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Journal of Structural Chemistry

2016 year, number 6

Quantum chemical calculation of the structure, dipole moment, and polarizability of O-isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridate in the gas phase

A.V. Lebedev
Closed Joint Stock Company "SPETSPRIBOR", Tula, 300028 Russia
Keywords: O-изопропилметилфторфосфонат, квантово-химический расчет, геометрические параметры, конформер, дипольный момент, поляризуемость, O-isopropylmethylfluorophosphonate, quantum chemical calculation, geometric parameters, conformer, dipole moment, polarizability

Abstract >>
Six conformers of O-isopropylmethylfluorophosphonate (IMFP) are revealed. Their geometric parameters, dipole moments, and polarizabilities are calculated. The applicability of methods chosen for the calculation of the structure and mentioned properties of IMFP conformers (phosphoryl compounds not noted for conformational diversity) is evaluated. The features of the IMFP structure and stereochemistry are considered.

Structure of zirconium tetrahydroborate Zr(BH4)4: a molecular dynamics study

A.M. Igoshkin1, I.F. Golovnev1, V.V. Krisyuk2, I.K. Igumenov2
1Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: молекулярно-динамическое моделирование, тетрагидроборат циркония, кристаллическая структура молекулярных соединений, фазовые переходы, molecular dynamics simulation, zirconium tetraborate, crystal structure of molecular compounds, phase transitions

Abstract >>
In the work the structural and thermodynamic characteristics of zirconium tetrahydroborate Zr(BH4)4 are considered. The initial compound organized in a cubic lattice was heated from absolute zero to temperatures exceeding the experimental boiling temperature. Temperature dependences of the parameters of the internal structure, energy, and density of molecules in bulk are obtained. It is found that on heating the compound to 300 K its structure is maintained and on further cooling it returns to the initial state. On heating above 400 K the irreversible destruction of the crystal lattice is observed. On further cooling the compound in the solid phase becomes amorphous. It is shown that in the new state the average binding energy is lower than that in the initial one and the cubic lattice has the highest binding energy among the considered Zr(BH4)4 structures.

First-principles study of the hydrostatic pressure effects on the structural and electronic properties of crystalline organic azide C10H8N6O4

I.A. Fedorov, Yu.N. Zhuravlev
Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo,650043 Russia
Keywords: органические азиды, дисперсионные силы, теория функционала плотности, уравнение состояния, давление, электронное строение, organic azides, dispersion forces, density functional theory, equation of state, pressure, electronic structure

Abstract >>
Within the density functional theory with regard to the dispersion interaction the crystal structure parameters of organic C10H8N6O4 azide are determined.The pressure effect in the range 0-20 GPa on its structural and electronic properties is studied. Parameters of the equation of state in the Vinet and Birch-Murnaghan model are determined. Within the quasi-particle method ( G 0 W 0) the energy band structure is calculated. It is shown that the hydrostatic pressure of 20 GPa results in the approach of planes of C10H8N6O4 molecules and their shift relative to each other. This is accompanied by a broadening of the upper valence bands and a decrese in the band gap from 5.07eV to 3.97 eV.

Computational design of a new pedal-like nanorobot based on nitrogen inversion

M. Samadizadeh, S.S. Gorgani
Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: nanorobot, nano pedal, nitrogen inversion, ab initio computation

Abstract >>
Ab initio calculations are employed to investigate nitrogen inversion as a configuration change that can supply an infinitely useful switchable control mechanism for some complex systems. In this paper, the design of a new pedal-like nano-scale robot is discussed based on nitrogen inversion. This work introduces the design of a nano pedal in which different structures of the arms created two diverse kinds of pedals: a) nano pedal without intersectional motion and b) nano pedal with intersectional motion. In ( a ), due to stereo repellent in the two pedal arms, they were unable to pass each other and could only move back and forth in one direction. However, in ( b ), due to an increase in the axis connecting the two arms, the issue of stereo repellent of nitrogen was looked over and the arms could pass each other and moved in a larger domain.

AB INITIO Prediction of plausible conformers of a flexible N-(3-CHLORO-4-FLUOROPHENYL)Thiourea (CFT) Molecule: a validation study

A.D. Stephen1, P.V. Nidhin1, P. Srinivasan2
1Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, India
2C. Kandaswami Naidu College for Men, Chennai, India
Keywords: ab initio crystal structure prediction, lattice energy minimisation, polymorphism

Abstract >>
The current aim of the ab initio crystal structure prediction is to find the possible conformers of the flexible N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)thiourea (CFT) molecule using gas phase optimisation with an MP2/6-31G( d , p ) basis set, and the lattice energy minimization in the presence of a repulsion-dispersion electrostatic potential. If the molecule deviates from the gas phase conformation, suitable intermolecular interactions are added, and the molecule favours stable packing. The crystal structure is said to be feasible if the intermolecular lattice energy compensates the intermolecular energy penalty associated with the suboptimal gas phase conformers. The idea of the current research is to find the least energy hydrogen bonded crystal structure from a set of rigid conformers in a conformation region, with a significant similarity of packing, which may lead to the prediction of polymorphs associated with the considered CFT molecule.

