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Scientific journal Vestnik NSUEM

2020 year, number 4

1.
TALENT MANAGEMENT - THE TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT

Yu.G. Odegov, M.N. Kulapov, P.A. Karasev
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: talent, talent management, talent war, talent development, talent poaching, talent characterization

Abstract >>
In the industrial system, the organization of labor had to be carried out exactly according to the regulations and instructions written by the designer of the work. In the postindustrial economy, the ideology of labor organization is changing. At the dawn of postindustrialization, such concepts as «decent work, «humanization of labor, «rotation of work, «development of human resources, «enrichment of labor, etc. are widely used. At the same time, the trends of «professionalization of labor and its autonomy began to appear. Step by step, the multi-disciplinary nature of labor grew, when from the post-operative Taylorist-Ford organization of labor began to move to a multi-operational, based on the combination of functions and professions. The emphasis is on creating holistic models of attractive decent work, reducing the distance between different categories of employees, primarily managers and workers. Unlike in the past, prevention, repair and reprogramming of equipment is assigned to the main staff. This indicates a flexible organization of not only production, but also labor. Thus, the employee is freed from the «dictates of machines and bureaucratic instruction, and is given the freedom to choose decisions and actions while increasing responsibility and risk for the successful performance of work. It becomes the main link in the technological process. When creating new jobs, it is also necessary to take into account the fact that the employee entering the labor market is changing today. The quality of the labor force is improving: the employees educational level and competence are growing, and the process of development and training becomes continuous throughout life. The professional space of the employee is also developing, which is manifested in the emergence of new, sometimes hybrid professions related to receiving, transmitting, and processing information in its various forms and ensuring the sustainable development of the information environment. There is a transformation of the place and role of the employee in social production. These changes allow us to speak about the formation of a new type of employee, characterized by a high educational level, knowledge of information and communication technologies (ICT), having the skills to work with complex intellectual equipment, independent and creative thinking, activity and responsibility in their actions, high ability to self-organization, based on creativity in work, that is, the employee becomes creative. The new nature of work, manifests itself, on one side of individualization, it characterizes the weakening of relations of the employee with a certain social environment (workers become more mobile and less dependent on the firms in which they work), the conclusion of individual labour agreements, the personification of the system of motivation of personnel, and on the other - to increase the creative content of the work and turning it into a means of human self-realization. In this regard, the nature of employee management changes, since it becomes not only the object of management, but also its subject - an individual developing within a certain cultural tradition. Talent management, in contrast to HR processes, through which the operational management of personnel is carried out, focuses special attention on employees as the most important single asset that has a strategic focus. The article discusses the search for talented employees in the organization, highlights the characteristic features of modern approaches to managing them (employees), and in particular, the tools for this work, which are constantly being improved.



2.
THE ECONOMIC SECURITY OF THE NETWORK AND INTERACTION OF ECONOMIC AGENTS: NEOINSTITUTIONAL APPROACH

N.N. Makarova1, G.V. Timofeeva2, I.V. Blinova-Sychkar1
1Volgograd Cooperative Institute, Volgograd, Russian Federation
2Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: economic security, network interaction, transaction costs, inter-firm cooperation, institutional

Abstract >>
The article presents the conceptual basis for institutionalization of economic security of network interaction of economic entities, taking into account their coherence in the aspect of neoinstitutional theory. The study revealed the economic significance and composition of transaction costs of network interaction of economic entities in the context of economic security, which allows us to consider their optimization as one of the main modern directions of ensuring the stability of the formed joint business partnership.



