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Flora and Vegetation of Asian Russia

2016 year, number 1

1.
THE ALGAE OF THE MINERALIZED ULUGKOL LAKE (Russia, Khakasia)

E.G. Makeeva1,2, Yu.V. Naumenko3
1“Khakassky” State Nature Reserve, 655017, Abakan, Tsukanovoi str., 164
meg77@yandex.ru
2Katanov Khakass State University, 655000, Abakan, Lenin str., 90
3Central Siberian Botanical Garden, SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Zolotodolinskaya str., 101
Naumenko55@ngs.ru
Keywords: альгофлора, доминирующий комплекс, минерализованное озеро, Хакасия, Южная Сибирь, algae flora, dominating complex, mineralized lake, Khakasia, South Siberia

Abstract >>
The data about algae flora of the mineralized Ulugkol Lake (The State Nature Reserve “Khakassky”). Taxonomic list of seaweed is presented by 109 taxons from specific and intraspecific rank, belonging to 55 genus, 36 families, 9 classes and 5 departments. With respect to species diversity, two division Bacillariophyta - 67 taxons and Cyanoprocaryota - 25 taxons, are distinguished. The greatest number of species has been noted in benthos. Dominants of the plankton and benthos associations are mainly applies to the halophilous and mesogalobous organisms.
																								



2.
LICHEN BIOTA OF REPUBLIC ALTAI

N.V. Sedelnikova
Central Siberian Botanical Garden, SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Zolotodolinskaya str., 101
sedelnikova-csbg@mail.ru
Keywords: разнообразие, лихенобиота, семейство, род, лишайниковый коэффициент, синузия, доминант, постоянный вид, Республика Алтай, diversity, lichen biota, family, genera, lichen coefficient, synusium, dominant, constant species, Republic Altai

Abstract >>
As result of the generalization of the whole lichenologic information on Republic Altai, predominantly peculiar, the extent of species diversity its lichen biota currently comprising 1711 species from 310 genera and 94 families has been determined for the first time. The participation of the lichens at the desert steppes, true low cespitose and tall cespitose steppe plant communities of the mountain-steppe belt has been appreciated.
																								



3.
PINUS SIBIRICA (PINACEAE) LIVING FORM AT FOREST-TUNDRA MOUNTAIN ECOTONE IN SEVERO-CHUISKY RANGE (THE ALTAI MOUNTAINS)

S.A. Nikolaeva, E.O. Filimonova
Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, SB RAS, 634055, Tomsk, Academichesky prosp., 10/3
sanikol1@rambler.ru
Keywords: Pinus sibirica, жизненные формы, лесотундровый экотон, горно-ледниковый бассейн Актру, Центральный Алтай, Pinus sibirica, living form, forest-tundra mountain ecotone, Aktru mountain glacial basin, the Altai

Abstract >>
Seven Pinus sibirica living form (single-stemmed, few-stemmed and multi-stemmed straight-stemmed trunk trees, supra nival skirted, shrub-like form, elfin tree, and living windfallen tree) as well as one relatively autonomous morphological structure (elfin wood form in the tree butt of the straight-stemmed trunk mother tree) are identified and described at forest-tundra mountain ecotone in the Aktru mountain glacial basin (Severo-Chuisky Range, the Altai Mountains). Ways of their formation are considered. The main reason of the formation of the living forms excluding the one-stemmed straight-stemmed trunk trees with symmetric crown is death of tree fragments because of weather factors or geomorphological events. During XX century the climatic conditions at the forest-tundra mountain ecotone in the basin were favourable for growth of the living forms of P. sibirica straight-stemmed trunk trees .
																								



4.
VARIABILITY OF FEMALE AND MALE FLORAL CHARACTERS OF POTENTILLA BIFURCA (ROSACEAE) IN THE ALTAI-SAYAN MOUNTAIN REGION

V.N. Godin
Moscow State Pedagogical University, 129164, Kibalchicha str., 6, Bldg. 5
godinvn@yandex.ru
Keywords: Potentilla bifurca, пол, цветок, Алтае-Саянская горная область, Potentilla bifurca, sex, flower, Altai-Sayan Mountain region

Abstract >>
The variability structure of 18 morphological floral characters of Potentilla bifurca in 28 coenopopulations of Altai-Sayan Mountain region has been studied. Classification of the characters studied into groups on the basis of relative variability and determinacy has been performed. Distinctions between flower indices individuals of coenopopulations (40.0-92.5 %), coenopopulations in a province (9.5-50.6 %) and coenopopulations in diff erent provinces (2.9-27.1 %) contribute signifi cantly to total variation. Evidence of sexual dimorphism in P. bifurca flowers is independent of conditions of growth.
																								