A DFT study on the geometry, spectroscopic properties, and tautomerization of the local anaesthetic drug prilocaine

F. Heshmatipour, S.A. Beyramabadi, A. Morsali, M.M. Heravi
Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
Keywords: prilocaine, DFT, tautomerization, intramolecular proton transfer, PCM

Abstract >>
The prilocaine is a significant amino amide local anaesthetic. This drug can exist as three possible tautomers. Herein, by using density functional theory (DFT), and handling the solvent effects with the PCM model, the structure, energetic behavior, kinetics and mechanism of tautomerization, as well as the natural bond orbital analysis (NBO) of the prilocaine are reported. P1 is the most stable tautomer of the prilocaine, which can be tautomerized to two other tautomers via the intramolecular-proton transfer. Good agreement between the calculated NMR chemical shifts and IR vibrational frequencies with the experimental values approves the suitability of the optimized geometry for the prilocaine. A large HOMO-LUMO energy gap implies a high stability of the prilocaine.

Crystal structure determination, and dft calculations of DICHLOROBIS(DIMETHYLSULFOXIDE-O)COPPER(II)

H. Chebbi1,2, M. Chebbi2, A. Guesmi2, Y. Arfaoui2
1University of Monastir, Tunisia
2University of Tunis El Manar, 2092, Tunisia
Keywords: crystal structure, DFT calculation, FT-IR, UV-visible spectroscopy

Abstract >>
The crystal structure of dichlorobis(dimethylsulfoxide-O)copper(II), [CuCl2(DMSO)2] (I), previously determined by Willett and Chang, is reinvestigated. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system with the space group Pnma (N°62), Z = 4, and unit cell parameters a = 8.053(1) Å, b = 11.642(5) Å, c = 11.347(3) Å. Our structure determination is of a significantly higher precision in terms of bond lengths, angles, and R factors (e.g., Cu1-O1 = 1.9737(24) Å, O1-Cu1-O1i = 173.08(13)° (symmetry code: i x , 1/2- y , z ) and R ( F 2) = 0.046 compared to 1.955(4) Å, 173.0(3)° and R ( F ) = 0.075). In contrast to the previous investigation, all H atoms are placed at calculated positions. In the title molecule, the CuII atom is five coordinated in a distorted square pyramidal geometry. Thus, as reported previously, it can be shown that the crystal structure consists of [CuCl2(DMSO)2] molecules which, by virtue of long Cu-Cl interactions, are tied together to form chains parallel to the [100] direction. The density functional theory (DFT) optimized structure at the B3LYP/6-311++G(2 d ,2 p ) level is compared with the experimentally determined molecular structure. The HOMO-LUMO energy gap and other related molecular properties are also calculated. Comprehensive experimental and theoretical structural studies on the studied complex are carried out by FT-IR and UV-visible spectroscopies.

Structural study of the stability of the captopril drug regarding the formation of its captopril disulphide dimer

M.C. de Souza1, L.F. Diniz1, C.H. de Jesus Franco1, H.A. de Abreu2, R. Diniz1
1Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - Campus Universitario, Brazil
2Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Keywords: hypertension, ACE inhibitor, crystal structure, X-ray diffraction

Abstract >>
Captopril disulphide is obtained under hydrothermal conditions. The IR and Raman spectra data are in agreement with the X-ray diffraction results. The disappearance of the band at 2566 cm-1 (n(SH)) in both spectra of captopril disulphide is consistent with the formation of the S-S bond. The degradation of the captopril drug is investigated by Raman spectroscopy and the results indicate that after 6 weeks of air exposure, a band at 512 cm-1, assigned as n(SS), is observed, suggesting the formation of captopril disulphide. DFT calculations in the solid state are performed for captopril and captopril disulphide. The results indicate that captopril disulphide is approximately 30 kcal×mol-1 more stable than captopril. The analysis of the total density of states (DOS) reveals that the captopril valence band contains a significant contribution from the S atom, whereas for captopril disulphide, the O atom is the most important for the valence band.

