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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2019 year, number 4

COOPERATIVE DEYATEL IN TOMSK AS PART OF THE SOCIO-CULTURAL IMAGE OF THE PROVINCIAL CENTER (1912-1918)

G.M. Zaporozhchenko
Institute of History SB RAS, 8, Nikolaev str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Keywords: , «», , , , consumer cooperation, consumer society “Deyatel’”, Tomsk, Siberia, modernization

Abstract

The article studies the history of consumer society Deyatel (1912-1918) in Tomsk based on the Charter, reports, protocols in the framework of the modernization concept considering cooperation as an exo-innovation factor of the modernization transition. The author marks the ideological influence of social democrats and social revolutionaries on its activity. Deyatel had the cooperative common characteristics that time: a lack of experience and control by the managers, a chronic shortage of working capital, commercial benefits pursuit, weak development of cultural activities. The paper considers them as consequences of the commodity and money market crisis, managerial errors and abuses. The cooperative experience of uniting the population to solve urgent life problems, forming a culture of social action is relevant in the light of modern theories of the participation economy.