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Издательство СО РАН

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Поиск по журналу

Сибирский экологический журнал

2016 год, номер 3

Vegetation of the Hydrochari-Lemnetea and Potametea classes in the Danube-Tisza-Danube hydrosystem (Serbia)

D. Dzigurski, L. Nikolic, B. Ljevnaic-Masic
University of Novi Sad, 21000, Serbia, Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovica, 8
branа@polj.uns.ac.rs
Ключевые слова: Hydrochari-Lemnetea, Potametea, properties of water, eutrophication, macrophytes
Страницы: 390-404

Аннотация

Aquatic vegetation of Hydrochari-Lemnetea and Potametea classes in the Danube-Tisza-Danube hydrosystem (Hs DTD) was studied in 2009-2012, by applying the standard Braun-Blanquet method. The canal network vegetation comprises 14 associations, with Trapetum nаtantis and Ceratophylletum demersi being the most widely distributed. Hs DTD is also a habitat for several important endangered species, which serve as edificators of the following phytocenoses: Nymphaeetum albae, Nymphaeetum albo-luteae, Nymphoidetum peltatae, Trapetum nаtantis, Lemno-Spirodeletum, Salvinio-Spirodeletum polyrrhizae, Lemno-Utricularietum vulgaris, Potametum nodosi, Myriophyllo-Potametum and Najadetum marinаe. In the studied vegetation, we also found an invasive phytocenosis Elodeetum canadensis that did not have an expanding tendency, and Ceratophyllo demersi-Vallisnerietum spiralis that had this tendency, which made monitoring its stands necessary. Physico-chemical analyses of water, conducted at localities in which the studied phytocenoses thrive, revealed that the development and distribution of most phytocenoses is closely linked with specific habitat conditions. Among the studied parameters, the most significant for the phytocenoses differentiation were: pH, alkalinity, COD-MnO4, BOD5, NO3-, NO2-, PO43- and the concentration of total phosphorus.

DOI: 10.15372/SEJ20160310