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Scientific journal “Vestnik NSUEM”

2017 year, number 4

1.
TO THE MANIPULATION IN INFORMATION SPACE

M.A. Alekseev, V.V. Glinskiy, N.V. Anokhin
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
Keywords: оценка информационных объектов, информационное пространство, манипуляции, рейтинги регионов, measurements of information objects, information space, manipulations, regions ratings

Abstract >>
Any open system of measurements, aimed at estimation of information objects in information space, creates the possibilities of results manipulation. The defining property of systems of measurement is their structuredness. In the context of the designated property of the system of accounting (financial) reporting and the algorithms of regions rating can also be referred to one level - formally structured systems of measurement, which creates the possibility of translation of the approaches of estimation of certainty of financial reporting to estimation of certainty of regional investment attractiveness. The authors methodology of estimation of misrepresentations in financial reporting, based on successive use of mathematical and statistical models (typology, clustering, multicriteria estimation) for construction of the resulting probabilistic model of integrated index, making it possible to reveal facts of misrepresentation of financial results of business activity and define the focus of the revealed misrepresentations, was developed and tested on existent populations to carry out the research. Convergence of key foundations of investment space of financial market and investment attractiveness of regions is shown. The experiment, making it possible to find similarities in bias (misrepresentation) of the investment climate upwards or downwards, is developed. Information base of the carried out research was formed by: data of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation; «Screen» data base of Russian companies by types of activity and regions; data of rating agencies; electronic network resources.
																								



2.
THE INTERACTION OF THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH OF SIBERIA: MANAGEMENT OF MULTIPLICATIVE EFFECTS

V.A. Kryukov, Ya.V. Kryukov
Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of Siberian Branch of the RАS, Academician Lavrentiev ave., 17, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Region, 630090
Keywords: экономическое развитие, мультипликативные эффекты, цепочки создания стоимости, научно-техническое обеспечение, economic development, multiplier effects, value chain, scientific and technical support

Abstract >>
One of the key problems of economic development of Siberia is space exploration. According to the authors opinion, there has been a very undesirable and unfortunate trend over the past 25 years, to make projects in the Arctic zone of the region autonomous from the development of economic centers located further South, mainly along the Trans-Siberian railway. However, the implementation of resource projects in the Arctic requires long-term and coordinated decisions and actions with great attention to the regional multiplier effects, which requires the creation of multilevel and multidimensional systems of interaction with a significant number of participants. Meanwhile, in the present, the effect of the implementation of the Arctic projects is evaluated primarily in terms of return on investment and revenue in the budget and reserve funds, while their influence on the regional socio-economic processes is not considered in a full range. In the authors opinion, such an evaluation of the effectiveness of oil and gas (especially the Arctic) projects cannot be considered correct. Obviously, it indicates the absence of a clear understanding of what the multiplicative effects include and how they work.
																								



3.
INTERACTION OF MEGA-REGIONS OF RUSSIA WITHIN ECONOMIC GROWTH STRATEGY

V.I. Suslov
Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the RAS, Academician Lavrentiev ave., 17, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Region, 630090
Keywords: экономический рост, эффекты межрегиональных взаимодействий, сальдо взаимодействий, равновесие, коалиция, ядро экономической системы, стратегия социально-экономического развития, economic growth, the effects of interregional interactions, the balance of interactions, equilibrium, coalition, economic system core, strategy of socio-economic development

Abstract >>
The report provides the results of the inter-regional economic relations analysis conducted with the application of Multiregional input-output model, the mathematical concepts of economic equilibrium and the theory of games, as well as methods of coalition analysis in accordance with which calculations for all possible coalitions of regions are carried out. The analysis shows that Federal districts in modern Russia are divided into donors and recipients exactly in half. «First level» donors are the North-Western and the far East Federal districts, «second level» donors are Siberian and Ural Federal districts. The Central Federal district, figuratively speaking, is a «parasite» on the «body of Russia». Its consumption of Russian Fund exceeds its input by more than a third. In addition, the author offers a classification and description of possible strategies for spatial socio-economic development of the country. One of the parts of this classification is based on the theories of economic equilibrium and game theory.
																								



