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Avtometriya

2016 year, number 6

1.
ANALYSIS OF RANDOM POINT IMAGES WITH THE USE OF SYMBOLIC COMPUTATION CODES AND GENERALIZED CATALAN NUMBERS

A. L. Reznik1, A. V. Tuzikov2, A. A. Solov'ev1, A. V. Torgov1
1Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Akademika Koptyuga, 1, Novosibirsk 630090
2United Institute of Informatics Problems, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, ul. Surganova, 6, Minsk 220012, Belarus
Keywords: случайное изображение, компьютерные аналитические выкладки, обобщённые числа Каталана, случайные компактные группировки, random image, computer analytical calculations, generalized Catalan numbers, random compact groups

Abstract >>
Original codes and combinatorial-geometrical computational schemes are presented, which are developed and applied for finding exact analytical formulas that describe the probability of error-free readout of random point images recorded by a scanning aperture with a limited number of threshold levels. Combinatorial problems encountered in the course of the study and associated with the new generalization of Catalan numbers are formulated and solved. An attempt is made to find the explicit analytical form of these numbers, which is, on the one hand, a necessary stage of solving the basic research problem and, on the other hand, is an independent self-consistent problem.
																								



2.
METHODS OF IMAGE RESTORATION AND ESTIMATION OF THE HARDWARE FUNCTION FROM A THINNED OBSERVATION MATRIX

V. K. Klochko, V. P. Kuznetsov
Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, ul. Gagarina 59/1, Ryazan 390005
Keywords: восстановление изображений, аппаратная функция, прореженная матрица, свёртка, матричные методы, градиентный метод, итерационный метод, фильтр Винера, image restoration, hardware function, thinned matrix, convolution, matrix methods, gradient method, iterative method, Wiener filter

Abstract >>
Methods are proposed to restore object images and estimate the hardware function in a radiometric system of the millimeter range operating with a large elevation scanning step. These methods generalize the available approaches to image restoration in the spatial and frequency domains with a thinned observation matrix, and incorporate new approaches to estimating the hardware function. The results of experimental studies are given.
																								



3.
MEASURING INFORMATION SIGNAL PARAMETERS UNDER ADDITIVE NON-GAUSSIAN CORRELATED NOISE

V. M. Artyushenko1, V. I. Volovach2
1University of Technology, ul. Gagarina 42, Korolev 141070
2Volga Region State University of Service, ul. Gagarina 4, Toliatti 445017
Keywords: дисперсия погрешности измерения, аддитивная негауссовская коррелированная помеха, информационные параметры сигнала, variance of measurement error, additive non-Gaussian correlated noise, information signal parameters

Abstract >>
This paper considers problems related to measuring the information parameters of the processed signal reflected from the located object under additive non-Gaussian correlated noise. It is shown that in the case of exposure to non-Gaussian correlated noise, an increase in the correlation coefficient promotes the growth in the generalized signal/noise ratio, which, in turn, improves the accuracy of measurement of the signal parameters. These dependences confirm that the measurement error of the information parameters of the signal is affected not only the generalized signal/noise ratio, but also by accounting for the non-Gaussian nature of the additive noise, which leads to a significant improvement in the accuracy of measurement of these parameters.
																								



4.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE QUALITY OF LASER DOPPLER SYSTEMS USING MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD AND PHASE INCREMENT METHODS

V. S. Sobolev, G. A. Kashcheeva, F. A. Zhuravel'
Institute of Automation and Electrometry SB RAS, pr. Akademika Koptyuga 1, Novosibirsk 630090
Keywords: лазерные доплеровские измерительные системы, оптимальные методы обработки сигналов, максимально правдоподобные оценки, laser Doppler measuring systems, optimal methods of signal processing, most plausible estimates

Abstract >>
This paper presents a comparative analysis of the errors of two alternative methods of estimating the central frequency of signals of laser Doppler systems, one of which is based on the maximum likelihood criterion, and the other on the so-called pulse-pair technique. Using computer simulation, the standard of the Doppler signal frequency from its true values are determined for both methods and graphs of these deviations are constructed as a measure of the accuracy gain of one of them. The results will enable developers of appropriate systems to choose an optimal algorithm of signal processing based on a compromise between the accuracy and speed of the systems as well as the labor intensity of calculations.
																								



