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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2019 year, number 4

RUSSIAN WOMEN JOURNALISTS OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX - EARLY ХХ CENTURIES AS AUTHORS OF EGO-DOCUMENTS

A.A. Staryshkina
Novosibirsk State Regional Scientific Library, 6, Sovetskaya str., Novosibirsk, 630007, Russian Federation
Keywords: эго-документы, русские журналистки, авторский состав, сословное происхождение, образование, профессиональная специализация, ego-documents, Russian journalists, authorship, social origin, education, professional activities

Abstract

The article is devoted to the identification of key characteristics of the Russian women- journalists’ corpus - who were authors of ego-documents at the second half of the XIX - early XX centuries. The author establishes social origin, educational level, marital status and professional specialization of women - authors of texts of memoirs, autobiographies and diaries. The main sources of the article are the ego-documents of women journalists. The author uses dictionaries and other editions of biobibliographical nature, as well as research papers containing information about biography and professional activity of staff members of periodicals, who left sources of personal origin. The author’s composition varied in quality despite its relatively small size. It includes employees of periodicals, who were of a noble, merchant, spiritual and peasant origin. Social status together with generational affiliation had a significant impact on the methods of upbringing, concept of education and its level amond the future women journalists. The high level of education allowed holding various positions in the editorial office, as well as having a wide professional specialization. Among the journalists who left ego-documents are publishers, editors, department heads, secretaries, proofreaders, feuilletonists, reporters, correspondents, columnists, literary and theatrical critics and reviewers, translators, novelists. At the same time, women often combined these activities at different stages of their lives, or they held multiple positions at the same time. Marital status influenced the professional career. A significant problem for women journalists was the need to combine professional activity and family life. Most of female employees in the periodicals were married, others were in a civil marriage and had illegitimate children. Some practiced a form of family relationship different from the traditional one.