5.
DEVELOPMENT OF FILIPENDULA ULMARIA (ROSACEAE) AND ONTOGENETIC STRUCTURE OF IT’S COENOPOPULATIONS IN THE SOUTH OF WEST SIBERIA

E.K. Komarevtseva, V.A. Cheryomushkina
Central Siberian Botanical Garden, SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Zolotodolinskaya str., 101
elizavetakomarevceva@yandex.ru
Keywords: жизненная форма, корневище, монокарпический побег, лабазник вязолистный, онтогенетический спектр ценопопуляции, юг Западной Сибири, life form, rhizome, mesorosular monocarpic shoot, meadowsweet, coenopopulation ontogenetic spec trum, south of West Siberia

Abstract >>
The results of the investigation of five cоenopopulations of Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim. in the south of West Siberia and Mountain Altai are presented. Ontogenesis of the soboliferous short-rhizome life form was studied. The main structural individual unit of an adult individual is a dicyclic mesorosular monocarpic shoot, there are shoots with incomplete development cycle (latent generative shoots). Two types of populations ontogenetic spectra were revealed: unimodal spectrum in strongly sward coenosises and left-hand spectrum at moderate grazing pressure. The most powerfull plants grow in the fl oodplain coenosises.
																								



6.
THE ANNOTATED SYNOPSIS OF SUBFAMILY CICHORIOIDEAE (ASTERACEAE, COMPOSITAE) OF ASIAN RUSSIA II. Tribe Cichorieae, subtribe Hyoseridinae Less

A.A. Krasnikov
Central Siberian Botanical Garden, SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Zolotodolinskaya str., 101
tarax@mail.ru
Keywords: Asteraceae, подсемейство Cichorioideae, триба Cichorieae, подтриба Hyoseridinae, род Son chus, Азиатская Россия, Asteraceae, subfamily Cichorioideae, tribe Cichorieae, subtribe Hyoseridinae, genus Sonchus, Asian Russia

Abstract >>
The annotated synopsis of the subtribe Hyoseridinae Less. including one genus: Sonchus L. (5 species) and the distribution of species in the administrative regions of Asian Russia are given.
																								



7.
TYPE SPECIMENS OF THE TAXA OF POACEAE FAMILY IN COLLECTION OF M.G. POPOV HERBARIUM (NSK)

S.V. Ovchinnikova, O.D. Nikiforova, V.M. Doron′kin, N.V. Vlasova, I.N. Shekhovtsova, E.A. Pinzhenina
Central Siberian Botanical Garden, SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Zolotodolinskaya str., 101
sv-ovchin@yandex.ru
Keywords: Poaceae, типовые образцы, типификация, Гербарий имени М.Г. Попова, Poaceae, type specimens, typification, M.G. Popov Herbarium

Abstract >>
The article contains information about the type materials for 36 taxa of the family Poaceae kept in M.G. Popov Herbarium of the Central Siberian Botanical Garden SB RAS (NSK). The type category is indicated, text of the original label and text of protologue are cited for each specimen. 104 type specimens were found in collections, including the 8 lectotypes, the 7 isolectotypes, 15 holotypes, 24 isotypes, the 1 syntype and 49 paratypes, the 7 authentic specimens was found. Lectotypes for name of 8 taxons were designated: Festuca chionobia T.V. Egorova et Sipliv., Hierochloë glabra Trin. subsp. chakassica Peschkova, Poa altaica Trin. f. subtilis Malyschev, P. barguzinensis Popov, P. botryoides (Trin. ex Griseb.) Roshev. var. glaucissima Popov, P. botryoides var. pendula Popov (NSK) and lectotypes for Elymus pallidissimus (Popov) Peschkova, Festuca popovii E.B. Alexeev (LE). The description of new species Bromopsis malyschevii N. Vlassova is suggested instead of two invalid taxons.
																								



