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Professional Education in the Modern World

2011 year, number 1

1.
VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN MODERN WORLD: CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT TENDENCIES

N. V. Nalivayko, V. I. Parshikov
Novosibirsk
Keywords: state and tendencies of modern vocational training, adaptation

Abstract >>
There is considered in the article the state of modern vocational training in the world, the basic tendencies of its development, which are connected, first of all, with the economic aspects of the society development, adaptation of the education system to the market relations. There is emphasized the necessity of revaluation of the traditional concept of an institute of vocational training on the basis of its ontological bases. There are discussed the specificities of the vocational training development in the system of the world economic and social tendencies of the society development.



2.
THE BASIC TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION

T. A. Artashkina
Vladivostok
Keywords: higher education institute, cultural-educational space, integration of values and cultural meanings, tendencies of development of regional education

Abstract >>
Analyzing the development of the institute of higher education, the author notices that modern education is no longer understood as a narrow sphere of social structure; it is included in a wider context of the entire socio-cultural life. The educational environment, according to the author, should be thought of as an integrally organized space providing not adaptation but integration of persons own values and cultural meanings with the values and cultural meanings of the society. It is underlined that the given tendency of development of modern institute of education is especially important for the development of education in the regions.



3.
COMPETENCE THROUGH THE PRISM OF ANTHROPOLOGY

N. S. Rybakov
Pskov
Keywords: reforms of the system of domestic education, knowledge-based and competence models of the education system

Abstract >>
In the article there is given an analysis of the problem of reforming the system of domestic education, both general and professional. It is underlined that the essence of the occurring changes consists in transition from the so-called knowledge-based to the competence model of the education system. Moreover, competence assumes the presence of a subject domain (where the action realization is possible), an ability (as the own, internal potentiality of the subject for the action) and the external authorization (permission) for the action performance. Distinguishing these components shows how complicated competence is and how carefully one has to approach its studying.



4.
EDUCATION AS A (NON)STATE CONCERN

V. I. Parshikov, S. I. Chernykh
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, innovation, educational activities, human capital, socialization, commercialization of education, educational policy, educational environment

Abstract >>
The article offers a socio-philosophical analysis of some aspects of the modern Russian education transformation. The theoretical propositions are applied to such innovative projects of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation as the draft of the new Law on Education and the Law no. 83 (on the legislative modernization of the state institutions). Drawing on the theoretical statements of optimology, social philosophy, sociology and statistics, the authors conclude that not all of the innovative projects turn out to meet the challenges of modern reality. The author proposes some principles, on the basis of which it may be possible to overcome the crisis situation in education.



5.
PHILOSOPHICAL-METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE INNOVATIVE PROCESSES IN THE EDUCATIONAL SPHERE

N. A. Knyazev
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: innovative educational reality, innovative processes in modern education sphere, system interaction of science and education

Abstract >>
In the article an analysis is undertaken of the innovative processes in modern educational sphere. Their ontological, gnoseological and methodological aspects are revealed. It is noted that the innovative reality is a synthesis of the necessary components of the society, resulting in their systemic interaction characterized by self-organization and, accordingly, the sinergetic laws of development. According to the author, the problem of integration of education both in the world and on the regional scale, the problem of unity of unification and diversification of education should be resolved while taking into account the laws of the big system integration. It is underlined that the innovative processes in education on the regional scale occupy a special place in the socio-cultural development of the society.



6.
A PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT TRENDS OF THE HIGHER ECONOMIC PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION IN THE POST-SOVIET RUSSIA

S. G. Gusev
Barnaul
Keywords: philosophy of education, higher economic professional education, optimal model of the specialist training

Abstract >>
The purpose of the article is to reveal the philosophical and educational aspects of creation of an optimal model of training of a specialist in the system of higher economic professional education. There is proposed an authors model of optimization of higher economic education taking into consideration the social conditions of forming the contingent for education, the philosophical and methodological analysis of educational process, the feedback of the higher education institution with the economic entities and their requirement for the professional economist. The author considers this problem from the positions of the philosophy of education. There are indicated the philosophical and methodological, social pedagogical, axiologicaland praxiological aspects of the model.



7.
A PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH TO INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY AND QUALITY OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS IN THE RUSSIAN VOCATIONAL TRAINING

K. S. Lelyushkina, N. P. Chupakhin
Tomsk
Keywords: dialogue of cultures, intercultural communication, domestic vocational training

Abstract >>
The authors concentrate their attention on one of the topical problems of hermeneutics: determination of meaning in the field of training. Without its solution it is impossible to construct interpretation of texts in the course of training of the foreign student in the Russian higher education institution. The authors assign a special importance to the problem of dialogue between cultures, the important conditions of which are tolerance, the ability of adequate perception of the features of another culture and mentality. At the philosophical level, these problems concern hermeneutics in the field of understanding of the world and the person by means of text interpretation. According to the authors, in education, the means and the features of communication process for identical social tasks may vary depending on the potential possibilities of psychological orientation of the students. As it is underlined in the article, the personalityfocusedcommunication is needed as a process of actualization of these potential possibilities.