4.
THE REGION FOOD SECURITY: INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO ASSESSING

G.V. Timofeyeva1, R.I. Akmaeva2, A.A. Aitpayeva2
1Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Vernadsky prospect, 84, Moscow, 119571
2Astrakhan State University, Str. Tatischeva, 20A, Astrakhan, Astrakhan region, 414056
Keywords: продовольственная безопасность, здоровье населения, концепция сбалансированного питания, методика оценки продовольственной безопасности, качество продовольствия, food security, population health, balanced nutrition concept, food safety assessment methodology, food quality

Abstract >>
The main goal of the article was to develop an innovative method for determining the level of food security in the region, taking into account the qualitative characteristics of food products in a particular area. The article considers the criteria for assessing food security, which should be considered at three levels: world, state and regional. The necessity of harmonizing the concepts of «food security» and «healthy nutrition», which determines the innovativeness of the approach to assessing food security, is grounded. The opportunity that favorably affects the life expectancy and health of the population, conditioned by the consumption by local residents of a particular area of local food products, whose chemical structure corresponds most closely to the enzyme systems of the human body, is argued. The proposed methodology for assessing the level of food security is tested on the example of the Volgograd region and can find application in other regions of Russia.
																								



5.
UNIVERSITIES AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE WORLD ECONOMIC LITERATURE

M.V. Lychagin1,2
1Novosibirsk National Research State University, Str. Pirogova, 2, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk region, 630090
2Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the RAS, Academician Lavrentiev ave., 17, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Region, 630090
Keywords: университет, предпринимательство, инновационный библиометрический анализ, EconLit, новые исследования, university, entrepreneurship, innovative bibliometric analysis, EconLit, new research

Abstract >>
Innovative bibliometric analysis based on the electronic bibliography EconLit for 1980-2017 is discussed in article. Author shows that at the beginning of the XXI century there was a sharp increase in the number of publications on the relationship between universities and entrepreneurship. Among the rapidly growing areas are «education and research institutes», «firm objectives and behavior», «research and development», «spatial analysis». At the same time, at the end of 2015, 90 % of the possible intersections of micro categories in the JEL subject classification were not covered. The analysis made it possible to identify a number of promising areas of research in the field of interaction between education (primarily the higher education) and important aspects of entrepreneurship. The report lists some useful scientific work-triggers that are available to Russian specialists.
																								



6.
EVOLUTION OF CAPACITY OF THE UNIVERSITIES IN DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL ECONOMY

I.V. Antokhonova
East Siberian State University of Technologies and Management, Str. Klyuchevskaya, 40B, page 1, Ulan-Ude, Rep. Buryatia, 670033
Keywords: цифровая экономика, университеты, вызовы, потенциал, глобальная конкуренция, экология общества, мультидисциплинарные исследования, коммерциализация технологий, digital economy, universities, challenges, potential, global competition, society ecology, multidisciplinary research, technology commercialization

Abstract >>
In the recent economic history of the country the development of universities took place in difficult conditions: the establishment of the institution of private property, liberalization of prices and falling incomes have caused an outflow of scientific personnel in private business. The subsequent period after the first financial crisis was characterized by the accession of the Russian universities to the Bologna process and increased international cooperation with Western universities. The pressure of state on universities has increased. Introduction of monitoring indicators, a series of mergers and acquisitions have led to prioritizing the implementation of indicators for accreditation and formalization of scientific research. During this difficult period, the digital economy changes the role of higher education as a driver of competitiveness of national economies. Digital technology is in demand in Russia and raise scientific and consumer interest. Their socialization and mobility are ahead of the level of development of universities, their technological base. The result is a significant outflow of young researchers. In this situation, the development strategy of higher educational establishments should be aimed at development of multidisciplinary research and the creation of platforms to achieve economic superiority in the markets of goods and services. A necessary condition of achievement of such purpose is investment into development of the human capital.
																								



