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Siberian Journal of Forest Science

2016 year, number 6


Sh. B. Bikirov1, R. T. Murzakmatov2, N. K. Umetalieva1, Y. Jumagul kyzy1, K. K. Bostonalieva1, B. B. Ashyrova1
1P. A. Gan Forest Institute, National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Karagachevaya roscha, Bishkek, 720024 Kyrgyz Republic
2Federal Research Center Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Solitary Unit V. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Akademgorodok, 50/28, Krasnoyarsk, 660036 Russian Federation
Keywords: горные леса, биоразнообразие, деградация лесов, лесовосстановление, лесосеменное дело, выпас скота, mountain forests, biodiversity, forest degradation, reforestation, forest seed growing, grazing


Kyrgyzstan is a natural repository of genetic resources and the diversity of species and natural laboratory, where at the small area are represented almost all altitudinal belts, ranging from semi-desert, ending with glacial-nival belt. This article discusses water-protective, water-regulating, anti-erosion and anti-mudflow functions of each forest category. It analyzes the main factors affecting the degradation of forests and reduction of forest cover in the study area. The complex of silvicultural measures on reforestation in the country and, in particular, the improvement of the forest seed business. It notes the importance of mountain forests in the national economy, and examines prospects for their conservation and restoration. Protection and rational use of forest genetic resources, which are an integral part of the global ecosystem, began to take on a special significance in recent years. Due to the high sensitivity of mountain ecosystems of the Tien Shan to human impact, there is a need for particularly careful monitoring of wildlife. The practical solution of many problems for the protection of mountain ecosystems directly or indirectly linked to the protection of the unique vegetation of the mountains. To solve these problems we should use the objects of flora and fauna on a legal basis under the rules and regulations set by laws and other normative legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic, as well as to benefit from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources. Such sharing shall be on mutually agreed terms with the local authorities and local communities in their jurisdictions providing such resources.