3.
COMMUNAL PROPERTY AS A RESERVATION FOR ENTREPRENEURS IN THE DIGITIZED HARBERGER SYSTEM. PROSPECTS FOR MAINTAINING CONTROL

I.V. Anokhov
Baikal State University, Irkutsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: property, rights, digitalization, Harberger, theory of inventive problem solving, communal property, control, artel, community

Abstract >>
The purpose of the article is to study changes in entrepreneurial activity after the extreme digitalization of economic activity and the introduction of A. Harberger's system. The work uses the methodology of the theory of inventive problem solving, with the help of which the consequences of digitalization of property relations and the implementation of A. Harberger's system are assessed. In accordance with this theory, all objects of entrepreneurial property are subdivided into elements such as "engine", "working body", "transmission", "calculator", "energy source". It is argued that as a result of digitalization, these elements will acquire independence and flexibility in combination. In this case, the "calculator" will be the dominant and most expensive element. As a result of these processes, all technologies for making a profit become generally known, and objects of entrepreneurial property become publicly available. As a result, entrepreneurial activity will remain only in those segments of the economy that can function without the participation of a computer and where the use of a collective form of ownership is possible. To maintain entrepreneurial activity, the article proposes to create internal collective offshore companies, whose residents will use special taxation and property administration regimes. The possibility of maintaining control over them with the help of quantitative dependencies between different functional levels of entrepreneurial activity is substantiated.



4.
ECONOMIC GROWTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT: ECOLOGICAL KUZNETS CURVE FOR EASTERN EUROPE AND BALTIC STATES

I.P. Bobrova1, R.M. Shakhnovich2
1Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Siberian University of Consumer Cooperatives, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: economic growth, environment, environmental Kuznets curve, economic policy, ecology

Abstract >>
The issue of relation between economic growth and state of environment remains one of the debatable in modern economic science both in theory and in terms of making practical recommendations for carrying out economic policy. One of the most promising is the approach based on the idea of the environmental Kuznets curve, suggested by G. Grossman and A. Krueger. Our study is concerned with the assessment of the environmental Kuznets curve for Eastern Europe and Baltic states. The analysis is based on the data covering 16 Eastern Europe and Baltic states. This country group was selected as the target of the research since these countries are relatively similar in their institutional structure of economic management and rarely form target of studies. World Bank Development Indicators and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development are data sources.



5.
DIFFERENTIATION OF PUBLIC OPINION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT OF FEDERAL LAWS: A STATISTICAL ASPECT

K.A. Zaykov, E.V. Makaridina, L.K. Serga, E.S. Shmarikhina
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: territorial unevenness, differentiation of public opinion, Google Forms, sample survey, electronic questionnaire, satisfaction of citizens, statistical inference, typology

Abstract >>
In order to identify the level of awareness and satisfaction of citizens with the measures taken to regulate public relations in specific areas of legislation, monitoring of the enforcement of existing and newly introduced laws is used. Monitoring is based on a sociological survey and statistical methodology. The first explores the subjective perception of the population of the effectiveness of the mechanism of public administration. With the correct formation of the sample, the data obtained using statistical inference can be extended to the entire population and the general patterns of the process under study can be investigated. The authors carried out a sociological survey on the enforcement of four federal laws. In addition to the obtained section of public opinion on the awareness and satisfaction of citizens with the functioning of the laws under study, the paper also presents an analysis of the territorial differentiation of public opinion on law enforcement, the uneven development of civic activity in the regional context, and the development of civil society in Russia.



6.
EVALUATION OF DEA-MODEL DINAMIC EFFICIENCY OF SIBERIAN REGIONS INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT

N.O. Chistyakova, A.A. Mikhalchuk
National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: DEA-model dynamic efficiency, catching-up and advanced development, simulation modeling, analysis of variance

Abstract >>
Urgency of research is determined by the problem of Russias lagging behind in innovative development from the worlds leading countries. The testing of the DEA-model dynamic efficiency toolkit was carried out to assess the innovative development of the SFD regions. The following results were obtained: the DEA-efficiency indicators of the regions based on the aggregate of resource indicators and the results of the 2-stage model «Generation - Knowledge Commercialization; the simulation space of the regions was built in the coordinates of the indicators of resources and results; the heterogeneity of static and dynamic indicators of the efficiency of regions was revealed.



