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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2019 year, number 4

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CIVIL AND DEPARTMENTAL MILITARY AUTHORITIES IN KUZNETSK UYEZD AT THE EARLY STAGE OF ADMINISTRATIVE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE MID XVIII CENTURY

D.S. Bobrov
Altai State University, 61, Lenin str., Barnaul, 656049, Russian Federation
Keywords: система управления, воеводы, приказчики острогов и слобод, регулярные войска, Новоучрежденный драгунский полк, Кузнецкий уезд, Верхнее Приобье, Бийская крепость, management system, voivodes, prikazchiks in ostrog (fortresses) and slobodas (rural settlements), regular army, Newly formed dragoon regiment, Kuznetsk Uyezd, Upper Priobie, Biysk Fortress

Abstract

The article deals with the historical and genetic analysis of the relationship between local civil and departmental military authorities deployed in Kuznetsk Uyezd in the late 1730s - early 1740s within frameworks of the regional colonization, administrative and political processes. The research is based mainly on documents of records management from the fonds of the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts. Most of these documents have not been previously introduced into scientific circulation. Soon after the Newly formed dragoon regiment’s creation in Siberia, three companies of the formation were officially redeployed - to Kuznetsk, but in fact they were situated in the Biysk Fortress area; their commanders holding the ranks of Mayor and Captain interacted with the civil administration system represented by voivodes and prikazchiks. Initially the most urgent problem was the provision of garrison , which was not solved by the uyezd authorities and shifted onto ostrog chiefs, and, as a result, on local peasants, that caused protests among the poll-tax paying population. When V. Sokolov, the Kuznetsk companies’ commander, was redeployed to Kolyvan-Voskresensk plants region, the lieutenants remaning at the outposts in ostrogs and slobodas began to appeal not to their immediate military commanders but to the Kuznetsk voivode office to make important decisions. They sought some administrative patronage there despite the fact that the voivode office gave obvious priority to more rudimentary system of prikazchiks. The uyezd authorities controlled the state of troops left in Upper Priobie, purchased hay and even supplied the troops with horses. However, the excessive model of administrative communications did not last long and the next military commander A. Bibikov held a course for centralization and started to make numerous demands of the uyezd center. The main point of controversy was salt. The personality factor was key one in building relationships between the civil and military authorities under conditions of legislative mis-regulation in Kuznetsk Uyezd in the late 1730s - mid 1740s.