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Philosophy of Sciences

2014 year, number 1

The unity of philosophical theory and medical practice in Galens views

D.A. Balalykin, A.P. Shcheglov, N.P. Shok
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow
Keywords: history of medicine, history of science, Galen, Hippocrates, natural philosophy, natural science


The paper analyzes the famous work «Quod optimus medicus sit idem philosophus («On that the best physician is also a philosopher). The authors translated the original text to let using it by Russian-language scientists within the complex study of medicine of 1st–2nd centuries C.E. in the context of the history of natural science. At present, the study of natural philosophy prerequisites of the appearance of Galens anatomic-physiological system closely connected with knowledge in medicine is one of the most promising scientific areas in the history of medicine.