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Philosophy of Sciences

2021 year, number 2


Anton Igorevich Zhelnin
Perm State National Research University, 15, Bukireva st., Perm, 614990
Keywords: information, biological information, bioinformation, management, biomanagement, self-preservation, adaptation, information environment, infosphere, directed evolution


Information has many interpretations, but there are strong arguments in favor of the fact that this phenomenon is objective and serves as an indicator of the complexity of the system. One of the bases for classifying its types may be the hierarchy of levels of material organization. Modern society has moved on to the systematic use of mostly physical information. Biological information, which is represented by genetic, nervous, and other signaling processes in organism, also appears to have a physical (in particular electromagnetic) and chemical shell, but is not reduced to the latter, because it expresses the properties of self-preservation and adaptation that are emergent qualities of the living matter. On the other hand, physical information has formed the global information environment, that is the infosphere, which has begun to have biological (stressful, maladaptive) effects on humans. The dual key to managing biological information and overcoming these negative effects is the further deepening of bioknoledge and ecoknowledge, as well as its active conversion into appropriate technologies. In the future, it becomes possible to regulate the information flow of the highest biological level, i.e. the biosphere, as well as to transit to the directed evolution. Since the management of bioinformation processes can directly affect the vital aspects of human life, the development of its strong limiting regulators is expected. They will have both bioethical and biolegal bases and suggest a complex anthropological expertise.