Publishing House SB RAS:

Publishing House SB RAS:

Address of the Publishing House SB RAS:
Morskoy pr. 2, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia



Advanced Search

Earths Cryosphere

2022 year, number 1

1.
"EARTHS CRYOSPHERE" JOURNAL IS 25!

V.P. Melnikov1, V.E. Tumskoy2, N.V. Arutyunyan1, O.M. Lisitsyna3, N.G. Belova1,3, O.V. Levochkina1, G.E. Oblogov1
1Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Malygina str. 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russia
2Melnikov Permafrost Institute, SB RAS, Merzlotnaya str. 36, Yakutsk, 677010, Russia
3Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Keywords: Earths cryosphere, cryology, journal, editorial staff

Abstract >>
The journal "Earth Cryosphere" is the only scientific journal in Russia aimed at comprehensive coverage of the entire spectrum of problems of Earth cryology. Currently, articles submitted to the editorial board are divided into 23 headings, reflecting the achievements of numerous scientific disciplines studying the cryosphere (geology, geography, biology, soil science, mathematics, physics, chemistry, etc.). Since 2014, an English version of the journal called "Earths Cryosphere" has been published in electronic form. For 25 years, the journal has published more than a thousand articles sent from 180 organizations. The journal currently has a high rating among Russian periodicals of the geological and geographical direction.
																								



2.
VARIATIONS IN THERMAL DIFFUSIVITY OF THE TUNDRA COVER ACCORDING TO THE DATA OF FIELD OBSERVATIONS DURING THE SUMMER PERIOD

S.G. Kornienko
Oil and Gas Research Institute, RAS, Gubkina str. 3, Moscow, 119333, Russia
Keywords: thermal diffusivity, land cover, tundra, air temperature, humidity

Abstract >>
Thermometric observations in the area of the Yamburg oil and gas condensate field in summer have been used to calculate the thermal diffusivity (K) coefficients of moss (Sphagnum fuscum), bushy lichen (Cladonia arbuscula), and two-layer samples of soil-vegetation cover, consisting of mixed vegetation (Empetrum nigrum, Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Carex arctisibirica) of different thickness and sandy soil. The thermal diffusivity for sphagnum moss and lichen have been calculated for the periods with different meteorological conditions. The K values, obtained during the experiment, are quite close to the previously published values of the thermal diffusivity for similar types of the land cover. An amplitude of daily temperature fluctuations at a depth of 12 cm under the cover samples decreases by 84-94 %. The amplitude of fluctuations decreases by 37 % in the upper layer of the cover with a thickness of 4.2-6.4 cm, depending on a type of the cover. An abnormally high increase in the thermal diffusivity of sphagnum moss was noted with an increase in air humidity and precipitation by the end of summer. This fact confirms the unique thermal insulation properties of sphagnum moss, which ensure the conservation of ice wedges in drained areas. It was found that at average daily air temperatures below 27 C and relative air humidity above 49 %, the K values of the studied samples of the land cover can serve as indicators of their thermal insulation properties.
																								



3.
TRACES OF CRYOGENIC PROCESSES IN THE LATE PLEISTOCENE SEDIMENTS OF THE PUR-TAZ INTERFLUVE (WEST SIBERIA)

E.A. Slagoda1,2,3, A.A. Novoselov2, E.S. Koroleva1, A.O. Kuznetsova1, V.I. Butakov3, Ya.V. Tikhonravova4, E.P. Zazovskaya5
1Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Malygina str. 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russia
2Tyumen State University, Volodarskogo str. 6, Tyumen, 625003, Russia
3Tyumen Industrial University, Volodarskogo str. 38, Tyumen, 625000, Russia
4Melnikov Permafrost Institute, SB RAS, Merzlotnaya str. 36, Yakutsk, 677010, Russia
5Institute of Geography, RAS, Staromonetny per. 29, Moscow, 119017, Russia
Keywords: cryogenic structure, post-cryogenic formations, origin of sediments, sediment age, sediment compositio, microstructure of sediments, authigenic minerals