7.
MOVEMENT AND TRANSFORMATION OF KNOWLEDGE IN THE ECONOMY

S.A. Filatov, L.Yu. Rudi
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
Keywords: знание, кругооборот знания, экономика, основанная на знаниях, управление знаниями, национальная инновационная система, knowledge, knowledge turnover, knowledge-based economy, knowledge management, national innovation system

Abstract >>
The dynamic aspect of a knowledge-based economy is explored in the article. For this purpose, the content of the concept «knowledge» is disclosed, and its various forms are given. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the process of movement (circulation) and the transformation of knowledge at the macrolevel and level of organizations. Circulation of knowledge in the economy is characterized as a process of successive passage of certain stages and return to the initial stage, but already at a qualitatively new turn of the movement. At each of these stages, knowledge is appropriately transformed, resulting in a change in its form, socio-economic and functional characteristics. The dynamic approach proposed by the authors to the study of a new model of the economy made it possible to more fully reveal its essential features, to comprehensively characterize the economic foundation of a postindustrial society. On the basis of this approach, a conclusion is made about the economic role of knowledge in the postindustrial economic system. The article substantiates the need to manage the circulation of knowledge as an innovative process, examines the opportunities and forms of managing the transformation of knowledge at the macro and micro levels of the economy.
																								



8.
STATISTICAL SURVEY OF ECOLOGICAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION IN THE CONTEXY OF THEIR INTERACTION

V.N. Afanasyev, I.V. Sirovatskaya
Orenburg State University, Pr. Pobedy ave., 13, Orenburg, Orenburg region, 460018
Keywords: моделирование, прогнозирование, исследование, взаимодействие, экологические процессы, социально-экономическое развитие, modeling, forecasting, survey, interaction, ecological processes, social and economic development

Abstract >>
Formation of the concepts of interaction of ecological, social and economic development of the region not only now but also in future requires a complex statistical survey, based on application of the system approach, when the subject of the study is a system of factors and results rather than influence of certain factors on processes of development and results. The article is focused on formation of the methods of statistical survey, which can be used as a basis of studying the regularities of change and interaction of economy, nature and society with regard to the system approach.
																								



9.
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE DETERMINATION OF THE PLACE OF MUNICIPAL EDUCATION IN THE ECONOMIC SPACE OF THE REGION

V.I. Kondratyeva, V.L. Pulyaevskaya
Strategic Research Center of the Republic of Sakha, Lenin Ave., 28, Yakutsk, Rep. Sakha (Yakutia), 677000
Keywords: пространственное развитие, валовой муниципальный продукт, муниципальное образование, долгосрочный прогноз, spatial development, gross municipal product, municipal entity, long-term forecast

Abstract >>
Huge territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and underdevelopment of transport and energy infrastructure predetermine the need for development of new approaches and algorithms of complex dimensional analysis of the level of social and economic condition of municipal formations. The article considers description of the system of indicators of data, which form the basis of the database and reflect spatial social and economic processes at the level of population clusters, municipal regions and economic zones of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). At the moment there are a lot of approaches to assessment of the level of development of territories. The whole variety of the methods, used for assessment of the level of development of municipal formations, comes down to two categories. The first group is based on determination of particular indicators and calculation of the generalizing index on their basis. The second group of methods includes econometric assessments, where efforts to reveal cause-effect relations of municipal development are carried out. Distribution of municipal formations by groups is presented in the basis of per capita municipal product indicator; the distribution makes it possible to assess the level of social and economic development and significance of each municipal formation for economy of the region. The contribution of Lensky district to formation of GRP of the republic is analyzed; the district holds leading positions in macroeconomic indicators and makes a significant contribution to social and economic development of the republic. Forecasts of spatial development of the region require consideration of the approaches to development of the economic and mathematical model of dynamic interrelation between factors of economic advancement with allowance for individual characteristics of the territories. The article presents a long-time forecast of GWP indicator for two scenarios of development of Lensky district as an example.
																								



10.
ON THE APPROACH TO THE ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF SINGLE-INDUSTRY TOWNS

M.S. Khvan, A.M. Bulkina
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
Keywords: моногород, анализ, социально-экономическое развитие, факторный анализ, дифференциация, single-industry towns, analysis, social and economic development, factor analysis, differentiation

Abstract >>
The article examines the problems of assessing the social and economic development of single-industry towns and presents an overview of existing approaches to this aspect. A methodical approach to assessing the social and economic development of single-industry municipal entities is proposed. It involves selection of indicators, their standardization, the integration of selected characteristics on the basis of factor analysis, calculation of the aggregated level of social and economic development, determination of the level of differentiation of social and economic development of single-industry towns and the identification of their stable groups. The developed methodical approach was tested on single-industry towns of the Siberian federal district.
																								