7.
MODELING OF RELATIONS OF STATE BUDGET REVENUES FROM FACTORS

T. S. Trofimchuk
Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ufa, Russian Federation
Keywords: econometric modeling, GRP, budget revenues, investments, PFO subjects, Republic of Bashkortostan

Abstract >>
The article considers models of dependence of income of budgets of regions (subjects of the Russian Federation and PFO) on various factors. The economic factors chosen are types of taxes - income tax of organizations, NDFL, property tax and free revenues. The second part of the article is devoted to the analysis of the dynamics of GRP, revenues, investments in fixed assets and their relations in the Republic of Bashkortostan for 2010-2017.



8.
ANALYSIS AND QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE COST OF HOUSING IN THE REPUBLIC OF ALTAI

D.A. Kozhanova
Gorno-Altai State University, Gorno-Altaysk, Russian Federation
Keywords: housing policy, real estate market, housing value, factors of housing value

Abstract >>
The article investigated the factors affecting the value of residential real estate. By analyzing the residential real estate market, private, regional and nationwide factors affecting the cost of housing have been identified. The main criteria characteristics of the object of study are determined. Measures are proposed to increase the efficiency of the implementation of housing policy at the regional level.



9.
EXPERIENCE EVALUATION OF RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF THE MUNICIPALITY FOR THE PURPOSE OF STRATEGIC PLANNING (ON THE CASE OF THE BERDSK CITY)

G.V. Zhdan1, T.V. Sumskaya1,2
1Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: resource potential, economic potential, regional development strategy, development priorities, strategic planning

Abstract >>
The article proposes an analysis and assessment of the resource and economic potential of the municipality in the wirking-out of the Strategy of its socio-economic development. The work was carried out on the basis of reporting statistical and departmental materials of the city of Berdsk of the Novosibirsk region for the period 2008-2017 and materials of the previously approved Strategy of socio-economic development of the city of Berdsk for the period up to 2025. Labor resources, industrial production, road transport complex, investment, land resources, consumer market, tourist and recreational potential, social sphere, in particular, education, health care, culture, physical culture, sports and youth policy, were considered. The analysis made it possible to identify both the potential for further development and the factors that restrain it.



10.
MODEL OF DEPENDENCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF TAJIKISTAN ON DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY

K.S. Raupov
Polytechnic Institute, Khujand, Republic of Tajikistan
Keywords: level, index, development, interconnection, agriculture, industry

Abstract >>
Agriculture and industry are the most important sectors of the world economy, they play an immeasurable role in the national economies in reality of all countries of the world, both developed and developing, and perform such necessary functions as guaranteeing the population with food and industrial production of raw materials. According to the levels of development of the agrarian sector and industry, it is possible to draw a general conclusion about the degree of socio-economic development of the state. The lower the productivity (efficiency) of labor in agricultural production and the higher share of the agricultural sector in the GDP, the more poor the republic. For poor, underdeveloped countries, the agrarian mode of the economy is significant. They are largely dependent on the progress of national agriculture, while possessing not an inconspicuous low level of income per person. But often, the citizens of these countries are not guaranteed sufficient food supply, otherwise they are malnourished, that is, they even starve. The Republic of Tajikistan is one of the countries with an inherent predominant development of the rural sector. Agriculture is and, in fact, remains a key lever of livelihood for more than fifty percent of the population of the state. It accounts for almost a quarter of GDP and over a quarter of export earnings.



11.
APPLICATION OF BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY TO ENSURE TRUST BETWEEN SUPPLY CHAIN ACTORS IN THE FASHION INDUSTRY

P. M. Pashkov, D. O. Ivanov
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: blockchain, trust, fashion industry, supply chain, digital transformation

Abstract >>
The paper presents the results of an analysis of the impact of trust between participants in the fashion supply chain on consumer risks. The purpose of the research is to develop a conceptual model of the system of interaction between participants in the supply chain of fashion products using blockchain technology to ensure technically expressed trust. Blockchain technology is promising for use in the economy and business, which is confirmed by existing research. However, there is currently insufficient research on the use of blockchain technology as a method of ensuring trust in the interaction systems of supply chain participants in the fashion industry, which in practice leads to the use of an empirical approach and leads to the implementation of inefficient solutions. In this work, the authors expand the methodological tools for creating systems for interaction between participants in the supply chain of fashionable goods using blockchain technology to ensure technically expressed trust. The results of the work are a conceptual model of such a system and a scenario for using blockchain technology to ensure technically expressed trust.



