta-technologies of life».


V. N. Nikitenko
Institute for Complex analysis of regional problems Feb RAS, Birobidzhan, Russia
Keywords: профессия, профессионализм, непрерывное образование, целостность, profession, professionalism, lifelong learning, integrity

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The author reviews professionalism as a process and result of secondary and professional education and personal development. The author offers his own definition for professionalism, which differs from those mentioned in modern scientific resources. This definition integrates occupational and personal aspects of professionalism, and shows the factors having positive or negative impact on the formation and consolidation of professional skills, emphasizing a special role of education and professional activities. The development of professionalism takes place not only at the moment when a person has already chosen profession and is studying at the institution, but it is a lifelong process. Being a subject of social relations, the person deals with people of different occupations. He “tries on” some of these professions and finally makes his own professional choice. He enters a corresponding educational institution in order to be trained for chosen professional activity. On graduating the educational institution, he gets involved into professional activity where his professionalism is developed most intensively. The author outlines that, professionalism is a subjective integrity, and its formation occurs during the whole life of the person. For a better understanding of its nature, the author appeals to the complex that includes the philosophy of holism, synergetics and the doctrine of the noosphere. The author sees the phenomenon of professionalism from these points of view that contributes to the novelty of the research.


E. V. Zhidkova1, O. V. Shcherbakova2
1Siberian Transport University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Siberian State University of Water Transport, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: начертательная геометрия, инженерная графика, процесс познания, процесс мышления, образное мышление, технология, ручная графика, машинная графика, descriptive geometry, engineering graphics, cognition, intellectual process, creative thinking, technology, manual graphics, computer graphics

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Teaching Descriptive geometry and Engineering graphics in technical universities assumes two different forms of teaching: manual graphics computer graphics. Teachers of Graphics suggest that Computer Graphics focuses on the student’s professional development of the student whereas Manual Graphics helps to explore deeper the basic concepts of Descriptive geometry Teaching staff and didactic equipment determine the methods and methodology of teaching basic disciplines in Graphics. The authors suppose that tendencies to usage of computer aided engineering developments results in the fact that intellectual process, cognition and visualization are partly lost as it is necessary to study Computer Graphics together with Descriptive Geometry. This restricts intellectual process especially at the beginning of study.


A.S. Begalinov
TRK “South Capital”, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
Keywords: глобализация, информационное общество, рыночные отношения, медиавоспитание, медиавоспитательное пространство, медиатехнологии, медиакультура, globalization, the information society, market relations, mediaeducation, media educational space, media technology, media culture

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The article focuses on the development of media education in the context of globalization and the information society. The author shows that these processes have both positive and negative affects. Negative aspects of globalization include the destruction of the secular humanist traditions. The author considers the essence, content and methodology of construction and heuristic value of media education. Attention is paid on expanding the traditional means and methods of education through the use of modern media and new educational tools and technologies that repeatedly increasing the educational potential of the subjects of education.