5.
SYNTHESIS OF ACTIVE HARMONIC FILTERING ALGORITHMS IN ELECTRICAL POWER CIRCUITS

O. V. Nos, S. V. Brovanov, M. A. Dybko
Novosibirsk State Technical University, pr. Karla Marksa 20, Novosibirsk 630073
Keywords: алгоритм активной фильтрации, мгновенная мощность, кватернион токов компенсации, active filtering algorithm, instantaneous power, compensation current quaternion

Abstract >>
This paper presents algorithm for controlling an active power filter operating as a fast-response current source, whose practical application significantly improves the quality of the consumed electrical energy in the case of a non-linear load of arbitrary form with a simultaneous possibility of generating reactive power at the fundamental frequency.
																								



6.
SPECTRAL METHOD FOR PROCESSING SIGNALS OF A HIGH-ACCURACY LASER RANGER

A. V. Klimov, V. G. Glavnyi, G. V. Bakakin, V. G. Meledin
Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, SB RAS, pr. Lavrent'eva 1, Novosibirsk 630090
Keywords: лазерный дальномер, частотная модуляция, спектральный анализ, непараметрическое оценивание, алгоритм центра масс, окно Гаусса, повышение точности, laser ranger, frequency modulation, spectral analysis, nonparametric estimation, center of mass algorithm, Gauss window, improving accuracy

Abstract >>
A spectral method for determining the signal frequency and readings of a laser ranger with a frequency modulation of the reference channel is proposed based on signal pre-processing with a Gauss window and calculation of the center of mass of its spectral power density. Numerical modeling and experiments with a frequency modulation band of width 5-20 MHz band have shown that this method provides an order of magnitude better accuracy than the conventional methods of spectral analysis.
																								



7.
CALCULATION OF THE OBJECT BOUNDARY POSITION AFTER ITS PROJECTION IN A SPATIALLY NONINVARIANT COHERENT OPTICAL SYSTEM

Yu. V. Chugui1,2,3
1Technological Design Institute of Scientific Instrument Engineering, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Russkaya, 41, Novosibirsk 630058
2Novosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova, 2, Novosibirsk 630090
3Novosibirsk State Technical University, prosp. K. Marksa, 20, Novosibirsk 630073
Keywords: дифракция света, телецентрические проекционные системы, фурье-оптика, размерный контроль, light diffraction, telecentric projection systems, Fourier optics, dimensional inspection

Abstract >>
Specific features of half-plane image formation in a coherent optical spatially noninvariant (aberration-free) system of the 2F-2F telecentric type with a limited aperture of the projection lens (in the absence of the spatial frequency filter) are studied. The dependence of the light intensity behavior at a point corresponding to the half-plane boundary in the image on the object position is found in an analytical form on the basis of approximating the Fresnel functions by analytical functions. As the half-plane approaches the boundary of the field of vision of the system determined by the lens aperture diameter, the light intensity is demonstrated to deviate significantly from that in the case of the axial position of the half-plane, which may lead to noticeable measurement errors in inspecting the geometric parameters of objects by the projection method in transmitted light.
																								



8.
BOSON PEAK IN LOW-FREQUENCY RAMAN SPECTRA OF POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE

M. A. Korshunov1, V. F. Shabanov1,2
1Kirenskii Institute of Physics SB RAS, Akademgorodok 50/38, Krasnoyarsk 660036
2Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center, Akademgorodok 50, Krasnoyarsk 660036
Keywords: бозонный пик, спектры комбинационного рассеяния света, ангармонизм, моделирование, boson peak, Raman spectra, anharmonicity, modeling

Abstract >>
The role of the local field, anharmonicity, and degree of disorder in the formation of the boson peak has been studied. The Raman spectrum of low frequencies of a model crystal of polymethylmethacrylate with disorder elements was calculated using the method of atom-atom potentials taking into account the effect of local fields on the spectrum. The calculations were carried out for a crystal containing rigid molecules of an oligomer of isotactic polymethylmethacrylate and for a structure with flexible molecules.
																								



