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Professional Education in the Modern World

2019 year, number 1


D.A. Sevostyanov
Novosibirsk State Agrarian University, Novosibirsk, the Russian Federation
Keywords: иерархия, инверсия, противоречие, образовательные технологии, hierarchy, inversion, contradiction, education, educational technologies


The article deals with the analysis of inverse relations as a research method. This method is used to analyze educational systems. Inversion is rendered as a position in a hierarchical system where the lowest element takes on a dominant meaning in it. The opposite state corresponding to the original relations in the hierarchy is denoted as the order relations. The order in the hierarchy is provided by the action of some organizational principles. Inversions result from the collision of two or more of these principles with each other. As a result, there are internal stresses in the hierarchy that can destroy this system. However, in some cases, these stresses can be useful, because they prepare the next step (aromorphosis) in the self-development of the system, Developed inversions are built into the system and can not be removed from it without devastating consequences. In the field of education, the analysis of inversions has several implications. First, it is necessary to create educational systems for the correct goal setting. The analysis of inversions shows the impact of education on the situation in the social hierarchy. Inversions are manifested directly in the structure of educational activities. This aspect is considered in the article in details. For example, in educational activities inversions are manifested in educational games. In the game, the process of activity becomes more important than the result. Game activity in education remains effective as long as it occupies a niche assigned to it. Inversions are also manifested when the results of control in education are brought to the fore. In this inversion manifest destructive properties. If the controlling activities in teaching become dominant, the learning activity becomes cramming. In this case, the emotional response to the received training task becomes more important than the desire to achieve the goal in its implementation. Thus, the analysis of inversions in hierarchical systems is a very relevant and effective method of research, allowing to identify systemic contradictions. This method is particularly promising in relation to educational systems .