11.
LEASE IN ANALYTICAL ACCOUNTING PRACTICE: THE LOGIC OF IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

V.V. Kovalev
Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya Embankment, 7/9, St. Petersburg, 199034
Keywords: стандарты финансовой отчетности, профессиональные бухгалтерские институты, лизинг, финансовая аренда, операционная аренда, международные стандарты, сопоставимость, corporate reporting, professional accounting institutions, leasing, financial lease, operational lease, IFRS, GAAP, comparability

Abstract >>
The article describes the evolution of accounting lease legislation. The author revealed the logic of demarcation of term «lease» from accounting and financial position, motives and principles, which guided legislators when they were allocated. It’s established that the main reason of leases reflection reform in accounting and reporting is a real demonstration of financial dependence level of a business entity. This is due to the fact that, regardless of the criteria for identifying types of leases, companies are more likely to enter into contractual arrangements falling under the operating lease category. Projects of changes in standards of IFRS and domestic Russian accountant system are considered. It’s proved that there’s no possibility to achieve an absolute comparability of reporting data, arising at reporting transformation in IFRS format because of the existing rules of the domestic account. The author considers different ways of the decision of the specified problems.
																								



12.
ON SOME APPROACHES TO POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT OF THE BOND MARKET OF MACROREGIONS OF RUSSIA

N.V. Anokhin
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
Keywords: рынок облигаций, потенциал, инвестиционный климат, индексный метод, рейтинговые оценки, bond market, potential, investment climate, index approach, ranking scores

Abstract >>
The article considers methodological approaches of obtaining qualitative assessments of potential of the regional bond market in view of the federal districts of the Russian Federation, degree of development of the market and its possible growth. The potential of development of the regional bond market was assessed in two aspects: potential bond market volume in a region («region - investor») and potential number of bonds issued («region - issuer»). Open official statistics data, characterizing investment opportunities and needs of macroregions most adequately, as well as agency Expert RA expert estimation of the investment potential of the regions of the Russian Federation were used to obtain qualitative assessment of the market potential. The survey results were followed by assessment of the degree of actual realization of potential of the bond market in federal districts of the Russian Federation. Index approach was used for analysis, assessment and comparison of the degree of realization of potential of the bond market by federal districts of the Russian Federation. Clustering of macroregions by integral index has been carried out. On the basis of the performed model analysis the article gives estimation and makes a forecast of development of the obligation market by regions with allowance for the factors, characterizing investment climate in macroregions and its influence on realization of their investment potential qualitatively. The Agency for Strategic Initiatives data of the ranking of the investment climate condition in regions and agency Expert RA data on indices of investment risk in regions were used for calculations. The conclusions of the possible growth of volumes of the bond market in the Russian Federation, as well as of the necessary measures, were drawn.
																								



13.
TAX REPORTING AS A TOOL OF TAX CONTROL IN THE REGION

S.D. Nadezhdina1, T.G. Khramtsova1, G.V. Maksimova2
1Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
2Baikal State University, Str. Lenina, 11, Irkutsk, Irkutsk region., 664003
Keywords: налоговая отчетность, принципы, требования, критерии формирования, современная технология представления, налоговый контроль, tax reporting, principles, requirements, criteria of formation, modern reporting technology, tax control

Abstract >>
A necessary condition for the successful tax management, to ensure the performance of the state tax policy is tax control, and tax audit as one of the forms of which. Improving the way they are conducted allows identifying «unreliable» taxpayers with the aim of increasing the effectiveness of field tax audits in the region. Since the data of the tax reporting are the basis of the information base for carrying out tax inspections, increasing the efficiency of tax control is inextricably linked to the problem of improving the tax declarations (calculations) regarding the tax liabilities of economic subjects. Analysis of the key issues allowed forming principles of formation, requirements for information disclosure and assumptions for the preparation of tax reporting system, the criteria for the selection of items to optimize its structure. The use of the criteria in the design of new tax reporting formats with introduction of modern information technologies will optimize it to effectively meet the information needs of users: the tax authorities - in the implementation of the tax control, the taxpayers - to optimize the process of preparation of tax reports and reporting to tax authorities, government agencies - to improve normative legislation on taxes and tax control.
																								



