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Region: Economics and Sociology

2008 year, number 2

Siberian vector of economic science

Aganbegyan, A.G.

Abstract >>
The paper analyses the causes and factors of building the economic research institute in Siberia in the 1950th, describes mechanisms for creating the new research center, and formulates the management principles that provided the emergence of a scientific school and long successful work of the institute.

Economic-mathematical studies in Siberia: phases in their forming and progress

Kuleshov, V.V.

Abstract >>
The paper summarizes the theoretic and methodological experience of economic-mathematical modeling and the practice of creating not separate models but a complex of the models of national, sectoral, regional and an enterprise levels. This approach proved to be innovative for the practice of national planning.

Studies of territorial systems

Suspitzin, S.A.

Abstract >>
The paper reviews the researches made by the Department for Territorial Systems Studies, IEIE SB RAS for nearly 40 years. The author puts emphasis on those which were of actual continuity during all the period of the Department

Methodological issues of regional administration

Novoselov, A.S.

Abstract >>
The paper reviews basic stages in shaping the regional administration school of Siberian researchers who studies issues of regional economic self-sufficiency, regional pre-planning, a programming approach to regional economic policies, complex planning in regions, building regional markets and competitive positions of regions. The author proposes major  ways of how to build a system of regional administration allowing for the present-day conditions when many different regional economic units operate in market and may have economic conflicts, the relationship between governmental and market structures, and a system of forecasting and planning for regional development.

Economic sociology school in Novosibirsk at the turning-point of epochs: addressing current challenges

Kalugina, Z.I.

Abstract >>
The paper describes the basic theoretical and application-oriented results obtained by scientists of the Novosibirsk school of economic sociology over 1988-2008 and analyzes the logic and peculiarity of the results. The author specifies three periods of the studies concerning the social processes taken place in Russia at that periods and being some answer to the challenges of that time - monitoring of economic reforms, evolution of institutions and the development of new theoretical and methodological frames to analyze Russian society regarded as an integral socio-economic object.

Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering: milestones in its evolution over 50 years

Kin, A.A. and L.A. Sergeeva

Abstract >>
The authors describe the history of the Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering from the moment of its foundation, and comment the facts and statistics about its 50 years history.

Economic-mathematical studies of multiregional systems

Granberg, A.G., V.I. Suslov and S.A. Suspitzin

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The paper reviews the studies, made for passed years, concerning the multiregional systems applied interregional and intersectoral models; describes basic types of models and characters of their solutions, and discusses how such instruments could be applied to the analysis of the interregional economic interactions, a nuclear and a balance of multiregional systems and identifying effective and non-effective regional coalitions. We also present and analyze the studies concerning the methodology of double-level system modeling

Comparative assessment of regional economies

Kazantzev, S.V.

Abstract >>
The paper proposes a technique to measure differences in socio-economic indicators for regions. The author applies this technique not only to assessing changes in distance of regional socio-economic indicators but also to describing the nature of shifts and how each indicator defines a relative position of a region. The allowance for measures of inaccuracy of the statistical data used was made.

Modeling federal support for regions (a case-study for Siberian Federal District)

Lavrovsky, B.L. and E.A. Postnikova

Abstract >>
The major difficulty in modeling federal support is to combine the equalizing fiscal capacities of regions with building conditions and incentives for regional authorities to accumulate their economic (fiscal) potential. The paper analyses one of possible variants of such model where the attempt to harmonize these, generally speaking, contradictory targets was made. To imitate different variants of fiscal capacities in regions which reflect both the production scopes in regions and the horizontal and vertical tax flows, and to find the situations of equilibrium in one or another sense is a key idea of our model concept.

Myths and "reefs" about Russian regional development and regional policy

Seliverstov, V.E.

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The paper considers a number of provisions of the world and domestic concepts on the regional development which concern the evaluation of Russia regional development or being regarded as basis for a regional policy and proposed officially.

Regional proportions of Russian economic growth

Mikheeva, N.N.

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The paper considers how proportions in the large macroregions development have changed in the context of the country

Ownership in consumer cooperative societies

Danilova, L.I.

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The paper considers a key problem of consumer

On the Northern Siberia Trunk-railway Concept

Kibalov, E.B., A.A. Kin and K.L. Komarov

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The paper analyses the Northern Siberia Trunk-railway Concept developed by the Institute for Regional Policy. It is shown that the Concept does not contain those required provisions which could make the Concept a scientifically valid document going before the implementation of this project and allowing for an uncertainty factor as the project is of a unique scope and complexity. The institutional aspects also require proper elaboration. The technical and economic indicators applied to validate the project proved to be disputable. We suggest that the expected effectiveness of the Project should be compared with other projects concerning the development of the Siberian railway system, and then the priorities of such projects be determined.

Contours of regional competition

Vazhenin, S.G. and I.S. Vazhenina

Abstract >>
The paper analyzes certain aspects of competitiveness between regions on the base of the data obtained by questioning the representatives of authorities and business in Ural region. We focus on the nature and directions of competitive struggle between regions, identifying the indicators of regional competitiveness, the roles which regional administrations play in regional competition and the gist of regional competitive advantages. We also state that the atmosphere of trust should be necessarily built in the society as well as the good relationship between authorities of different levels and business. The important tools to enhance the competitiveness of regions are public-private partnership, clusterization of economies and logical and continuous shaping of regional images and reputations.

Developing the oil-and-gas potential of Western Siberia and Yakutia: problems and capacities

Sevastyanova, A.E., V.V. Shmat and V.I. Konstantinov

Abstract >>
The paper describes the character of a hydrocarbonic resource base in Western Siberia and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), an economic-geographical location of this area, its economic development, a governmental policy towards it and institutional barriers for developing the oil-and-gas potentials under hazardous climatic conditions of this remote and underpopulated area. The factors why there are many problems in the development of this area are the same that impede the overall development of the oil-and-gas industry in Russia at present.

Perspectives of Russian natural-gas supply to the countries of Asia-Pacific Region

Kontorovich, A.E., A.G. Korzhubaev and L.V. Eder

Abstract >>
The paper presents and validates the quantitative estimations and principles of gas supply to new Eastern markets, and describes the problems and threats connected with this. Having analyzed the conditions and perspectives of the natural-gas industry development in Russia, and using analytical data and quantitative information about the systems of gas supply in counties of the Asia-Pacific Region, first of all in the Northeast Asia, we could show the prospects of our cooperation with such countries. In our analysis we used publicly available information of Russian and overseas mass-media including electronic ones, as well as those obtained through our study of the production enterprises and infrastructure in Northeast Asia countries.

Innovations as a base to optimize and harmonize operating rates

Titov, V.V.

Abstract >>
To balance the operating rates of an enterprise or corporation is one of the most important factors for building an effective management system. The paper presents one of such methodological approaches. To build such system which include the coordinated management indicators used in different functional subsystems and at different management levels, we propose the use of the optimization models involving innovations to enhance corporate competitive advantages in markets as well as to balance those rates concerning the inside corporate operation.

Mining as a primary cause of well-being in the North-West Territories, Canada.

Paget D.

Abstract >>
The paper-presentation analyzes Canadian practices of federal support, the Aboriginal self-development, relations between the federal and Northern governments and mechanisms aimed at better use of natural resources  in the North.

Strategic planning and assessment of regional programs: Canadian practices

Gumerova, A.A.

Abstract >>
The paper summarizes the output of the Russia-Canada Workshop on "Strategic Planning and Assessment of Regional Programs". The author analyzes the practices of strategic planning in Russia and Canada as well as the possible evolution of strategic planning in Russia in case we would apply the best Canadian practices.