Издательство СО РАН

Издательство СО РАН

Адрес Издательства СО РАН: Россия, 630090, а/я 187
Новосибирск, Морской пр., 2

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Поиск по журналу

Химия в интересах устойчивого развития

2008 год, номер 2

Porous Properties of Silica Prepared by Selective Acid Leaching of Heat-Treated Vermiculite

J. Temuujin1, A. Minjigmaa1, Ts. Jadambaa2, S. Tsend-Ayush2, K. J. D. MacKenzie3
1Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences,
Ulaanbaatar 51 (Mongolia)
E-mail: jtemuujin@yahoo.com
2New Materials Center, Mongolian University of Science and Technology,
Ulanbaatar 46 (Mongolia)
3MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington (New Zealand)
Ключевые слова: vermiculite, acid leaching, mesoporous silica, heating
Страницы: 223–227

Аннотация

The porous properties of silica prepared from heat-treated Transvaal vermiculite (South Africa) by acid leaching were determined. The effect of temperature on the destruction of the crystal structure of the vermiculite was determined, leading to the adoption of heating conditions of 600 °C for 2 h which produce a fully amorphous sample. The heat-treated samples were leached with 2 M hydrochloric acid at 80 °C for 0.5, 2 and 8 h and their porous properties were characterized by measuring their specific surface areas and pore volumes. The highest surface area and pore volume (559 m2/g and 0.51 ml/g) was obtained for the sample leached for 8 h. Thermal amorphisation of vermiculite exerts a negative influence on the porous properties of the mineral.