An X-ray photoelectron study of the electronic structure of Cu(II) complexes with diaand paramagnetic derivatives of 2-imidazoline

A.D. Fedorenko1, L.N. Mazalov1, I.M. Oglezneva1, E.Yu. Fursova2, V.I. Ovcharenko2
1Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Institute "International Tomography Center", Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: нитроксильные радикалы, комплексы меди с нитроксильными лигандами, рентгеновская фотоэлектронная спектроскопия, nitroxyl radicals, copper complexes with nitroxyl ligands, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Abstract >>
The electronic structure of free radicals and Cu(II) complexes with the nitronylnitroxyl radical and amino nitron is studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). N1 s XPS spectra of nitrogen atoms of Cu(II) complexes with amino nitrons confirm the diamagnetic nature of the ligands. The binding energies of the main peak and the intense satellite structure in the Cu2p3/2,1/2 spectra of the complexes under study correspond to the Cu(II) state. The structure of the satellite in the Cu2p3/2,1/2 spectrum depends on the environment of the metal ion.

Analysis of the oxidation state of platinum particles in supported catalysts by double differentiation of XPS lines

M.Yu. Smirnov1, A.V. Kalinkin1, E.I. Vovk1,2, V.I. Bukhtiyarov1
1Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Bilkent University, Bilkent, Ankara, 06800 Turkey
Keywords: модельные катализаторы, платина, диоксид кремния, рентгеновская фотоэлектронная спектроскопия, дифференцирование спектров, modelе catalysts, platinum, silicon dioxide, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, differentiation of the spectra

Abstract >>
In the work the double differentiation of functions describing the Pt4 f 7/2 band in the XPS spectra of model supported Pt/SiO2 catalysts is performed in order to determine the number of different chemical states of platinum particles. The functions for the differentiation are obtained by the deconvolution of the experimental spectral contour into two spin-orbit components. As a result of the performed analysis of the number and position of the minima of the second derivative of the function of Pt4 f 7/2 the conditions of the oxidation of platinum particles in the Pt/SiO2 sample on treating in a NO + O2 mixture and the reduction of platinum oxide particles on interacting of the PtO x /SiO2 sample with hydrogen are determined.

Features of the structure of hydrate forms of iron(III) oxalate

P.Yu. Tyapkin1,2, S.A. Petrov1, A.P. Chernyshev1,3, A.I. Ancharov1,2,4, L.A. Sheludyakova5, N.F. Uvarov1,2,3
1Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Novosibirsk National Research State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
3Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, 630073 Russia
4Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
5Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: оксалат железа, мессбауэровская спектроскопия, рентгеновская дифракция, синхротронное излучение, ИК спектроскопия, метастабильная аморфная фаза, iron oxalate, MГ¶ssbauer spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, synchrotron radiation, IR spectroscopy, metastable amorphous phase

Abstract >>
The existence of hydrate forms of iron(III) oxalate, which noticeably differ from each other in the Mössbauer spectral parameters (isomer shift and quadrupole splitting), is detected. In the assumption of the formation of phases with different structural characteristics the samples of the compound under study are studied by the powder X-ray diffraction analysis (including the application of synchrotron radiation), Mössbauer and IR spectroscopy. It is shown that the phase characterized by new values of the Mössbauer parameters has its own IR spectrum and it is X-ray amorphous and metastable.

Structure of liquid chlorobenzene in the temperature range 293-343 K

E.S. Alekseev, T.V. Bogdan
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Keywords: жидкий хлорбензол, структура жидкости, молекулярно-динамическое моделирование, температурная зависимость, агломераты, галоген-агрегация, функции радиально-углового распределения, функции радиального распределения, коэффициент самодиффузии, локальный дипольный момент, диэлектрическая проницаемость, liquid chlorobenzene, fluid structure, molecular dynamics simulation, temperature dependence, agglomerates, halogen aggregation, radial angular distribution functions, radial distribution functions, self-diffusion coefficient, local dipole moment, permittivity

Abstract >>
By the classical molecular dynamics method liquid chlorobenzene chlorobenzene is modeled in the temperature range 293-363 K. The radial angular distribution functions are calculated for the distances between the benzene ring planes and the angle between them; the radial distribution functions for the distances between the chlorine atoms; self-diffusion coefficients, local dipole moments, and the permittivity. In the whole temperature range the molecules are combined into agglomerates due to contacts between the chlorine atoms (halogen aggregation) and owing to specific interactions of benzene rings which result in their mainly parallel and perpendicular orientations in the first coordination sphere. Molecules in the agglomerates are mostly organized in the 1D motif: chains of chlorine atoms and stacks of benzene rings. With an increase in the temperature the structure of agglomerates is reorganized and changes are most obvious in temperature ranges 293-298 K, 313-323 K, and 343-353 K.

