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Siberian Journal of Forest Science

2015 year, number 5

Number of Chromosomes and Chromosome Rearrangement of Norway Spruce Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. in the Forests of Rilo-Rhodope Mountain in Bulgaria

A. N. Tashev1, T. S. Sedelnikova2, A. V. Pimenov2
1University of Forestry, Kliment Ohridski Blvd., 10, Sofia, 1797 Republic of Bulgaria
2V. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Akademgorodok, 50/28, Krasnoyarsk, 660036 Russian Federation
Keywords: Picea abies, , B-, , , Picea abies, chromosome numbers, B-chromosomes, chromosome rearrangements, Bulgaria

Abstract

Comparative investigations of chromosome numbers and chromosome rearrangements in populations of Norway spruce ( Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.) growing in the territory of State Forest Service «Garmen, «Eleshnitsa, «Yakoruda, «Dobrinishte in Rila-Rhodope mountain region (Bulgaria). Populations are located at the southern border of species range, and protected according to Bern Convention and EC Habitat Directive 92/43. It was found that diploid set of seed progeny of P. abies from the 4 populations studied includes 24 chromosomes (2 n = 2 x = 24). Mixoploidy (2 n = 24, 36; 2 n = 24, 48; 2 n = 24, 36, 48) was detected in some germinating seeds of all studied populations of P. abies. Metaphase cells of germinating seeds of P. abies from State Forest Service «Garmen and «Eleshnitsa contain supernumerary, or B-chromosomes, while the variability of their number and occurrence was observed. In cells of germinating seeds of P. abies from State Forest Service «Yakoruda, «Dobrinishte, B-chromosomes are not revealed. Some chromosome rearrangements such as fragments and ring chromosomes were revealed in metaphase cells of P. abies from populations of «Garmen, «Eleshnitsa and «Dobrinishte. Probably occurrence of mixoploids, B chromosomes and chromosome rearrangements in P. abies populations growing in Rila-Rhodope mountain region is connected with adaptation of trees to the extreme environmental conditions and such a serious factor that presently forests in the studied region located in the zone of natural radioactivity and in the past, the region of study was subjected to substantial anthropogenic pressure due to uranium extraction industry.