14.
OPTIMAL APPROACHES TO ASSESSMENT OF VALUE OF DIRECT INVESTMENT FUNDS AT STAGES OF THEIR CREATION, MONITORING AND CLOSING

Yu.M. Emokhonova
Agency for Investment Attraction and Protection of Kemerovo Region, Pine Boulevard, 1, Kemerovo, 650001
Keywords: фонд прямых инвестиций, подходы к оценке, методы оценки, стоимость фонда, direct investment fund, approaches to assessment, methods of assessment, value of fund

Abstract >>
Effective management of a direct investment fund and determination of return on investment require determination of the optimal approaches to assessment of value of direct investment funds at the stage of their creation, monitoring and closing. The article considers classic and modern approaches and methods of assessment of companies in the fund portfolio; main advantages and disadvantages and use cases of each approach are revealed; optimal approaches and methods of assessment of funds depending on the stage of fund functioning are defined.
																								



15.
ISSUES OF PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF THE LEGISLATIVE MACHINE OF DETERMINATION OF LABOR COSTS AND VOLUME OF IMPLEMENTATION OF SERVICES IN WATER AND SANITATION FIELD

Yu.S. Gembik1,2, S.A. Gorodkova3
1Vodokanal-Chita, Str. Zabaikalsky Worker, 63, Chita, 672067
2Zabaikalsk State University, Str. Aleksandro-Zavodskaya, 30, Chita, Transbaikalian Territory, 672039
3Zabaikalskiy Enterprise Institute, Str. Leningrad, 16, Chita, Chita region, 672086
Keywords: тариф на водоснабжение и водоотведение, жилищно-коммунальное хозяйство, фонд оплаты труда, объем реализации услуг, темп изменения, нормирование, водоканал, необходимая валовая выручка, water and sanitation tariff, housing and utilities sector, wages funds, volume of implementation of services, rate of change, rationing, water canal, required gross proceeds

Abstract >>
The article presents a practical interpretation of the issues, faced by water and sewage utilities enterprises at formation and protection of water and sanitation tariffs. As a result of statistical analysis of deviations of estimated volumes of implementation of water and sanitation services, confirmed at calculation of the tariffs for the next regulatory period, against their actual value, an estimate of precision of the applied formula of calculation was given and another mechanism of calculation of volumes of implementation of services, based on the principle of actuality of time period, was offered. Mechanisms of determination of the normative number of operating staff and labor costs at tariffs calculation were examined. A new method of calculation of the Russian uniform wage fund in water and sewage utilities on the basis of the federal level minimum wage was offered.
																								



16.
THE IMPACT OF TAX RATES ON THE ACTIVITY OF RUSSIAN SMALL BUSINESS IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY AND CONSTRUCTION

K.A. Tumanyants1, O.V. Fisher1, E.D. Sinitsyna2
1Volgograd State University, Ave. University, 100, Volgograd, Volgograd region, 400062
2OOO В«Tehnosport», Embankment of the 62nd Army, 60, Volgograd, Volgograd Region, 400005
Keywords: налоговая ставка, метод В«разность разностейВ», малый бизнес, занятость, оборот, предпринимательство, tax rate, method В«differenсе in differencesВ», small business, employment, turnover, entrepreneurship

Abstract >>
The impact of tax rates on the development of Russian small business in the manufacturing sector and the construction is estimated by the method «differenсе in differences». Rosstat data for the period from 2006 to 2014 for all subjects of the Russian Federation and regional laws on the tax rate on the difference of income and expenses for the simplified taxation system are used as the information base. Findings indicate that the lack of response of small business tax incentives with the exception of the number of construction companies per capita.
																								



