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"Philosophy of Education"

2014 year, number 3

Scientific knowledge production during the higher school reform: problems and prospects

V. V. Petrov1,2, E. V. Pokasova1
1Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaeva str., 8, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
2Novosibirsk State University, str. Pirogova, 2, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Keywords: higher education, scientific knowledge, the university Republic, autonomy, control, decision making, educational policy


The efficiency of the education system can be determined by the world rankings of higher education institutions, so one of the important tasks for the domestic universities is defined as entering the «top 100 list»: in accordance with the program «5-100-2020» Russian universities must enter into the world ratings in 2020. Getting into the «Top 100 list» for any university can contribute to attracting students, increasing the number of students and increasing the cost of education in the university. In addition, in the Russian context it is associated with additional budget financing obtained by the university. Effective development of the university involves not only new experiences of production of scientific knowledge, but also the ability to adapt the obtained technologies to the research and educational activities of the existing educational institutions. In the foundation of a successful model of effective university there lies the model of medieval European universities which resembled in their structure a certain political formation, copying the basic organizational principles of classical European republics. The autonomy of universities allowed to protect rights, provide significant academic and scientific, creative freedom to their teachers, and, to a certain extent, to the students as well. In recent decades, the goals of the university system as a whole has undergone a pronounced change, but the principles, on which the classical university education is based, remain unchanged. The paper analyzes the success of the leading Western universities, identifies the key principles for the development of university education. It concludes that the basic principles of scientific knowledge production - namely, the basic research, the availability of academic freedom, diversified funding and autonomous control − will facilitate climbing of the leading Russian universities to the top positions of the world rankings.