New gadolinium polyselenide GdSe1.89(6) in the PbFCl matlockite structure type

L.N. Zelenina1,2, T.P. Chusova1, N.V. Podberezskaya1, I.V. Korol`kov1,2, D.A. Piryazev1,2
1Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Novosibirsk National Research State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: полиселениды гадолиния, термодинамическое моделирование, выращивание кристаллов газотранспортными методами, рентгенофазовый и рентгеноструктурный анализ, gadolinium polyselenides, thermodynamic simulation, crystal growth by nitrogen-transport methods, powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis

Abstract >>
Optimal growth conditions for GdSe1.85 crystals are found by the thermodynamic simulation of the Gd-Se-I system. The obtained data are used to grow GdSe1.85 crystals by the transport method using iodine as a transport agent. The grown crystals are identified by microprobe and powder X-ray diffraction analyses. The structure is determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and the composition is refined. The crystal structure is in general typical of the structures of REM polychalcogenides, however, the unit cell represents the metric type unknown previously: a = 4.0562(2), b = 8.1065(5), c = 9.2489(5) , a = 115.9990(10), b = 90.000(2), g = 89.9750(10), V = 273.34(3) 3, Z = 4, d calc = 7.659 g/cm3, space group Pb 11. The experimental material for the X-ray crystallographic analysis is obtained on an automated Bruker X8 APEX diffractometer (Мо K radiation, graphite monochromator, CCD detector resolution 10241024 pixel, distance to the detector L = 50 mm, rotation about the axis 15 min) by the standard procedure, 2274 measured reflections, out of them 1523 independent ( R (int) = 0.0352), R -factor [ I > 2s( I )] = 0.0517, R -factor (all measured) = 0.0694).

Synthesis and characterization of a pure inorganic 3D network based on the [Sr2P9HMo12O71]20- cluster and STRONTIUM(II) linkers

M.M. Ftini
Faculte des sciences Monastir, Tunisie
Keywords: polyoxometalate, inorganic compound, shaped-cage POMs, cyclic voltammetry, UV visible

Abstract >>
Novel supramolecular networks based on an anionic polymolybdophosphate cluster Sr10(H2O)12[Sr2P9HMo12O71] is hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, infrared, ultraviolet spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry in an aqueous solution. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnmm (No. 59) with a = 12.699(1), b = 14.914(1), c = 23.851(2) Å and Z = 2. The compound is made up of unusual shaped-cage [Sr2P9HMo12O71]20-. The strontium cations are divided in two kinds. The first occupy vacant sites in the [P9Mo12O68] n- polyoxoanions unit and the second [Sr(H2O)6]2+, [Sr(H2O)4]2+, and [Sr(H2O)2]2+ serve to bridge together the adjacent polymolybdophosphate clusters to yield unprecedented three-dimensional pure inorganic assemblies of the shaped-cage polymolybdophosphate clusters.

A high-temperature cubic phase of tetramethylammonium hexafluoridozirconate (N(CH3)4)2[ZrF6]

A.V. Gerasimenko, K.A. Gaivoronskaya, R.L. Davidovich, N.A. Didenko
Institute of Chemistry, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, 690022 Russia
Keywords: кристаллическая структура, комплексный фторид, цирконий, полиморфная модификация, фазовый переход, crystal structure, complex fluoride, zirconium, polymorph, phase transition

Abstract >>
By single crystal X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analyses tetramethylammonium hexafluoridozirconate (N(CH3)4)2[ZrF6] is studied. In the temperature range 96-110 C the crystals undergo a reversible phase transition from the low-temperature trigonal modification (space group R ) to the high-temperature cubic one (space group Fmm ). The cubic phase is composed of regular [ZrF6]2- octahedra and tetrahedral (CH3)4N+ cations bound by ionic interactions and С-H⋯F hydrogen bonds.

Crystal structures of two one-dimensional coordination polymers constructed from Mn2+ ions, chelating hexafluoro-acetylacetonate anions, and flexible bipyridyl bridging ligands

M.J. Plater, B.M. De Silva, M.R. St J. Foreman, W.T.A. Harrison
University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
Keywords: manganese, coordination polymer, flexible ligand

