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Поиск по журналу

Журнал структурной химии

2011 год, номер 3

STUDY OF VIBRATIONAL SPECTRA AND THEIR ASSIGNMENTS FOR PHENYLPHOSPHONIC AND PHENYLTHIOPHOSPHONIC ACID AND COMPARISON TO EXPERIMENTS

W. Forner, H.M. Badawi
Department of Chemistry, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM)
forner@kfupm.edu.sa
Ключевые слова: DFT and MP2 calculations, normal coordinate analyses, vibrational spectra and assignments, phenylphosphonic acid, phenylthiophosphonic acid
Страницы: 487-494

Аннотация

The structures and conformational stabilities of phenylphosphonic and phenylthiophosphonic acids are investigated using calculations mostly at the DFT/6-311G** level and ab initio ones at the MP2/6-311G** level (no frequency calculations in the latter case), because we know from our previous results that the addition of diffuse functions to a valence triple zeta basis with polarization functions might lead to an unbalanced basis set. Further, the experience tells that for large energy differences between conformers, DFT works very well. From the calculations the molecules are predicted to exist in a conformational equilibrium consisting of two non (near)-planar conformers that are identical by symmetry. Interestingly, in the internal rotation potential functions the planar conformer appears to be a stable minimum (also optimization converges to planar), however the vibrational frequencies were computed and the planar conformer exhibited an imaginary one, indicating that it is a maximum with respect to one of the internal coordinates. Only optimization without any restrictions and starting from a non (near)-planar structure converged to a real minimum with a non (near)-planar geometry. In the minimum structure, vibrational infrared and Raman spectra are calculated and those for phenylphosphonic acid are compared to experimental ones, showing satisfactory agreement. The rather low intensity of the OH bands in the experimental infrared spectrum (as compared to normal organic acids) indicates rather weak hydrogen bonding with at most dimers present. Normal coordinate calculations are carried out and potential energy distributions are calculated for the molecules in the non (near)-planar conformations providing a complete assignment of the vibrational modes to atomic motions in the molecules. From the rather low rotational barriers we conclude, in agreement with the results from the literature (for other P=O compounds) based on localized orbitals, that conjugation effects are absent - or at least negligible - as compared to electrostatic and steric ones.