9.
MEASUREMENT OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ULTRAHIGH-FREQUENCY MODULATORS OF RADIATION BY A SCANNING INTERFEROMETER

S. N. Atutov1, S. L. Mikerin1, A. E. Simanchuk1, V. A. Sorokin1,2, A. I. Plekhanov1
1Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Akademika Koptyuga, 1, Novosibirsk 630090
2Novosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova, Novosibirsk 630090
Keywords: электрооптический модулятор, детектирование модулированного излучения, электрооптические полимеры, electro-optical modulator, detection of modulated radiation, electro-optical polymers

Abstract >>
Results of studying an original method of the modulated optical radiation spectrum analysis and testing a simple detector based on the Fabry-Perot interferometer are reported. The theoretical analysis of detector operation are compared with the results of a model experiment. A possibility of using this analyzer for measuring the characteristics of ultrahigh-frequency modulators of optical radiation operating at modulation frequencies from 10 to 100 GHz and higher is noted.
																								



10.
OPTOELECTRONIC SCANNING SYSTEM UPGRADE BY ENERGY CENTER LOCALIZATION METHODS

W. Flores-Fuentes1, O. Sergiyenko1, J. C. Rodriguez-Quinonez1, M. Rivas-Lopez1, D. Hernandez-Balbuena1, L. C. Basaca-Preciado2, L. Lindner1, F. F. Gonzalez-Navarro1
1Universidad Autonoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Blvd. Benito Juarez S/N, Mexico 21280
2CETYS Universidad, Mexicali, Rivera, Calz. Cetys S/N, Mexico 21259
Keywords: анализ, центр импульса, компенсация, локализация, оптический метод, analysis, energy center, compensation, localization, optical method

Abstract >>
A problem of upgrading an optoelectronic scanning system with digital post-processing of the signal based on adequate methods of energy center localization is considered. An improved dynamic triangulation analysis technique is proposed by an example of industrial infrastructure damage detection. A modification of our previously published method aimed at searching for the energy center of an optoelectronic signal is described. Application of the artificial intelligence algorithm of compensation for the error of determining the angular coordinate in calculating the spatial coordinate through dynamic triangulation is demonstrated. Six energy center localization methods are developed and tested to select the best method. After implementation of these methods, digital compensation for the measurement error, and statistical data analysis, a non-parametric behavior of the data is identified. The Wilcoxon signed rank test is applied to improve the result further. For optical scanning systems, it is necessary to detect a light emitter mounted on the infrastructure being investigated to calculate its spatial coordinate by the energy center localization method.
																								



11.
MEASUREMENT OF THE VELOCITY OF HILBERT-VISUALIZED PHASE STRUCTURES BY THE METHOD OF EMULATION 2D SPATIAL FILTERING OF THEIR IMAGES

Yu. N. Dubnishchev1,2,3, V. V. Sotnikov1,2,3, V. A. Arbuzov1,2,3, E. V. Arbuzov2,4, A. A. Shibaev1,3
1Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Akademika Lavrent'eva, 1, Novosibirsk 630090
2Technological Design Institute of Scientific Instrument Engineering, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Russkaya, 41, Novosibirsk 630058
3Novosibirsk State Technical University, prosp. K. Marksa, 20, Novosibirsk 630073
4Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Akademika Koptyuga, 4, Novosibirsk 630090
Keywords: измерение поля скорости, эмуляция динамической пространственной фильтрации изображений, гильберт-визуализация фазовых структур, термогравитационная конвекция, velocity field measurement, emulation 2D spatial filtering of images, Hilbert-visualized phase structures, thermogravitational convection

Abstract >>
A method of measuring the velocity of phase structures by means of emulation 2D spatial filtering of their images formed on the matrix of a digital camcoder is discussed. As an example, visualized fields of the phase optical density in convective flows induced in a high-viscosity fluid are considered. Investigations of this kind of flows are useful for simulating the Earth's mantle behavior at large depths.
																								



