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2008 , 3

1.
PC P P CPP PP

.. Cp1,2, .. 3
1c p C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
2cpc cpc pc, 630090, cpc, . p, 2, Pcc
3c pc x C P, 630090, cpc, pc. p, 3, Pcc
: , , , p, cpp pp.
: 207-213
: P, X P

>>
pxc , ppp pc p pp cc p Na- c c Na/(Na + K) 0.74 0.89. p (1) pc cc , p (2) - . ccc K+ Na+ pp cc 15-20 .% K+. c p pc p c p c Na/K. p p c cpp p p (Na,K)-, p cpp pp p. p p pc px px (. . px K+ Na+) c x K+.


2.
C P

.. pc
c p p P, 456317, c ., cc, Pcc
: Cp , -, p p, pp p, , p.
: 214-220
: P, X P

>>
p cc p p pc cc pcx px p. c c pp x px p. p pc c pcx pc , xc ppx p px ccx -x p. p c - c cp , cx ppc cc pc c p. pcc c p, x p, pp cpp, (pcc) pxc cxp pc c p, x pcc p, cpp pc ppx p - c cc c pcx cx x p.


3.
C P- PPX P PP JXA8100

.. p, .. p, .. c, ..
c p C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
: p- p, pp p, pp c, p , pp.
: 221-225
: P, X P

>>
pp c pp JXA-8100 xp c p- ppx p (c p 1.0-1.5 %), c p px px c pc c p - p . c p c p xpp, . . pc p c x ccx p - c c p, pc p pc 4-14 .%.


4.
C PP PΖXC C CPX PP C P

.., .C. c, .. px
c x C P, 664033, pc, . pc, 1, Pcc
: c p , pp, p , c .
: 226-234
: P, X P

>>
Cp cpx pp c p (P) cp px px , cc : c, ppc px px; cpp ccpp , ppc cx x; , pp p.
c pp Sr, Ba, Y, Co Cr; , ppc px, - Li, Rb, Cs, Mo, W p p ; cpp - . cp p c xpp x x cx px , c cx; - x.
p px pcx c cp pc c c. Pc cc c p c pp pcp c cc.
c (Eh - +50 +260 ) cp px pcp U , , p p cc, c c p, pc c cx . cp (7 < pH < 10) p px x Eh p px p c Mo W. pp (8 < pH < 9, Eh < 70 ) . p cc (Eh - 200 360 ) (pH > 8) cpp ccp cp px pcp x , ppc c c cx . p, c Eh pc p H2S pp pcp px cx c p cc x px cc U-Mo, W-Au-Sn, Cu, Pb. pp pcp pcx p p p, ppc cx. c c, p cc px c cp pp c c c p pcc, x p px cp p .
cc pp, ppx p , p c , c (3He/4He), c x cx ppx c p P, cc, p pc p, C4, H2O CO2, p cc x px , cx cc pc p.


5.
PC CC C PɖC C CC CPC P

.. , .. *, .. **, .. Cp, .. p
Cpc -ccc c , p cp, 630091, cpc, pc pc., 67, Pcc
* pcpcp, 660049, pcpc, . pc, 62, Pcc
** c, 660074, pcpc, . pc, 66, Pcc
: c c cc, pc , cc, pcc , p-c , p p, ccc p, p p, , , pcpc p.
: 235-243
:

>>
p cccx -px p cx pccpc pc cc c p-c c cc. pc pc, cp cpp. c x p x px pcpc, p pc cx c pcpc p, pcpx pc, c pp c-pc p c c.


6.
P P X P

.. , .. , .C. cc*
c xc p C P, 630090, cpc, . cc, 3, Pcc
* c C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
: P-p, p, , p, p pc.
: 244-247
: X P CP

>>
Pccpc c p p x p (, pc, ) p cx c c P-p. . (Xc, Pcc) p cp cpx p p p c, , c x c ccc p p x . cpc c c p c c cc p p pc - p p p p p p .


7.
CPP PX CP P CCP

..
c C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
: Ccc p, px , c p , Cp, .
: 248-261
:

>>
pxp ccc cpp px c p c p p ~130 000 P- ~11 000 S- p ISC, p pcpp c p ccc c ( 1045 c), pcx p. cpc P - S -, p pc, c xp ccc p c p. pxx cx 200 cpc c pp ccpc Cpc p c c p c . x x pcc c p. c cpc pc Cpc p. cx cx p 0.5 %. p cc cp c cc , cp c , cc p c C c p p , - Cpc p. p pc c p X cc p.


8.
PC C P PCPC PX XPPC

.. , ..
c C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
: pxx pcc, c, cpp, ppc, c p.
: 262-276
:

>>
pc p p pxx xppc c c p pcc p p pcpc. Pccp cc pc pxx xppc. p cc c c c c , p p . c p cc p p p p c cc pc c. , p pcpc c, p pc cc c. p - pcc p cp - pc p pp p c pcx, px p , c p p p cc. , p x ppc, xppx cx cp, pcc pc c xpx c c. pcc px xppc x px cp c p cp. X cc p c pp cp px xppc c c p, x x pcpc pc, p c pp p p pp x pxx pcc (). p c c c p , c p pp, c pc c xpx p c pc px xppc. c pc c c p C, c c xpx .