Abstract >>
The syntheses and crystal structures of two one-dimensional coordination polymers, [Mn(C5HO2F6)2(C16H20N2)] n (1) and [Mn(C5HO2F6)2(C20H20N2)] n (2), are described, where is the hexafluoro acetylacetonate anion, C16H20N2 is 1,6-bis(4-pyridyl)-hexane, and C20H20N2 is 1,4-bis[2-(3-pyridyl)ethyl]-benzene. In both phases, the metal ion lies on a crystallographic twofold axis and is coordinated by two chelating anions and two bridging bipyridyl ligands to generate a cis -MnN2O4 octahedron. The bridging ligands, which are completed by crystallographic inversion symmetry in both compounds, connect the metal nodes into zigzag [20 ] chains in 1 and contorted [001] chains in 2. Intrachain C-H⋯O interactions occur in 1 but not in 2, which may be correlated with the relative orientations of the ligands. Crystal data: 1, C26H22F12MnN2O4, M r = 709.40, monoclinic, C 2/ c (No. 15), a = 9.3475(2) Å, b = 16.6547(3) Å, c = 18.3649(4) Å, b = 91.1135(8)°, V = 2858.50(10) Å3, Z = 4, R ( F ) = 0.030, wR ( F 2) = 0.075. 2, C30H22F12MnN2O4, M r = 757.44, monoclinic, C 2/ c (No. 15), a = 19.9198(2) Å, b = 10.6459(2) Å, c = 16.8185(3) Å, b = 119.8344(8)°, V = 3093.91(9) Å3, Z = 4, R ( F ) = 0.032, wR ( F 2) = 0.078.

Crystal structure and spectroscopic characterization of a coordination polymer of COPPER(II) chloride with ethylenediamine and the 2-HYDROXYBENZOATE ion

S.S. Batool1, S.R. Gilani1, M.N. Tahir2, A. Siddique3, W.T.A. Harrison4
1University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
2University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
3Government Post Graduate Islamia College for Women, Lahore, Pakistan
4University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scotland
Keywords: copper(II) carboxylate, ethylenediamine, salicylate, coordination polymer

Abstract >>
A new mixed-ligand one-dimensional copper(II) coordination polymer [Cu(en)(sal)Cl] n where en = ethylenediamine(C2H8N2) and Hsal = 2-hydroxybenzoic acid (salicylic acid; C7H6O3) is synthesized and characterized by FTIR spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The structure contains Cu2+ ions in two different distorted octahedral coordination environments: an axially extended CuN4Cl2 moiety arising from a pair of bidentate en ligands and a CuO4Cl2 moiety arising from a pair of asymmetrically coordinated sal- anions. The chloride ions bridge the copper ions into a zigzag chain propagating in [001]. The structure is consolidated by N-H⋯O and N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds which generate a layered network. Crystal data: C9H13ClCuN2O3, M r = 296.20, monoclinic, P 21/ c , a = 13.9179(10) Å, b = 10.4900(8) Å, c = 8.5181(6) Å, b = 105.518(4)°, V = 1198.30(15) Å3, Z = 4, R ( F ) = 0.026, wR ( F 2) = 0.068.

Crystal structure of trans-[Ru(NO)(NH3)4SO4]ClO4 and [Ru(NO)(NH3)4SO4][Ru(NO)(NH3)3Cl(SO4)]HSO4xH2O

A.N. Makhinya1,2, M.A. Il`in1,2, I.A. Bai`dina1, I.V. Korol`kov1,2
1Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Novosibirsk National Research State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: рутений, нитрозокомплексы, амминокомплексы, сульфатокомплексы, хлорокомплексы, синтез, рентгеноструктурный анализ, ИК спектроскопия, ruthenium, nitroso complexes, ammino complexes, sulfato complexes, chloro complexes, synthesis, X-ray crystallography, IR spectroscopy

Abstract >>
After the addition of the saturated NaClO4 solution to the solution of trans -[Ru(NO)(NH3)4SO4] HSO4H2O, trans -[Ru(NO)(NH3)4SO4]ClO4 perchlorate salt (I) is obtained with an yield of 80 %. The heating of trans -[Ru(NO)(NH3)4(H2O)](HSO4)SO4 at a temperature of 220 C results in a complete removal of coordination water and a partial removal of ammonia molecules. At successive treatment of the thermolysis product with sulfuric and hydrochloric acids [Ru(NO)(NH3)4SO4][Ru(NO)(NH3)3Cl(SO4)]HSO4H2O crystals (II) are obtained. By X-ray crystallography the structure of the obtained compounds is determined: for I space group P 21/ c , a = 6.6949(9), b = 13.7049(19), c = 12.8641(17) , = 101.028(4); for II, space group Р 21/ c , a = 14.1304(4), b = 12.4908(3), c = 11.6264(3) , = 94.1980(10).

