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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2021 year, number


A.O. Anisimov
State Public Scientific Technological Library SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: I.P. Ladyzhnikov, publishing house, Russian Diaspora, Bolshevik Party, I.P. Ladyzhnikov Publishing House


The article examines the problem of party affiliation of I. P. Ladyzhnkov (1874-1945), the most famous figure in the book business of the Russian Diaspora. I.P. Ladyzhnikov belonged to the cohort of so-called old Bolsheviks, and he was for a long time the head of the Bolshevik Publishing House by I.P. Ladyzhnikov in Berlin, who successfully replenished the party treasury, and was involved in RSDLP(b) conspiratorial work abroad as well. The author proves that I.P. Ladyzhnikov, taking an active part in illegal Bolshevik activities abroad, never officially joined the ranks of RSDLP(b)-RCP(b). The paper emphasizes that while carrying out conspiratorial actions together with such key figures of early Bolshevism as L.B. Krasin, M.M. Litvinov, A.A. Bogdanov, I.P. Ladyzhnikov coordinated directly with V.I. Lenin the issue of his party status. It notes that the official non-party status of I.P. Ladyzhnikov was unknown to both ordinary party members, and such authoritative party figures as V.D. Bonch-Bruevich, A.M. Gorky, who played a key role in Ladyzhnikovs life. His non-party position could be traced to 1917 and in the first half of the 1920s, when I.P. Ladyzhnikov took the official position of the division head of the USSR Peoples Commissariat for Foreign Trade in Berlin. The article analyzes documents on an unsuccessful attempt by I.P. Ladyzhnikov to join the ranks of the Bolshevik Party in 1925. The author states possible reasons to refuse his request.