17.
80 YEARS OF NOVOSIBIRSK REGION: ACHIEVED POSITION

A.A. Kiselnikov, O.V. Konotoptseva
Territorial Authority Federal State Statistics Service for the Novosibirsk Region, Str. Kainskaya, 6, Novosibirsk, 630007
Keywords: Новосибирская область, экономический потенциал, агропромышленный комплекс, транспортно-логистический комплекс, научно-образовательный комплекс, трансакционный сектор, Novosibirsk region, economic potential, agroindustrial complex, transport and logistics complex, science and education complex, transaction sector

Abstract >>
Officially the year of Novosibirsk region founding considered 1937, when Siberian district was separated into Novosibirsk Region and Altai Territory. If we will be guided by another criterion, birthday of our region must be different, because from Novosibirsk Region a number of cities and districts were separated, of which in 1943 Kemerovo Region and in 1944 Tomsk Region were founded. At the same time four administrative districts were transferred from Altai Territory to our region. At the moment of the Soviet Union’s collapse, Novosibirsk Region was one of the most powerful regions on the east of the country. Today economic structure of region is about the Russian average. It is characterized by that sort of structural anomaly: the transaction sector (trade, financial services, dealing with securities, real estate activities) is almost twice the real sector of economy. The Siberian Federal District’s position is worse than the Russian average by all of the most relevant indicators. This is due to the fact that almost all the advantages of our macroregion were negated and disadvantages (cold, distance, poor infrastructure, etc.) stayed. Novosibirsk region stands out with two indicators: positive migration balance and anomalously high growth rates and volume of housing construction.
																								



18.
ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE SOVIET UNION AND GERMANY THROUGHOUT THE 1930S AND EARLY 1940S

I.V. Popov1, S.V. Golodov2
1Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Vernadskogo Ave., 76, Moscow, 119454
2Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Stremyannyi per., 36, Moscow, 115093
Keywords: тоталитаризм, авторитарный режим, национал-социализм, советский экспансионизм, модернизация, индустриализация, милитаризация экономики, totalitarianism, authoritarian regime, National Socialism, Soviet expansionism, modernization, industrialization, militarization of the economy

Abstract >>
The attempts of some experts, which have become more frequent during the last decade, to present the USSR and the Third Reich as similar totalitarian regimes, as a rule, are based on certain ideological and economic stereotypes. In this article, the authors evaluate the legitimacy of using the definition of «totalitarian regime» applied to the Soviet Union and Germany before the Second World War. Comparative analysis of the economic modernization is given. Recognizing some similar elements in their economic development, the authors review fundamental differences, both in the ideology and purposes of economic reforms. Based on this analysis, the authors come to a number of topical conclusions.
																								



19.
SEGMENT DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOOD-AND-PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN THE PROGRAMMES AND STRATEGIES OF THE REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

V.V. Melnikov1,2
1Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
2Novosibirsk State Technical University, Karla Marksa Ave., 20, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk reg., 630073
Keywords: стратегическое планирование, промышленная политика, пищевая и перерабатывающая промышленность, региональная экономика, strategic planning, industrial policy, food-and-processing industry, regional economy

Abstract >>
A number of documents on strategic economic planning are considered that highlight proposals on expanding segment output in the food-and-processing industry in some regions of the Russian Federation. The main study objective is to evaluate possible alternative developments of the analyzed industry in the Novosibirsk region in view of planning in the neighbouring regions, and regional tactical goal development priorities. The documents have been compared based on such indicators as industry development priorities by regions, intermediary regulatory goals, influencing external factors, methods of regulation, systems of measures designed to develop enterprises in the sectors of food-and-processing industry, etc. The paper contains an aggregated table of the documents that meet the content relevance criteria and gives an analytical characterization of the evaluated programs and strategies.
																								



20.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN TERMS OF UNEMPLOYMENT: SOCIOLOGICAL ASPECT

N.M. Volovskaya
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
Keywords: предпринимательство, самозанятость, безработные граждане, служба занятости, проблемы, государственная поддержка, entrepreneurship, self-employment, unemployed population, the employment service, problems, state support

Abstract >>
The report presents the results of a survey of entrepreneurs who have started their own business being unemployed. The survey covers three areas of entrepreneurship: individual entrepreneurship, farming and self-employment in the conditions of private farming. The role and support of the employment service in the region is shown. The scope and types of entrepreneurial activity, conditions of its implementation are reviewed. Particular emphasis is placed on the sociological aspects of self-employment: motivation, training needs, change in the socio-psychological state, financial situation in the entrepreneural environment, family support, etc. The problems hindering the development of entrepreneurship in villages, districts and cities of the Novosibirsk region are identified: difficulties with rent, financial problems, high interest rates on loans, administrative barriers unemployed citizens faced when opening and running their own business. The effective types of state support for the unemployed are defined.
																								