Abstract >>
Reconstruction of paleoenvironmental conditions, origin of sediments and permafrost evolution as well as identification of cryogenic and paleocryogenic formations based on sediment cores (small fragments of geological record) are among key scientific problems of cryolithology. We have analyzed grain-size distribution, geochemistry, and water content of sediments from the permafrost section in the North of Pur-Taz interfluve (West Siberia). Moreover, we have described the floristic composition of plant remnants, their age and the cryostructures found within these sediments. Optical and electron microscopy revealed the micromorphological features of thin sections and specimens of rocks. Based on the sediment core data from the borehole, we have established the alluvial, lacustrine and proluvial origin of sediments. Furthermore, we have reconstructed the conditions of sedimentation in this area and have established the Karginsky age of these sediments. This age corresponds to formation of 3rd lacustrine-alluvial plain in the lower course of Taz river. The conditions of early diagenetic transformations of sediments as well as epigenetic and syngenetic permafrost were reconstructed based on cryogenic and post-cryogenic formations, cryostructures, microstructure and authigenic minerals. We were also able to reconstruct the Late Pleistocene sequences of freeze-thaw cycles in the upper part of the permafrost section of the Pur-Taz interfluve.
																								



4.
CURRENT STATE OF GLACIAL LAKES ON SVALBARD

R.A. Chernov1, K.V. Romashova2
1Institute of Geography, RAS, Staromonetniy per. 29, Moscow, 119017, Russia
2Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Bering str. 38, Saint Petersburg, 199397, Russia
Keywords: glacial lakes, ice-contact lake, glacier retreat, lake area, Svalbard

Abstract >>
The current state and the quantitative estimates of glacial lakes on Svalbard are presented. These lakes were formed in depressions under modern recession of glaciation of the archipelago. Based on Norwegian aerial photography 2008-2012 and mosaics of Maxar Vivid 2013-2019 images of Svalbard area, 629 new glacial lakes have been identified. These lakes are located on deglaciated areas. A map of new lakes and their distribution by territory and altitudes are presented. Most of glacial lakes are located in western and southern parts of Svalbard, where large-scale glacier retreat has been noted. At the same time, new glacial lakes are formed mostly in the northern and eastern parts of the archipelago where most of the lakes have ice coasts. The total length of ice coasts of 306 lakes was (233.8 0.6) km in 2008-2019, which is comparable to the length of the fronts of the outlet glaciers of Svalbard. The total area of glacial lakes is (173.1 0.7) km², and their total water volume ranges from 2.1 to (2.3 0.1) km³.
																								



5.
ANALYSIS OF SHORT-RANGE SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL RELATIONSHIPS IN THE ICE DATA SET for NORTHERN HEMISPHERE

V.M. Fedorov, D.M. Frolov
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Keywords: sea ice area, Northern hemisphere, dynamics, spatial and temporal relationships, spatial heterogeneity, spatial anisotropy

Abstract >>
Autocorrelation characteristics of long-term time series of cells with the size of 1 x 1 of the sea ice area data array for the Northern Hemisphere are obtained. The temporal heterogeneity and spatial anisotropy in long-term variability of the sea ice area in the Northern Hemisphere are determined. The closest relationships between long-term monthly values of the sea ice area are typical for summer months. More than 49 % of maximum values of pair correlation coefficient are due to the connection of June and July, as well as July and August multi-year series in the array cells. This effect is a consequence of intense and massive summer melting of sea ice in the Northern Hemisphere and similarity of their long-term variability. The closest relationships in the neighboring cells of the array between the long-term monthly values of the sea ice area in all months of the year are noted for the east - west latitudinal direction. It accounts for more than 87 % of all maximum values of correlation coefficient. Spatial anisotropy is revealed throughout the entire area to the north of the Arctic Circle. The reason for this effect is determined by the features of sea ice seasonal formation (mainly from high latitudes to low latitudes) and melting (from low latitudes to high latitudes). These features are associated with seasonal changes in insolation. Long-term changes in sea ice area have similar direction and are determined by changes in meridional gradient of insolation. Another reason may be mainly meridional direction of sea ice drift in the Arctic Ocean. Areas with high and low levels of short-range spatial and temporal relationships in sea ice area dynamics in the Northern Hemisphere are determined.
																								