Structure and properties of the volatile isomers of bis-(1,1,1-trifluoro-5,5-dimethylhexane-2,4-dionato)platinum(II)

I.A. Bai'dina, G.I. Zharkova, D.A. Piryazev
Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: b-дикетонаты платины(II), изомеры, структура, летучесть, b-diketonates of platinum(II), isomers, structure, volatility

Abstract >>
In the work isomeric complexes of platinum(II) with the (ptac)-1- Pt((CH3)3-CO-CH-CO-CF3)2 pivaloyltrifluoroacetonate ion are studied. The synthesis and chromatographic separation of ​ Pt(ptac)2 isomers is described, TGA data for the separated isomers are given, and the crystal structures of solid phases are studied. The cis -Pt(ptac)2 complex crystallizes in the space group Р -1, a = 10.7091(4), b = 12.7787(6), c = 16.0154(8) , = 92.389(2), = 90.868(2), = 112.1260(10), V = 2027.39(16) 3, Z = 4, d calc = 1.918 g/cm3. The trans -Pt(ptac)2 complex crystallizes in the space group C 2/ m , a = 13.3235(5), b = 8.5515(3), c = 9.6694(3) , = 118.5880(10), V = 967.38(6) 3, Z = 2, d calc = 2.010 g/cm3. The structures of the complexes are molecular, the Pt atom has a square coordination of four oxygen atoms of two ligands; for cis- Pt(ptac)2 the Pt-Oav distance is 1.968 , for trans -Pt(ptac)2 it is 1.980 .

Single crystal X-ray diffraction study of 2,4,6-triazidopyridine and its 3,5-dibromosubstituted derivative

D.V. Korchagin, S.M. Aldoshin, S.V. Chapyshev
Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow oblast, 142432 Russia
Keywords: полиазиды, РСА, молекулярная и кристаллическая структура, реакционная способность, высокоэнергетические соединения, polyazides, X-ray crystallography, molecular and crystal structure, reactivity, high-energy compounds

Abstract >>
By the single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis in combination with quantum chemical calculations the molecular and crystal structures of energy-intensive 2,4,6-triazipyridine and 2,4,6-triazido-3,5-dibromopyridine are studied; the dependence of structural parameters of their azido groups on the size of substituents in b-positions of the pyridine ring is analyzed. The effect of the intramolecular contact involving the central nitrogen atom of -azido groups in substituted triazides on their structure and properties is revealed.

Effect of the pН value on the synthesis of silver nanoparticles in an aqueous cysteine-silver solution

O.A. Baranova, S.D. Khizhnyak, P.M. Pakhomov
Tver State University, Tver, 1700002 Russia
Keywords: наночастицы серебра, супрамолекула, L-цистеин, просвечивающая электронная микроскопия, динамическое светорассеяние, silver nanoparticles, supramolecule, L- cysteine, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering

Abstract >>
Silver nanoparticles are synthesized in the medium of an aqueous cysteine-silver solution at different рН values using sodium borohydride as a reductant. By means of dynamic light scattering, electron spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy it is found that the size and stability of nanoparticles in this system depend on the рН value that is regulated by alkali and on the concentration of the cysteine-silver solution. Under certain conditions the unimodal distribution of silver nanoparticles with an average size of 40 nm are obtained.

The phase composition and physicochemical properties of transparent nanocomposite films of silicon oxycarbonitride

A.G. Plekhanov, N.I. Fainer, Yu.M. Rumyantsev, I.V. Yushina, M.I. Rakhmanova
Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: оксикарбонитрид кремния, нанокомпозитные пленки, 1,1,3,3-тетраметилдисилазан, рентгенофазовый анализ с использованием синхротронного излучения, оптические, электрофизические и люминесцентные свойства, silicon oxycarbonitride, nanocomposite films, 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisilazane, powder X-ray diffraction analysis with synchrotron radiation, optical, electrophysical, and luminescent properties

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Films of hydrogenated SiC x N y O z :H obtained by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition from a mixture of 1,1,3,3-tetramethyldisilazane with oxygen and nitrogen (TMDS+O2+ x N2) in the temperature range 373-973 K are nanocomposites in whose amorphous part nanocrystals belonging to phases of the Si-C-N: -Si3-x C x N4 system and graphite are distributed. A change in the chemical composition of gas mixtures enables the preparation of SiC x N y O z :H films with a broad variation range of the functional properties, such as the 1.45-2.15 variation of the refractive index; the controlled transparency ( T 92-99.7 %) in UV, visible, and IR spectral ranges; tunable characteristics of the band gap (3.5-5.4 eV), and dielectric constants (5.2-5.8).

Photochromic properties of polycrystals: 2,3-diarylcyclopentenone and its adduct with a metal-organic coordination polymer

V.V. Semionova1, V.V. Korolev1, E.M. Glebov1,2, V.Z. Shirinyan3, S.A. Sapchenko4
1Voevodsky Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Novosibirsk National Research State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
3Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia
4Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: фотохромизм в твердом состоянии, металл-органические каркасы, 2,3-диарилциклопентеноны, супрамолекулярные аддукты, photochromism in the solid state, metal-organic frameworks, 2,3-diarylcyclopentenones, supramolecular adducts