21.
SOCIAL CAPITAL AS RESOURCE OF PARTIES TO CONFLICT

E.V. Pustovalova
Altai State University, Lenina Ave., 61, Barnaul, Altai Territory, 656049
Keywords: социальный капитал, конфликт, участник конфликта, ресурс, социальные связи, social capital, conflict, party to conflict, resource, social ties

Abstract >>
The content of the article is aimed at apprehension of the possibilities of social capital as a resource for parties to conflict. The study reveals modern specifics of the content of social capital, stipulated by intensive development of information technologies and consolidation of the role of social media in system of social relations. Significance of social ties and quality of their possibilities for provision of assistance to parties to conflict situation are noted. Special characteristics of the content of social capital, influencing conflict management process, are revealed.
																								



22.
OPPORTUNITIES OF LOBBYING IN POLITICAL STRUCTURES

Z.N. Sergeeva
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Karla Marksa Ave., 20, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk reg., 630073
Keywords: лоббирование, манипулирование, институционализация, элиты, сферы деятельности, законодательное собрание, lobbying, manipulation, institutionalization, elite, scope of work, legislative Assembly

Abstract >>
For Russian society over the past twenty years the problem of lobbying, as a form of manipulative practices were exacerbated by the transformation of the political regime. The socio-political crisis, the struggle for spheres of political and economic influence, the collapse of the Communist ideology, the devaluation of social values - all together this led to habitualization lobbying. The change of elites at all levels: Federal, regional, municipal, local led to the need to look for a new advocacy strategy appropriate to the new conditions. The analysis of documents, lists of elected deputies, published on the official websites of the eight considered legislative bodies of subjects of the Siberian Federal district to identify priority areas for lobbying activities of a particular region, you can highlight a specific feature.
																								



23.
THE PROFESSIONAL CULTURE IN THE PUBLISHING HOUSES OF TRANSLATED POPULAR SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE ON THE NATURAL SCIENCES

I.S. Sokolova
Moscow Polytechnic University, Bolshaya Semenovskaya St., 38, Moscow, 107023
Keywords: профессиональная культура, издательство, научно-популярная книга, переводная книга, книга по естествознанию, professional culture, publishing house, popular scientific book, translated book, book on the natural sciences

Abstract >>
The basic principles of functioning of professional culture of employees of the modern Russian publishing houses publishing translated popular scientific books on the natural sciences are considered: accounting of features of the natural sciences, ensuring scientific character, availability, connectivity and entertaining of statement, cooperation of various highly skilled staff of publishing house, understanding of a place and a role of the modern popular scientific translated book in the system of diverse forms of communication.
																								



24.
RESEARCH STRATEGIES FOR FORMING THE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF THE FOOD INDUSTRY OF DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

K.S. Raupov
Polytechnic Institute, Str. Lenin, 226, Khujand, Tajikistan, 735700
Keywords: пищевая промышленность, продовольственная безопасность, конкуренция, преимущества, объем, стратегия, бренд, food industry, food security, competition, advantages, volume, strategy, brand

Abstract >>
The importance of this study is due to the fact that at present one of the key tasks of any government is providing and guaranteeing national security, including both energy and food components. Food is a material basis for the existence of society. Worldwide, the problem of food security is linked not only to the economy of the state and the people’s well-being of all countries of the world, but also to ensuring peace and security on earth. In this regard, this article analyzes the strategy of the food industry in developed countries that have made great strides in creating competitive advantages.
																								



25.
PROPRIETARY RIGHTS, TRANSACTIONS, MARKETS. WHO IS THE OWNER OF SEX, HOW TO AVOID BLACKMAIL AND WHAT IS COMMON BETWEEN THE DOUGHNUT, THE APPLE AND THE ORANGE?

A.V. Shmakov1,2
1Novosibirsk State Technical University, Karla Marksa Ave., 20, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk reg., 630073
2NovosibirskState University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
Keywords: экономическая теория, права собственности, трансакция, сделка, договор, рынок, economics, property rights, transaction, bargain, contract, market

Abstract >>
The article deals with the basic economic concepts of proprietary rights, transaction, bargain, contract and market. The author emphasizes the need to develop a common system of concepts that meet the internal goals of social disciplines and allows forming an integrated idea of the behavior of economic actors.