8.
THE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF THE PROFESSIONAL SKILLS IMPROVEMENT OF THE AGRICULTURE SPECIALISTS

V. N. Chizhov, I. V. Kovaleva, N. V. Chizhov
Barnaul
Keywords: vocational training, innovative education of the agrarian sector, improvement of the professional skills of the agriculture specialists

Abstract >>
In the article there are analyzed the problems and prospects of the professional skills improvement of the agriculture specialists. Over the last thirty years there has been formed in the Russian society the understanding that the domestic agriculture is not only a foundation of increasing the living standards and health of the Russians but also an assurance of the food safety of the state, its independence in the world community. Such understanding of the importance of agricultural production has caused a sharp increase in the quantity of innovations in the agrarian sector; but this has resulted in the problem of the personnel retraining. The authors underline that solving the arising problems requires a complex approach.



9.
GLOBALIZATION AS A FORM OF THE HISTORICAL PROCESS ORGANIZATION: ITS ESSENCE AND PROBLEMS

M. P. Yatsenko
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: globalization, national values, interaction of civilizations, historical continuity, the Second and Third Worlds, historical cognition, integration processes, information society

Abstract >>
In the article we consider the peculiarities of historical cognition in the conditions of globalization. One of the most important characteristics of globalization is a force-based interpretation of history. We prove that it is performed in the interest of the globalization subjects, i.e., the leading Western countries at the expense of the countries of «the Second and Third Worlds; and that is why the ideologists of globalization are not interested in the objective studying the historical past. They consider history in its euro-centric version, based on mondialistic tendencies, justifying aggressive ambitions of the globalization initiators; and the result of it is a threat of losing the socio-cultural essences by some societies.



10.
THE BOLOGNA PROCESS AND THE RUSSIAN TRADITIONALISM

Yu. S. Salin, L. M. Kurbanova
Khabarovsk
Keywords: , - , , , , , , , fundamental instincts, socio-cultural stereotypes, conscience, competition, education, Enlightenment, information culture

Abstract >>
The question is raised about the compatibility of the current reforms with the fundamental instincts, our cultural stereotypes and pedagogic foundations. The European education system is aimed at training the competitive participant of the manufacturing process. The educational tradition of the East has for an object formation of the socialized person, capable of establishing harmony with his/her own conscience and surrounding Nature. Comparison of two educational systems reveals their fundamental divergences, the conclusion being that Westernization will not make Russian education more effective.



11.
E-LEARNING: THE CONCEPT AND THE STRUCTURE

S. I. Chernykh
Novosibirsk
Keywords: education, e-learning, informatization of education, information education, interaction, multimedia, modeling, communicativeness, computer networks

Abstract >>
The article deals with the concept and the structure of a new educational technology, e-learning, in the Russian educational system. There are considered the advantages of this technology in comparison with the traditional techniques.



12.
PSEUDOSCIENCE AND EDUCATION

A. M. Konopkin
Ulyanovsk
Keywords: pseudoscience, education, scientific creationism, Islamic science, alternative science, Christian biology, theory of evolution

Abstract >>
The article deals with the analysis of the pseudoscience influence on education. The goal of the article is to study the impact of the so-called «religious sciences on education on the basis of the analysis of new international documents and the activity of creationists, as well as the adherents of the «Islamic science.



13.
METHODOLOGICAL IMPROVEMENT OF THE PROFESSIONAL CULTURE OF TEACHERS IN THEIR FOSTERING SPIRITUAL AND MORAL VALUES

S. P. Akutina
Arzamas
Keywords: teachers professional culture, methodological competences, spiritual and moral values of students

Abstract >>
The goal is to present some technologies of improving the methodological competences of teachers in their fostering spiritual and moral values of students. In the article the author describes the problems of the high-quality fulfillment of the educational tasks, standing before the modern teacher; the teachers personal characteristics necessary for efficient realization of the process of spiritual and moral upbringing; and the types of the teachers competences. There is presented an authors technology of improving the methodological competences which includes: writing down a methodological theme, organizing a psychological-pedagogical concilium, methodological training of tutors, working in a research laboratory, creating the teachers methodological diary (portfolio).



14.
THE THE METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF STUDYING PROFESSIONAL FORMATION OF THE PEDAGOGICAL TEAM

S. L. Fomenko
Ekaterinburg
Keywords: methodological foundations, methodological principles, systematic, active, professional formation of the pedagogical team

Abstract >>
In the article there are examined the problems of scientific research of the methodological foundations of professional formation of the schools pedagogical team. The specificities of the methodological foundations demand philosophical development of the professional bases of the research. The author makes a theoretical reflection on a new mission and new purpose of education. The main attention is paid to the approaches which form a scientific basis for the formation of the schools pedagogical team. In the article the principles of studyingthe professional formation of the pedagogical team, which would be adequate for the current situation, are formulated by analyzing the conditions of development and the tendencies of the pedagogical team considered as a component of culture.