8.
MICROSPORANGIUM WALL STRUCTURE IN TROLLIUS LEDEBOURII (RANUNCULACEAE)

L.V. Buglova
Central Siberian Botanical Garden, SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Zolotodolonsksja str., 101
astro11@rambler.ru
Keywords: микроспорангии, микроспоры, стенка микроспорангия, эпидермис, эндотеций, средний слой, тапетум, фиброзные утолщения, microsporangium, microspores, pollen sac wall, epidermis, endothecium, middle layer, tapetum, fi brous thickenings. ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Abstract >>
We studied microsporangium wall structure in Trollius ledebourii Reischenb. The mature microsporangium has a 3 layer wall. Differentiation of its layers occurs centripetally, its correlation with periods of sporogenous tissue development was established. We first detected intermediate type of cells developing between meiocytes and tapetum during abnormal microsporogenesis. Dependence of pollen grains development abnormalities on tapetum and endothecium structure changes was revealed.
																								



9.
THE ANATOMY STRUCTURE OF ARISAEMA AMURENSIS (ARACEAE) THE CONTEXT OF THE SPECIES ECOLOGY

D.Yu. Tsyrenova, A.S. Varfolomeeva
Pacific National University, 680035, Khabarovsk, Tihookeanskaya str., 136
Duma@mail.ru
Keywords: Arisaema amurensis, микроморфология, Хабаровский край, Arisaema amurensis, micromorphology, Khabarovsk region

Abstract >>
The results of anatomic investigation and overground organs of Arisaema amurensis Maxim. are represented. Th ese results may be used as the perspective for the introduction as the exotic and decorative culture. It is very interesting that tuberbulbs of these plants were covered with the significant coating tissue as the periderm of Dicotyledon plants.
																								



10.
RARE AND RELICT SPECIES IN FLORA OF THE SELENGA MOUNTAINS (Western Transbaikalia)

B.B. Namzalov1, D.G. Chimitov1, O.V. Imetkhenova2, M.B-Tz. Namzalov1, S.Ch. Banaeva1
1Buryat State University, 670000, Ulan-Ude, Smolin str., 24a
namzalov@rambler.ru
2East Siberian State University of Technology end Management, 670013, Ulan-Ude, Kluchevskaya str., 40V
dabac@mail.ru
Keywords: редкие виды растений, реликты, Селенгинское среднегорье, Красная книга, Западное Забайкалье, rare species plants, relict, Selenga Mountains, Red book, Western Transbaikalia

Abstract >>
Data about findings the new localities of the 7 rare and relict species ( Stipa desertorum , Helictotrichon altaicum , Allium nutans , Cotoneaster mongolicus , Stenosolenium saxatile , Rhamnus erythroxylon , Physochlaina physaloides ), of them 2 new species ( Allium nutans L., Stipa desertorums (Roshev.) Ikonn.) for flora of the Selenga Mountain in Western Transbaikalia of the Republic Buryatia.
																								



11.
FLORA OF THE SOUTHERN TUNDRA SUBZONE ON THE TAIMYR PENINSULA

E.B. Pospelova, I.N. Pospelov
Zapovedniki Taimyra, 663305, Norilsk, Talnakhskaya str., 22, entrance 2
zapoved.taimyra@mail.ru
Keywords: тундра, подзона южных (кустарниковых) тундр, флора сосудистых растений, гео эле менты, эколого-ценотические элементы, флористическое районирование, Таймыр, tundra, subzone of southern (shrub) tundra, vascular flora, geo-elements, ecoceno-elements, fl oristic re gionalization, Taimyr

Abstract >>
On the territory of Taimyr southern tundra subzone (ST) 545 species of vascular plants are noted. Th e composition and structure of flora of the Western (W) and East (E) sectors of subzone are distinctly different, they are regarded as independent floristic regions. The share of arctic and east-asian species is greater in E flora, boreal and euroasian greater in W. The groups of characteristic species, marking northern and southern ST boundaries are detected.