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Philosophy of Sciences

2016 year, number 3


E.V. Afonasin1,2
1Institute of Philosophy and Law, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia
2Novosibirsk State University, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia
Keywords: эмпирическая наука, погодные явления, Аристотель, Теофраст, Сенека, empirical sciences, weather signs, Aristotle, Theophrastus, Seneca


In the first two articles of a series of studies dedicated to ancient meteorology (Filosofiya nauki, 68-69 [2016]) I discussed the method and content of Pseudo-Theophrastus’ On weather signs, translated a short treatise On the location and names of the winds, traditionally included in the Corpus Aristotelicum, and discussed various theories, designed in Antiquity for explanation of the origin and development of winds and hurricanes. In this article, based on Aristotle’s Meteorology, the Meteorology of Theophrastus in Syriac and Arabic Translation and Seneca's Naturales Questiones, I approach various ancient theories of thunderstorms, rain, smog, hail, etc., and, in the second part of the article, these of comets, meteors and other optic atmospheric phenomena.