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Philosophy of Sciences

2014 year, number 1

The evolution of the ancient cosmogonies: a trial to analyze rational bases and content transference in cosmogonical myths of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Greece – III

I.I. Litovka
Institute of philosophy and law SB RAS, Novosibirsk
Keywords: cosmogony, mythology, natural philosophy, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, rational content


The paper deals with the search and study of rational bases in the content of ancient cosmogonical myths of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Greece in order to retrace interconnection of conceptions of the origin of the world and changes in them in comparison with views of first ancient natural philosophers (presocratics). The analysis is carried out by means of semantic unification of basic [key] concepts in the spirit of more rational Greek philosophy of nature. It makes possible to reveal the substantial structure of knowledge, as well as to find out and compare signs of transcultural evolution of the ancient cosmogonies.