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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2020 year, number 3

WOODEN MICROSCULPTURE AS A CULTURAL HERITAGE OF CENTRAL ASIA (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF KHARKHORIN MUSEUM)

A.I. BURAEV
Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies SB RAS, 6, Sakhyanova Str., Ulan-Ude, 670047, Russian Federation
Keywords: Монголия, Хархорум, империя Тан, тюрки, Средневековье, курган, деревянная скульптура, археология, антропология, музей, культурное наследие, Mongolia, Kharkhorum, Tan`s empire, Turks, Middle Ages, barrow, wooden sculpture, archeology, anthropology, museum, cultural heritage

Abstract

The report analyzes the sculptural materials made of wood, originating from the Ulan Kherem Shoronbumba-gar mound in the Bayannuur Somon of Bulgansky aimak, Mongolia. The study objective is the introduction of new materials on the anthropology of Medieval Mongolia into scientific circulation. It considers possibility of using sculptural images to reconstruct the anthropological composition of the region’s population. The author has recorded indisputable analogs with sculptures from Turkic time ShoroonBumbagar mound in ZamarSomon of the Central aimak in Mongolia, dedicated to the ruler of the Pugu tribe and the province head of the Tan I-shu-to-e empire unequivocally dated 678 A.D. The author studied four full-length figures and 17 fragmented images. Based on the analysis of the statuettes’ anthropological features, the paper concludes on the presence of a Chinese (Tan) element among the Turkic-speaking nomads of Mongolia in the VII century.