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Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics

2019 year, number 4

Similarity Laws in Laser Cladding of Cermet Coatings

A. A. Golyshev1,2, A. M. Orishich1,2, A. A. Filippov1
1Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
2Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Keywords: аддитивные технологии, лазерная наплавка, СО-лазер, карбид вольфрама, никель, микроструктура, микротвердость, безразмерные параметры, additive technologies, laser cladding, CO2 laser, tungsten carbide, nickel, microstructure, microhardness, dimensionless parameters


The influence of the laser beam parameters (power, motion velocity, and focus position) on the characteristics of the track being formed (size, elemental composition, and microhardness) is studied. If the difference in the laser radiation absorption coefficients in the heat conduction and “knife-like” regimes is taken into account, then the track sizes can be determined by a unified dependence on the energy parameter. The effect of the laser beam on the chemical composition and microhardness of cermet (WC-NiCrBSi) tracks is studied. Regardless of the track formation regime, these parameters are determined by the dimensionless parameter, which describes the degree of dilution of chemical substances. It is found that a track with the maximum mass fraction of tungsten and the greatest value of microhardness is formed at small values of the dimensionless parameter, which corresponds to the heat conduction regime. The microhardness of the deposited cermet structure is observed to be 4-5 times higher than the microhardness of the substrate material.