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"Philosophy of Education"

2014 year, number 3

The role of inclusive education in the process of increasing the social status of the educational programs for the people with disabilities

G. S. Ptushkin, E. V. Traulko
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Pr. Karla Marksa, 20, Novosibirsk, Russia
Keywords: education, educational program, inclusion, disabled person, person with limited abilities of health, integration, accessibility, social potential, resource centre


In the article there are considered the issues of organization of inclusive education in the European countries and in Russia, an accent is made on the increase of social status of the educational programs for the disabled people, realized with the help of inclusive form of education. The main goal of the article is to reveal, on the basis of problem analysis of the foreign experience, an extent of readiness of the Russian higher education system for realization of the principles of inclusion in a system of vocational training for the disabled people. The inclusive education is a world-wide process, which spreads over all countries, especially those with the developed democracy. It presupposes reforming of the educational organizations and reconstruction of the studying rooms in order that they can meet the needs of the students of all kinds of disability. This form of training and education of the people with limited abilities of their health allows them to co-operate actively with the normally developing citizens and to get from them communicative and educational support. That promotes consolidation of the entire society, development of the principles of tolerance and humanism. Inclusion is an idea of education, removing the obstacles existing in the society. The inclusive school is an inevitable way for Russia, which follows the states with the developed democracy. That testifies to a certain level of political, economic and cultural development of our state. However, the genuine inclusion requires considerable investments necessary for the creation of accessible educational environment. Today only some of higher education institutions can provide such conditions. In the article, a conclusion is made that, based on the formed situation today in Russian higher education institutions, particularly, in the Novosibirsk State Technical University (NSTU), the inclusive education, first of all, can provide social integration of such contingent of students. It is too early to speaking today about creation of conditions of accessibility in all state higher education institutions for all categories of disable people. It is a complicated task, requiring mobilization of material and human resources, reconstruction of academic building and hostels, reformatting of the teachers' approaches for those pedagogues who work in the inclusive groups, changing the mentality toward the disabled people. At the first stages of development of the inclusive education, it is necessary to get support from the Ministry of Education, particularly, to establish a certain quota of recruitment for the higher education institutions, having substantial experience of training the disabled both in the separate and integrated groups. There are only few such higher education institutions in Russia, and the Institute of Social Rehabilitation of the NSTU is one them. Having the twenty-year experience of training the disabled, it can become, undoubtedly, the largest resource centre of the vocational inclusive training in the Siberian region.