12.
LASER GENERATION IN OPAL-LIKE SINGLE-CRYSTAL AND HETEROSTRUCTURE HETEROSTRUCTURE PHOTON CRYSTALS

A. S. Kuchyanov, A. I. Plekhanov
Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, prosp. Akademika Koptyuga, 1, Novosibirsk 630090
Keywords: фотонный кристалл, лазерная генерация, опал, гетероструктура, photon crystal, laser generation, opal, heterostructure

Abstract >>
This study describes the laser generation of a 6G rhodamine in artificial opals representing single-crystal and heterostructure films. The spectral and angular properties of radiation and the threshold characteristics of generation are investigated. In the case where the 6G rhodamine was in a bulk opal, the so-called random laser generation was observed. In contrast to this, the laser generation caused by a distributed feedback inside the structure of the photonic bandgap was observed in photonic-crystal opal films.
																								



13.
LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITES DOPED WITH NONMESOGENIC NANOPARTICLES FOR RECORDING OF POLARIZATION HOLOGRAPHIC GRATINGS

G. M. Zharkova1, S. A. Strel'tsov1,2
1Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Institutskaya, 4/1, Novosibirsk 630090
2Novosibirsk State Technical University, prosp. K. Marksa, 20, Novosibirsk 630073
Keywords: жидкие кристаллы, жидкокристаллические композиты, наночастицы, поляризационная голография, liquid crystals, liquid crystal composites, nanoparticles, polarization holography

Abstract >>
The properties of polarization holographic gratings formed in liquid crystal polymer composites doped with nonmesogenic nanoparticles (SiO2, ZnO, Al2O3, and Y2O3) are considered. The effect of these additives on the phase transition temperature of liquid crystals of polarization gratings, diffraction efficiency, and driving voltage is demonstrated.
																								



14.
DECOMPOSITION STRATEGIES IN THE PROBLEMS OF MODELING OF ADDITIVE LASER TECHNOLOGIES

M. D. Khomenko, A. V. Dubrov, F. Kh. Mirzade
Institute of Laser and Information Technologies, Russian Academdy of Sciences, ul. Svyatoozerskaya, 1, Shatura 140700
Keywords: декомпозиция области, численное моделирование, аддитивные технологии, OpenFOAM, domain decomposition, numerical simulation, additive technology

Abstract >>
The development of additive technologies and their application in industry is associated with the possibility of predicting the final properties of crystallized added material. The paper describes the problem characterized by a dynamic and spatially nonuniform complexity, which, in the case of uniform decomposition of a computational domain, leads to unbalanced loading on computing cores. The strategy of partitioning of the computational domain is used, which minimizes the CPU time losses in the serial computations of the additive technological process. The chosen strategy is optimal from the standpoint of a priori unknown dynamic computational loading distribution. The scaling of the computational problem on the cluster of the Institute of Laser and Information Technologies (RAS) that uses the InfiniBand interconnect is determined. As a result of using the parallel code with optimal decomposition, it was possible to significantly reduce the computational time (down to several hours), which is important in the context of development of the software package for support of engineering activity in the field of additive technology.
																								



15.
PRODUCTION OF ANALOG-DIGITAL SILICON MULTIPLEXERS OF SIGNALS OF INFRARED PHOTORECEIVERS

M. A. Dem'yanenko, A. I. Kozlov, I. V. Marchishin, V. N. Ovsyuk
Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academdy of Sciences, prosp. Lavrent'eva, 13, Novosibirsk 630090
Keywords: кремниевый мультиплексор, интегральная схема считывания фотосигналов, инфракрасный фотоприёмник, фотодиод на основе соединения кадмий-ртуть-теллур, фотодетектор на основе многослойных структур с квантовыми ямами, silicon multiplexer, integrated circuit for photosignal reading, infrared photodetector, photodiode based on the cadmium-mercury-tellurium compound, photodetector based on multilayer structures with quantum wells

Abstract >>
This paper describes the production of analog-digital integral reading circuits for photosignals of hybrid multielement infrared photoreceivers (silicon multiplexers). This work contains the estimation of noise equivalent temperatures of infrared photoreceivers based on multiplexers with frame-by-frame and row-by-row acquisition of signals of photosensitive elements of the spectral ranges 8 to 14 and 3 to 5 m. This paper also presents the development of silicon multiplexers for infrared photoreceivers designed with the use of photodiodes based on the cadmium-mercury-tellurium compound and photodetectors on multilayer structures with quantum wells. The designed multiplexers ensure the use of matrix and ruled photoreceiving crystals, include those with increased dark currents, in order to produce infrared photoreceivers whose temperature resolution corresponds to worldwide standards.