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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2021 year, number 2

MIGRATION PROCESSES IN THE MODERN MUSEUM SPACE: THE PRACTICES OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF IMMIGRATION HISTORY (FRANCE)

E.A. Erokhina
Institute of Philosophy and Law SB RAS, 8, Nikolaev str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Keywords: history, Siberia, Russia, France, migration, museum, national identity, ethnic diversity, integration

Abstract

The most difficult barrier among many barriers generated by globalization to overcome is the ethno-cultural one from the integration view point. It is rooted in linguistic, religious factors, the collective memory features and overcoming collective trauma both in Russia and Europe. Globalization makes national borders permeable by moving large groups of people. The identity crisis caused by migration creates a certain tension in the society. How relevant is the concept of a nation as citizenship formed in the XX century for the XXI century and new realities? This problem is acute for the host communities in Russia and the United States, European Union countries, where there are high standards of the life quality and social security. France is a country with a high level of migratory population growth. The attitude to the colonial past of France, as well as to the process of the entry of certain national outskirts into the Russian Empire/USSR, continues to remain ambiguous, inter alia due to the deep roots in the memory of living generations of the local war consequences of the XX century. The ultimate form of memory representation is the museum space. The article examines the experience of educational and scientific activities of the National museum of the history of immigration in Paris as an element of a creative strategy to integrate and adapt immigrants into the French society. The author gives the analysis of its activity practices with visitors on-line and off-line, the specifics of organizing a creative museum space, and interaction with civil society, using historical and cultural heritage to achieve project goals. The study was carried out using the methods of participatory observation and analysis of social networks of the Palais de Port-Dore, where the museum’s permanent and temporary exhibitions are located. The research work was carried out in the first half of 2020, before the COVID-19 pandemic onset, during the implementation of limited measures and just after the self-isolation regime withdrawal. The conclusion is drawn about the applicability of this experience in relation to the museum industry of Siberia as a region of the Russian Federation with a rich and diverse historical and cultural heritage.