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Scientific journal “Vestnik NSUEM”

2017 year, number 1


D.A. Ruban
Southern Federal University, Str. Bolshaya Sadovaya, 105/42, Rostov-on-Don, 344006, Russia
Keywords: государственное управление, динамика развития, инновации, межрегиональное взаимодействие, региональная экономика, типизация, федеральный округ, state governance, development dynamics, innovations, regional interaction, regional economy, typization, federal district


Differences between the Russian regions by the level of development of innovation activity make urgent the task of their typization. Special attention should be paid to dynamics of innovation activity, because only this permits to judge about sustainability of innovation processes in regional economy and their tendencies. In the present work, the statistical data are used for the purposes of the typization of the Russian regions by dynamics of innovation activity in 2010-2014. Five types of the regions by their long-term success and four types by appearance of tendencies of innovation development are established. In Russia, there are many regions demonstrating long-term success, although those characterized by permanent increase in innovation activity are few. Geographically close location of the regions with different dynamics of innovation activity is considered as a significant premise for solution of the problems detected by the attempted analysis. Practical importance of the results is determined by the fact the typization of regions by dynamics of innovation activity is urgent for state governance of innovation activity and, particularly, development of programs aimed at building of innovation-oriented regional economy. Additionally, the typization allows evaluation of premises for realization of ambitious projects such as foundation of regional financial centers and clusters.