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Scientific journal Vestnik NSUEM

2020 year, number 4

MODEL OF DEPENDENCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF TAJIKISTAN ON DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY

K.S. Raupov
Polytechnic Institute, Khujand, Republic of Tajikistan
Keywords: level, index, development, interconnection, agriculture, industry

Abstract

Agriculture and industry are the most important sectors of the world economy, they play an immeasurable role in the national economies in reality of all countries of the world, both developed and developing, and perform such necessary functions as guaranteeing the population with food and industrial production of raw materials. According to the levels of development of the agrarian sector and industry, it is possible to draw a general conclusion about the degree of socio-economic development of the state. The lower the productivity (efficiency) of labor in agricultural production and the higher share of the agricultural sector in the GDP, the more poor the republic. For poor, underdeveloped countries, the agrarian mode of the economy is significant. They are largely dependent on the progress of national agriculture, while possessing not an inconspicuous low level of income per person. But often, the citizens of these countries are not guaranteed sufficient food supply, otherwise they are malnourished, that is, they even starve. The Republic of Tajikistan is one of the countries with an inherent predominant development of the rural sector. Agriculture is and, in fact, remains a key lever of livelihood for more than fifty percent of the population of the state. It accounts for almost a quarter of GDP and over a quarter of export earnings.