Abstract >>
In order to obtain crystalline photochromic materials combining the advantages of photochroms in liquid and polymeric solutions (high quantum yields) and in the solid state (enhanced resistance to photodegradation) a photochromic adduct consisting of a metal-organic framework [Zn4(dmf)(ur)2(ndc)4] (ndc2- is 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate, ur is urotropine, dmf is N,N-dimethylformamide) and 2,3-bis-(2,5-dimethylthiophen-3-yl-cyclopent-2-en-1-one) is synthesized (compound 1). The photochemistry of the adduct is studied. Solid 2,3-diarylcyclopentenone exhibits photochromism typical of diarylethenes. Quantum yields of the adduct photocoloration and photobleaching turn out to be 1.5 and 3 times higher respectively than those for solid compound 1 and lower than those of solution 1 in acetonitrile by an order of magnitude. The number of photochemical cycles for compound 1 in the solution, the solid state, and the adduct composition is limited by the monomolecular side reaction.

Structure of molecular cocrystals of 18-crown-6 and polyhalogeno-meta-phenylenediamines

T.A. Vaganova1, Yu.V. Gatilov1,2, V.I. Rodionov1, E.V. Malykhin1
1Vorozhtsov Institute of Organic Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
2Novosibirsk National Research State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: молекулярные кристаллы, супрамолекулярная архитектура, рентгеноструктурный анализ, полифторированные соединения, ароматические диамины, 18-краун-6 эфир, функциональные материалы, molecular crystals, supramolecular architecture, single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, polyfluorinated compounds, aromatic diamines, 18-crown-6 ether, functional materials

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A motif of the supramolecular architecture of соcrystals of 18-crown-6 and polychloropolyfluoro-1,3-phenylenediamines or partially fluorinated 1,3-phenylenediamines (1:1 stoichiometry) is infinite 1D ensembles of alternating components. Mutual coordination of molecules in the ensembles is due to the hydrogen bond between crown ether oxygen atoms and hydrogen atoms of polyfluoroarene amino groups. Parameters of the architecture of соcrystals are determined by the effect of the number and positions of substituents (chlorine and fluorine atoms) in the polyhalogenated aromatic ring.

Study of the supramolecular interactions of carboxylic acids used as versatile ligands in coordination chemistry

C.C. Correa1, F.M. Scaldini2, F.C. Machado2, C.B. Pinheiro1
1Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte-MG, Brazil
2Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora-MG, Brazil
Keywords: supramolecular arrangement, carboxylate ligands, X-ray diffraction

Abstract >>
Carboxylate ligands are very versatile because they can adopt different coordination modes towards metal cations, such as monodentate, bidentate-chelate, bidentate bridging and monoatomic bridging. Because of this versatility, these ligands have been widely used in coordination chemistry. In this study the three dimensional structure of the crystal arrangement of 2,5-thiophenedicarboxylic (H2TPD), trans-3-(3-pyridyl)acrylic (HPYA), and 4,4¢-sulfonyldibenzoic (H2SFD) acids are determined in order to investigate their supramolecular properties for coordination polymers and metal-organic framework (MOF) constructions.

Molecular dynamics study of self-radiation damage in mineral matrices

A.E. Grechanovskii1, V.S. Urusov2, N.N. Eremin2
1Semenenko Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy, and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences, Kiiv, 03680 Ukraine
2Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Keywords: атомистическое компьютерное моделирование, радиационная устойчивость минералов, твердые растворы замещения, метод полуэмпирических межатомных потенциалов, метод молекулярной динамики, компьютерное моделирование структуры и свойств кристалла, дефекты Френкеля, atomistic computer simulation, radiation stability of minerals, solid substitution solutions, method of semi-empirical interatomic potentials, molecular dynamics method, computer simulation of the crystal structure and properties, Frenkel defects

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Mechanisms of radiation damages in minerals promising for the utilization of highly active radioactive waste (zircon ZrSiO4, monazite LaPO4, orthophosphate YbPO4, lakargiite CaZr0,8Sn0,1Ti0,1O, and Gd2Zr2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 compounds with the pyrochlore structure) are studied by the computer simulation using the molecular dynamics method. The formation of a damaged region in the structures under study is considered along with the reduction (relaxation) processes in these structures. The number of Frenkel pairs and antistructural defects that form in the structure of these minerals after the pass of the knocked out thorium atom is calculated by the molecular dynamics method. A parameter is proposed that characterizes the mineral tendency to amorphization under the effect of the radiation damage. The obtained results show that one of the main factors determining the radiation stability of minerals is the crystal structure type, compounds with the monazite structure being more radiationally stable than compounds with the zircon structure. It is found that the Gd2Zr2O7 compound and lakargiite have a weaker tendency to amorphization than other minerals such as zircon, monazite, and orthophosphate YbPO4. A high radiation stability of the studied Gd2Zr2O7 compound as well as a solid solution of the composition CaZr0.8Sn0.1Ti0.1O3 makes it possible to propose them as a possible matrix for the utilization of highly active radioactive waste.

