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Journal of Mining Sciences

2019 year, number 6

Research and Development of Bio-Degassing Technologies for Coal Fields

M. V. Kurlenya1, E. K. Emel’yanova2,3, I. S. Andreeva3, A. V. Savchenko1
1Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
2Novosibirsk State Medical University, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
3State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR, Kol’tsovo, Novosibirsk, 630559 Russia
Keywords: метанотрофы, метанокисляющие микроорганизмы, дегазация угольных пластов, метан, горные выработки, Methanotrophs, methane-oxidizing microorganisms, coal seam degassing, methane, roadways


The current situation and development trends in the biological degassing of coal are reviewed. It is shown that methane desorption is a consequence of rock mass destruction by activity of microorganisms and releasing bacterial metabolites. The influence of microorganisms on coal as a function of a prevailing microbial community and its variety, access of oxygen and nutritious substrates is observed. Advancement of the biological method for coal field degassing based on the methanotrophy is discussed.