15.
A MARKETING CONCEPTION OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION

S. G. Borisova
Novosibirsk
Keywords: quality of education, educational services, factors of the marketing environment of the higher educational establishment, corporative culture, marketing conception of management, marketing conception of the education quality improvement

Abstract >>
In the article there are analyzed some reasons of discrepancy between the quality of higher education and the job market needs, as well as the ways of resolving this problem. In particular, there is offered a marketing conception of improvement of the educational services quality for the Institute of Advertising and Public Relations (Novosibirsk Teachers Training University). The aim of this conception is to form loyalty of consumers and staff-members of the higher educational establishment. It presupposes introduction of the main marketing management principles, taking into consideration the peculiarity of the educational sphere. The main recommendations include: formation of the corporative culture on the basis of marketing thinking of the entire staff of the higher educational establishment; improvement of the career development system; building a new system of relations with the customers (including employers).



16.
A STUDY OF INTERRELATION BETWEEN COGNITIVE STYLES AND THE FEATURES OF PERSONAL SELF-REALIZATION

A. A. Klevtsov
Kemerovo
Keywords: style of activity, cognitive styles, self-realization, value-related orientations, personality features

Abstract >>
This work is devoted to studying the problem of interrelation between the stylistic characteristics of activity, such as cognitive styles, and the features of personal selfrealization. The author investigates several groups of people with various cognitive styles in the relation with their personal characteristics reflecting the features of selfrealization. The author propounds descriptions of the self-realization features of people with different cognitive styles.



17.
THE TECHNOLOGIES OF ENRICHING THE PERSONS INDIVIDUAL EXPERIENCE

V. M. Zhurakovskaya
Novokuznetsk
Keywords: the problem of the pedagogical technologies development, definition of personality, pedagogical technologies of enriching the students individual experience

Abstract >>
There is considered in the article the problem of development of the pedagogical technologies of enriching the individual experience of students on the basis of revealing various interpretations of the notion of pedagogical technology, its forms, structural components, indications and classifications of pedagogical technologies. The socialeconomicrequirements of the society, general directions of pedagogy in the XXI century, social demands to school, manifold approaches to the definition of personality are reflected upon. An authors definition of the notion of personality is suggested. It is substantiated that individual experience is a condition for manifestation and realization of individuality; a solution is proposed to the problem of development of the pedagogical technologies of enriching students individual experience.



18.
THE CREATIVELY ACTIVE PERSONALITY AS A PEDAGOGICAL NOTION

A. V. Enin, E. V. Lysenko
Voronezh
Keywords: activity, social activity, creativity, creative activity, components, system, educational work, creatively active personality

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to studying the philosophical, psychological and pedagogical bases of the notion of creative activity and the categories, which are closely connected with this notion such as personality, creativity, activity, upbringing of the creatively active personality, etc. The universal and phenomenal features of this notion are analyzed, and the characteristic of its essence and content is given.



19.
LIFE SELF-FULFILLMENT OF THE PERSON AS A SUBJECT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE

I. O. Loginova
Krasnoyarsk
Keywords: persons life self-fulfillment, self-organization, anthropological psychology

Abstract >>
In the article there are presented the general psychological aspects of studying the phenomenon of persons life self-fulfillment. The concept of persons life self-fulfillment is differentiated from the positions of philosophical,acmeological and psychological contexts. The theoretical-methodological substantiation of posing the problem of life self-fulfillment in psychology is given. It is shown that persons life self-fulfillment, acting as a subject of psychological knowledge, is a process based on transformation of human opportunity into potentiality, that is, into the forces taking the person outside the limits of his/her existence at those points, sectors, and segments of the life world where the human environment corresponds to his/her opportunities of appearance of new (value and meaning-related) dimensions.



20.
THE REASONS AND THE MECHANISMS OF ORIGINATION OF THE JUVENILES ASOCIAL BEHAVIOR

V. G. Petrovskaya
Kuybyshev
Keywords: deviance, deviation, asocial behavior, juvenile complex, the mechanism of formation of asocial behavior

Abstract >>
In the article there are determined the main reasons of origination of juveniles asocial behavior and described the mechanisms of its formation. The systematization is carried out of the material concerned the reasons of origination of juveniles asocial behavior. The risk of the asocial behavior origination is considerably higher in the adolescent age. The important reasons of its origination are the peculiarities of the adolescent age, which result in sharp reactions to the surroundings. The problems in communication of the child with parents, peers and teachers become a significant factor of origination of asocial behavior.



21.
THE HISTORIC-CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF YOUNG PEOPLES CIVIC VOLUNTEER INITIATIVES IN THE SOCIO-CULTURAL SPHERE OF LEISURE AND EDUCATION

G. V. Olenina
Barnaul
Keywords: civic initiatives, volunteer movement of the youth, socio-cultural sphere of leisure and education

Abstract >>
The article is devoted to the comparative historic-conceptual analysis of the social creative process of the civic volunteer initiatives of the youth in Russia and abroad. There is considered the 20th century retrospect and the modern state of development of the process of civic initiatives in the context of social education in Russia. There are studied the concepts of leisure and the social-cultural development of the society and the youth in the foreign scientific tradition, the volunteer movement abroad in the framework of charitable and civic activities. There are also analyzed the spatiotemporal continuum of leisure and the development of civic initiatives of the youth in the Russian educational institutions.