Structure 3-methyl-2,3,4,4a, 5,10b-hexahydro-1H-spiro [chromeno [3,4-c] PYRIDINE-1,1'-CYCLOHEXANE] -2,4,5-trione

N.F. Kirillov, E.A. Nikiforova, M.V. Dmitriev, D.V. Baibarodskikh
Perm National Research State University, Perm, 614990 Russia
Keywords: рентгеноструктурный анализ, реакция Реформатского, N-метил-2-оксо-2Н-хромен-3-карбоксамид, метил-бромциклогексанкарбоксилат, спирохроменопиперидиндион, single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, Reformatsky reaction, N-methyl-2-oxo-2Н-chromene-3-carboxamide, methyl bromo cyclohexane carboxylate, spiro chromeno piperidinedione

Abstract >>
By the interaction of methyl 1-bromo cyclohexane carboxylate with zinc and N-methyl-2-oxo-2Н-chromene-3-carboxyamide 3-methyl-2,3,4,4a,5,10b-hexahydro-1H-spiro[chromeno[3,4-c]pyridine-1,1-cyclohexane]-2,4,5-trione is obtained and its structure is determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.

Structure of ionic crystals tiobarbituraty 2-piperidin-2 thiobarbituric acid

N.N. Golovnev1, M.S. Molokeev2,3, I.V. Sterkhova4, I.I. Golovneva5
1Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, 660041 Russia
2Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
3Far Eastern State University of Railway Transport, Khabarovsk, 680000 Russia
4Favorsky Irkutsk Institute of Chemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, 630090 Russia
5Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, 660049 Russia
Keywords: структура, ионные сокристаллы, 2-тиобарбитуровая кислота, пиперидин, водородные связи, ИК спектроскопия, structure, ionic cocrystals, 2-thiobarbituric acid, piperidine, hydrogen bonds, IR spectroscopy

Abstract >>
The structure of ionic cocrystals of piperidinium 2-thiobarbiturate with 2-thiobarbituric acid PipeH+(HTBA-)H2TBA (I) (Н2ТВА is 2-thiobarbituric acid, Pipe is piperidine) is determined. The asymmetric unit of I contains a H2TBA molecule in the form of the thione monocarbonyl tautomer, the HTBA- ion, and the PipeH+ piperidinium ion. The structure is stabilized by the intermolecular O-H⋯O, N-H⋯S, and N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds (HBs) forming a three-dimensional framework. The results of single crystal XRD and IR spectroscopy indicate the formation of a strong O-H⋯O HB. The topological analysis of the HB network in I is performed.

New research condensation products perchlorate 1,2,3,3-TETRAMETILINDOLENILIYA With 2.6-diformyl-4-methyl-phenol

V.V. Tkachev1, M.B. Luk'yanova2, B.S. Luk`yanov2, A.D. Pugachev2, S.M. Aldoshin1, V.I. Minkin2
1Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow oblast’,142432 Russia
2Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, 344090 Russia
Keywords: спиропиран, индолиновый фрагмент, солевая структура, рентгеноструктурный анализ, spiropyran, indoline moiety, salt structure, single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis

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New salt spiropyran is obtained, in which the positive charge is localized on the nitrogen atom of the indoline moiety and the negative charge is localized on the group. The structure of the compound is determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.

Crystal structure and catalytic properties of a two-dimensional copper(ii)coordination polymer derived from rigid BIS(TRIAZOLE)

W.-L. Hou1, G.-Y. Dong2, X. Zhang2
1Hebei Normal University of Science and Technology, Qinhuangdao, Hebei, P. R. China
2North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, Hebei, P. R. China
Keywords: bis(triazole), Cu(II) complex, crystal structure, catalytic property

Abstract >>
A new Cu(II) coordination polymer, namely {[Cu2(btb)2(sip)(OH)]×(H2O)0.25} n (btb = 4,4¢-bis(1,2,4-triazolyl-1-yl)-biphenyl, H3sip = 5-sulfoisophthalic acid), is hydrothermally synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P 21/ c , a = 14.9676(3) Å, b = 14.3478(3) Å, c = 21.2719(5) Å, b = 125.325(2)°, V = 3727.11(14) Å3, Z = 4, C40H28.50Cu2N12O8.25S, M r = 968.39, D c = 1.726 g/cm3, m = 1.274 mm-1. The structural analyses reveal that the compound displays a 2D binodal rarely (4,5)-connected network with 4,5L50 topology. Moreover, the thermal and catalytic properties of the complex for the degradation of the congo red azo dye in a Fenton-like process are investigated.