12.
ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF THE EFFICIENCY MONITORING SUBSYSTEM OF ACADEMIC STAFF TRAINING AT POSTGRADUATE COURSES

E.A. Kolobova, I.V. Chigireva, S.V. Kolesnikova
Penza State Technological University, Penza, Russian Federation
Keywords: higher educational institution management information system, components of software and information support of subsystem, object-oriented models of process of postgraduate training records, training of top-quality personnel, research activity results records, current control of postgraduate performance

Abstract >>
The paper presents the analysis of the information process of current academic performance records and interim attestation of academic personnel for modeling of the subsystem of monitoring of efficiency of their postgraduate training. The structure of the subsystem of monitoring of training and methods of integrated assessment of postgraduate working efficiency considering the influence of various activities on overall performance during the whole training period were suggested on the basis of the analysis of current approaches and composition of indicators of research and educational postgraduate activity, structure and content of report documents.



13.
FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF DEVOPS METHODOLOGY

A.S. Ermakov
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: methodology, model, project management, artificial intelligence, DevOps

Abstract >>
Both the management model and the IT product architecture, defining its success or possible difficulties at the later stages of development, depend on the selection of project management methodology. The article considers the stages of development of project management methodology starting from ITIL\ITSM, Waterfall, creation of Agile and DevOps. The paper studies the origins and process of establishment of the DevOps methodology meant to resolve a conflict between developers and administrators. In a decade of its existence the DevOps methodology successfully went through one transformation and one more is expected in near future. Even now DevOps is divided into NoOps, ChatOps, AIOps and other methodologies. The article considers possible ways of further development of the methodology as well as its possible impact on the IT Field in general.



14.
ON THE METHODS OF INFLUENCING COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS

S. V. Nekrasov
Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: modern social reality, national security, methods of influence on collective consciousness, society, manipulation

Abstract >>
This article deals with the aspect of national security including mind control and methods of influence on collective consciousness, which appears to be relevant and enshrined in the regulatory state documents. The main content of the article considers both the process of mind control by which the hidden methods of socio-psychological influence are used and the instrumental methods themselves. Various interdisciplinary national scientific studies on this issue (sociology, psychology, political science, law, etc.) identified the key methods such as coercion, suggestion, conviction, propaganda, agitation, stereotyping (programming) and problematization. It is noted that the methods in their content and by type of influence are complementary and substitutable, and include variety of types and techniques. One also mentions the fact that there is no single integrated typology (classification) of these methods in modern scientific research field. Further broadening this line of scientific research and its thematic continuation, and integrating the most widespread but divided methods of influence on collective consciousness in the academic literature, the author proposes a structural integration of these methods into a single visual scheme.



15.
STRATEGIES OF RESTORATION OF RUSSIAN DYNASTIES IN SMALL BUSINESS (BASED ON THE BIOGRAPHICAL INTERVIEWS)

Yu.S. Panfilova
South Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
Keywords: business dynasty, renewal strategies, status transmission, family

Abstract >>
Professional dynasty as a social monopoly study rises the actuality of renewal strategies which are used to transfer capital between familys generations. We consider special groups with special dynasty status transfer formation to be the most interesting. The essay is an attempt to classify strategies of smack business status transfer such as inheritance, educational, and economical, social and symbol investment according to bio interview of representatives analysis. The authors idea is that the described social practices are just in the formation phase. The reasons are that the founders and business owners are active in the business operation, very high level of business personification and institutional path dependence.



