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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2019 year, number


A.A. Burmatov1,2
1Kuibyshev Branch of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 7, Molodezchnaya str., city of Kuibyshev, Novosibirsk region, 632387, Russian Federation
2Institute of History SB RAS, 8, Nikolaeva str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Keywords: Алтайский край, Кемеровская область, Новосибирская область, Омская область, Томская область, Западная Сибирь, ожидаемая продолжительность жизни, смертность, младенческая смертность, Altai Territory, Kemerovo Region, Novosibirsk Region, Omsk Region, Tomsk Region, Western Siberia, life expectancy, mortality, infant mortality


The article deals with the population of Western Siberia in 1964-1970. During this period, the decline in mortality has stopped, and the reverse process of increasing mortality and reducing life expectancy begаn. The purpose of the article is to identify the causes of these demographic phenomena. The study is based on the statistical data obtained from the official territorial bodies of the state statistics of the regions included in the region of Western Siberia at the moment of the all-Union census of population in 1959 at the request of the author. The value of the answers lies in the uniformity and continuity of the demographic series, both absolute data and indicators of natural movement, on the basis of which the author’s calculations were made. In 1964-1970 in the USSR, the age-specific mortality rates started growing, especially among men. This process mainly affected the working-age population and persons in retirement age. To some extent, the growth reflected improvement of the statistical system, but it was associated with a real reduction in life expectancy. In West Siberia, the mortality rate was higher than all-Union and all-Russian indicators. To a large extent, this was determined by two groups of death causes - tumors, which became more common at a younger age, and external causes (accidents, poisoning, injuries, etc.) which claimed the lives of young and healthy people. The positive dynamics was only in childhood, especially infants, throughout the studied period of 1964-1970. However, there were already negative trends, which later lad to increasing the mortality rates in these age groups.