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ECO journal (ECOnomics and industrial Engineering)

2018 year, number 4

Russia on Spitsbergen: History of Studying, a Problem of Development of a Subsoil and Prospect on the Future

A. N. Evdokimov1, A. N. Sirotkin2, Ya. V. Kryukov3
1St. Petersburg Mining University
2the Polar sea prospecting expedition, Lomonosov
3Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, SB RAS, Novosibirsk
Keywords: Шпицберген, российское присутствие в Арктике, геологические исследования, экономика северных территорий, Норвегия, международное сотрудничество в Арктике, Spitsbergen, Russian presence in the Arctic, geological research, economy of the northern territories, Norway, international cooperation in the Arctic


The little-known Russian territories with the official status of “own lands” are located On Spitsbergen (Svalbard). Here are several coal-fields in which development are engaged the state trust “Arktikugol” on the field Barentsburg and Norwegian “Sturre Norske” near Longiyerbyuen. Russia has done all range of geological researches of the archipelago in Soviet period, paying the mainattention to mapping and a research of reserves of minerals: coal, oil, phosphorites, polymetals, gold. However, the Norwegian administration of the archipelago in every possible way brakes a possibility of their further studying and development, putting forward ecological motives not of a possibility of conducting exploration works. While reserves of coal will be over the Russian presence on the archipelago can be developed in implementation of scientific programs conducted with the new Russian research center formed in Barentsburg in 2014.