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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2019 year, number 4

MATERIAL LEGACY OF NOMADS: FELT IN THE EXHIBITION OF THE MUSEUM OF KALMYK TRADITIONAL CULTURE NAMED AFTER ZAYA-PANDITA

S.G. Batyreva
Kalmyk Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 8. Ilishkina Str, Elista, 358000, Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation
Keywords: экспозиция, информация, концепция, Музей им. Зая-Пандиты, калмыки, традиционное наследие номадов, войлок, коллекция, exposition, information, concept, Museum of Traditional Culture named after Zaya-padita KalmSC RAS, Kalmyks, traditional heritage of nomads, felt, collection

Abstract

The article devoted to the exposition of the Zay-Pandita Museum of KalmSC RAS, shows its originality in the iconic dominants of the nomads’ economic activity. The specificity of culture is represented by the soft felt part of the home as a result of human adaptation to the natural environment. The problem of exhibiting is solved in the information field of a symbolic model of the house, rich in artifacts of crafts and, in particular, felting. The exposition module of the museum of traditional culture was found in the spherical, wooden frame of the “Ishkger” trolley, which enclosed the time and space of the nomadic universe in the circle of being. The felt-wooden structure of the dwelling is reconcepttualized as the material context of the exposition, in which details and objects form an organic whole. The living sphere is likened to a natural panorama showcase in an open exhibit of the object environment. The species and complex completeness of the museum collections is presented in the historical and cultural approach and methodology of ethnocultural display of Kalmyk household items. The material is systematized according to the principle of sections uniting objects into “groups of cultural phenomena”: tools, clothes, household items, religious accessories made of wood, metal, fabric, felt and leather. The decoration of a dwelling, ornamental quilted decor of felt mats conceptually assembled in an interior ensemble is perceived as a universal code of ethnic culture.