6.
GEORADAR STUDIES OF GROUND ICE IN THE COMPLEX OF ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS

D.V. Kopylov1,2, M.R. Sadurtdinov2, S.Yu. Yanin1
1Tyumen Petroleum Research Center, P/O box 747, Tyumen, 625000, Russia
2Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Malygina str. 86, Tyumen, 625026, Russia
Keywords: attribute analysis, ground-penetrating radar, engineering and geological surveys, cryolithozone, ice-ground

Abstract >>
The results of ground-penetrating radar studies in the complex of engineering and geological surveys at the design site of the cluster site of an oil and gas field in an area with a continuous spread of permafrost soils are considered. Drilling of geological wells with core sampling have revealed the presence of an ice ground lens with an ice content of up to 90 %. Comparison of the drilling results and the characteristic wave pattern on the ground-penetrating radar sections have allowed us to identify the area of abnormal changes in soil properties, which is interpreted as an ice-ground lens. High-amplitude diffractions of an electromagnetic wave are distinguished at the ice-ground-peat boundary, which, according to the authors, are due to the presence of wedge ice bodies. The lens of the ice ground has been contoured and its approximate volume has been calculated with the help of attribute analysis.
																								



7.
NELLA ALEXANDROVNA SHPOLYANSKAYA (to the anniversary)

L.I. Zotova1, G.G. Osadchaya2
1Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia
2Ukhta State Technical University, Senyukova str. 13, Republic of Komi, Ukhta, 169300, Russia
Keywords: permafrost science, ground ice, paleogeography, climate dynamics

Abstract >>
January 20, 2022 marks the anniversary of Nella Alexandrovna Shpolyanskaya, a well-known permafrost scientist focuseds on ground ice history, Doctor of Geographical Sciences, now a professor at the department of ecology, land management and nature management, Ukhta State Technical University.
																								



8.
A HIGH HONOUR AWARDED TO PERMAFROST SCIENTISTS FOR THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO RUSSIAN-GERMAN COOPERATION IN ARCTIC RESEARCH

O.I. Alekseeva1, Anne Morgenstern2
1Melnikov Permafrost Institute, SB RAS, Merzlotnaya str. 36, Yakutsk, 677010, Russia
2Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Telegrafenberg A45, Potsdam, 14473, Germany
Keywords: Russian-German scientific cooperation, Arctic, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany

Abstract >>
Dr. Mikhail Nikolaevich Grigoriev, Deputy Director of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute SB RAS (Yakutsk, Russia) and Prof. Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten, former director of the Potsdam Unit of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (Potsdam, Germany) were awarded the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in recognition of their outstanding contributions to the development of Russian-German cooperation in Arctic research. The ceremony of bestowal took place in the MPIs conference hall in Yakutsk on October 6, 2021.
																								



9.
EDUARD VASILEVICH SEVERSKII (08.05.1940-09.10.2021)

M.N. Zheleznyak, M.N. Grigoriev, A.N. Fedorov, R.V. Zhang, V.V. Shepelev, O.I. Alekseeva
Melnikov Permafrost Institute, SB RAS, Merzlotnaya str. 36, Yakutsk, 677010, Russia
Keywords: Eduard Vasilevich Severskii, Asian alpine permafrost

Abstract >>
Eduard V. Severskii, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, head of the Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory at the Melnikov Permafrost Institute, passed away on October 9, 2021. An eminent scholar and highly qualified permafrost researcher, Severskii devoted his career to the study and mapping of seasonally and perennially frozen ground and cryogenic phenomena in the high mountains of Central Asia. The fond memory of the remarkable scientist and personality will remain in our hearts forever.