16.
PROPAGANDA AS A METHOD OF INFLUENCE ON COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS: GENERAL THEORETICAL ASPECT

S.G. Karepova, S.V. Nekrasov, A.N. Pinchuk
Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: modern social reality, propaganda, influence, manipulation, consciousness, method, national security, state

Abstract >>
This article deals with the general theoretical foundations for the institution of propaganda as part of the current area for the protection of the countrys national security enshrined in the regulatory state documents. The content of the article considers both the method itself, its key characteristics (mind control and compulsory structural elements, clear underlying logic, the total usage of a number of methods to influence collective consciousness and the focus on an emotional-volitional level, etc.) and the main approaches to the scientific classification of propaganda integrated into the authors scheme. The authors note that the research direction contents a considerable research potential within the preservation of the countrys national security.



17.
ANALYSIS OF MONEY SUPPLY IN RUSSIA

N.A. Smirnova
International Institute of Design and Service, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: money supply, monetary aggregates, banknote, monetization coefficient

Abstract >>
The article examines the changes in the volume and structure of the money supply of the Russian Federation for 2011-2019. The uthor analyzes the correspondence of monetary indicators to global trends on the basis of comparisons with similar foreign data. The study of the level of the monetization coefficient in Russia and economically developed countries allows the author to draw conclusions about the degree of provision of settlements with cash and prospects for the development of the domestic economy as a whole.



18.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE STABILITY OF REGIONAL BUDGET REVENUES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ORENBURG REGION)

V. N. Afanasiev, A. Y. Kolodyazhnaya
Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation
Keywords: budget, stability of the budget structure, statistical indicators of budget stability, stability of levels and trends

Abstract >>
The article deals with the system of statistical indicators that assess the stability of regional budget revenues from the positions of the stability of levels and the stability of the trend. The system of statistical indicators of the stability of the time series adapted by the authors is considered for regional budgets items on the example of the budget structure of the Orenburg region for 2015-2019. The methodology of statistical analysis of the dynamics of the budget structure can also be used in other regions of the Russian Federation, as well as municipalities, to assess the viability of income.



19.
INTEGRATION OF STRATEGIC AND TACTICAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS: METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH AND ITS TESTING

L.E. Nikiforova, S.V. Tsurikov
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: strategic management, tactical management, controlling, integration efficiency of strategic and tactical management

Abstract >>
This article shows the analysis results of various approaches to the integration of strategic and tactical management systems based on hoshin planning (Japanese management model), knowledge management system (American management model), and controlling (German management model). Based on controlling the relevance of the mechanism of strategic and tactical management integration was explained for Russian entities. A model of organization management that employs controlling was developed facilitating strategic and tactical management integration by reducing intra-organizational barriers and harmonizing business processes, shaping core skills to rapidly respond to new challenges owing to the fast development of new relationships. The stages of controlling implementation were defined: preparatory one, targeted both at identifying the actual need of the company to integrate strategic and tactical management and quantifying the required amount of work; the intervention one that specifies system organizational alterations; the final one that determines the alteration rate of implementation results and the completion of controlling integration into the companys management system. A technique to assess the implementation efficiency of the mechanism to integrate strategic and tactical management based on an integral performance indicator and a system of integrated indicators was developed, those indicators in turn, determined the sets of particular indicators. Matching of organizational design to the facility functions, the development level of the relations between the structural elements of organizational design, the development level of corporate culture, quality level of development and managerial decision-making, the development level of the information space were shown as integrated indicators. Particular indicators were viewed by the integrated indicator of organizational design matching to the facility functions. The suggested methodological approach to estimate the implementation efficiency of the mechanism to integrate strategic and tactical management was exemplified by the subsidiary operation of the AO WBD Sibirskoe Moloko , a joint stock company under the laws of the Russian Federation .The dynamics of these integrated indicators was shown at the initial and two intermediate stages, and the results of the financial and economic activities of the subsidiary were estimated while the controlling implementation.