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Thermophysics and Aeromechanics

2019 year, number 6

Turbulization of a wake behind the double roughness elements in a hypersonic boundary layer

P.A. Polivanov, Yu.V. Gromyko, A.A. Maslov
Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
Keywords: пограничный слой, гиперзвуковые скорости, ламинарно-турбулентный переход, одиночная и парная шероховатости, развитие возмущений, boundary layer, hypersonic velocities, laminar-turbulent transition, single and double roughness elements, disturbance development


The study of the effect of close placing of two individual elements of roughness with the cylindrical shape on the nature of laminar-turbulent transition were performed. Experiments were performed for a blunt conical model with the radius 9 mm at Mach number М = 5. These double elements of roughness with different heights and divergence angles between elements were allocated at the blunted nose of the tested model. Measurements with a hot-wire anemometer provided information about the averaged and unsteady parameters of the boundary layer in the wake behind the roughness elements. For all types of roughness, we confirmed existence of an effective height of roughness; for the heights above the effective one, we observe deformation of the boundary layer margin and the growth of nonequilibrium in the wake. Process of turbulization behind a double roughness element (similar to the case of single roughness) is accompanied by the generation of longitudinal vortices and by the deformation of the velocity profile. Depending on this deformation, pulsations in the wake either enhance or decline. In contrast to the single roughness configuration, the double element roughness decreases the mass flowrate for a narrow range of angles (and fullness of the boundary layer profile is more significant). Meanwhile, flow turbulization occurs right behind the single element of turbulization, for the case of double element turbulization, the main gain in the mass flowrate occurs with the wake (developing from the boundary between twin elements). Roughness has significant influence on unsteady characteristics of the boundary layer (when the height of roughness element is lower than the effective height). The wake downstream the double elements roughness exhibits the interaction between vortices, and this reduces the effective Reynolds number (compared to the case of single roughness).