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Scientific journal “Vestnik NSUEM”

2019 year, number 2

1.
PROBLEM ASPECTS OF THE APPLICATION OF FOREST AND WATER LEGISLATION IN RUSSIA

O.P. Burmatova
Institute of the Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: экологическое право, Водный кодекс, Лесной кодекс, использование и охрана лесных и водных ресурсов, охрана лесов от пожаров, управление лесами, водоохранная зона, управление водными объектами, environmental law, Water Code, Forest Code, use and protection of forest and water resources, protection of forests from fires, forest management, water protection zone, management of water objects

Abstract >>
The article describes the current environmental legislation in Russia, the effectiveness of which is generally evaluated as low. The author of the article sees the main reason for such a situation in the absence of a federal specialized executive body in the environmental sphere, which would be directly interested in the development of environmental law. It is emphasized that the current increase in the number of environmental laws, as a rule, does not entail an improvement in environmental affairs. This is largely due to the insufficient elaboration of the mechanism for the implementation of various legal norms reflecting issues of compliance, use, application and punishment for violations in the environmental sphere, as well as due to the lack of effective levers that would encourage enterprises to introduce environmental protection measures. This, in particular, convincingly confirms the current situation in the field of forestry and water management, by the example of which the main problematic aspects of the application of forest and water legislation are analyzed. It is shown that the adoption of editions of the Water (2006) and Forest (2007) codes not only did not improve the situation in the field of water and forest management, but also greatly aggravated the existing and gave rise to new problems. The consequences of serious gaps in forest and water law are disclosed and measures are proposed for the development of environmental legislation in force in Russia.
																								



2.
QUANTITATIVE CONTENT-ANALYSIS OF THE OFFICIAL PUBLIC PROCUREMENT RULES IN RUSSIA: THE ELECTRONIIZATION ASPECT

V.V. Melnikov1,2
1Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: государственные закупки, контрактная система, контент-анализ, информация, электронизация, public procurement, contract system, content-analysis, information, electronic procurement

Abstract >>
Institutional changes within the public procurement system in the Russian Federation are based on establishing economic conditions that reduce informational asymmetry and transaction costs of exchanges. The paper presents a quantitative analysis of the basic regulatory documents that have determined the conducts rules for government customers and suppliers in public and municipal procurement in 2001-2018 with the emphasis on electronization of procurement technologies. A frequency histogram of common lexical codes in the sequence of basic regulatory documents is compiled. The author arrives to conclusions about the attitude of legislators to securing the quality of procured products, the anticorruption aspect of the law and electronization of this sector of the economy. Qualitative characteristics of significant correlation ratios between lexical codes help evaluate the informational basis embedded in the regulatory documentation.
																								



3.
REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AS A TOOL OF NATURE-USE MANAGEMENT IN CONDITIONS OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION

A.V. Mikhailenko, D.A. Ruban
Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation
Keywords: инновационная деятельность, проектные решения, Ростовская область, ртутное загрязнение, экологическая экономика, innovation activity, project solution, Rostov Region, mercury pollution, ecological economics

Abstract >>
Besides direct financial benefits, innovation activity offers wide spectrum of opportunities for solution of given societal problems, including those linked to anthropogenic influence on the environment. It is argued conceptually that a regional innovation system is able to act as instrument of efficient nature-use management in conditions of heavy metal pollution via formation of infrastructure for achievement of complex project solutions. Consideration of the example of mercury pollution in lower Don River in the Rostov Region shows that the initial phase of formation of the regional innovation systems and unsustainability of its development limit the utility of such an instrument, especially in regard to the multiple and heterogeneous sources of pollution.
																								



4.
SOURCES OF GROWTH AND TERRITORIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES IN RUSSIA

V.V. Spitsin1,2
1National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
2Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, Tomsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: высокотехнологичные отрасли промышленности, высокотехнологичные знаниеемкие отрасли сферы услуг, источники роста, Россия, генерация нового бизнеса, технологическое развитие, high-tech manufacturing industries, high-tech knowledge-intensive service industries, sources of growth, Russia, new business generation, technological development

Abstract >>
This article explores the high-tech industries of manufacturing and services in Russia. We identify their sources of growth during the crisis period and features of territorial distribution. Sources of growth are different for different industries. The generation of new enterprises had the greatest impact on the growth of revenues of service industries related to the development of software and information technologies. The leading source of growth in manufacturing industries was the development of existing enterprises, which showed revenue growth significantly higher than the rate of inflation. We also found significant differences in the geographical location of high-tech industries in Russia.
																								



5.
ABOUT OUTSTANDING ISSUES OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN RUSSIA

O.V. Tarasova1,2
1Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering Siberian Branch of the RAS, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: государственно-частное партнерство, инвестиционный проект, региональное развитие, согласование интересов, игровой подход, public-private partnership, investment project, regional development, coordination of interests, game approach

Abstract >>
The aim of this article is systematization of the constraints impeding the intensification of the use of PPP as a mechanism of socio-economic development of Russian regions. Issues of interpretation and definition of PPP, questions of methodical and personnel support of the process of investment projects promotion to implementation on the principles of PPP, a number of organizational and legal aspects were raised. It is proposed to use a game approach to operationalize the process of potential participants of PPP agreements strategies coordination.
																								



6.
FACTOR ANALYSIS OF SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT DISEASES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

T.S. Makusheva, E.N. Galushina, M.S. Apanovich
Prof. V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: факторный анализ, социально значимые заболевания, R, классификация, метод главных компонент, factor analysis, socially significant diseases, classification, principal component analysis

Abstract >>
This paper performs factor analysis of socially significant diseases in the regions of Russia in 2017. According to the first selected factor, the regions were divided into two groups, which are characterized by a high incidence: diseases with infectious etiology (I), diseases with genetic etiology (II). The second factor is the overall incidence rate, which allows to divide subjects into groups with a low overall incidence rate on average and high. When classifying Russian regions by two factors, 4 groups were identified.
																								



7.
STATISTICAL ASSESSMENT OF STRATIFICATION OF THE POPULATION OF NOVOSIBIRSK REGION BY MONEY INCOME LEVEL

L.P. Yaroslavtseva
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: доход, величина прожиточного минимума, стратификация, дифференциация, структурирование населения

Abstract >>
The article proves the necessity and considers the approaches to the assessment of stratification of the population of Novosibirsk region by money income level. The population structuring is assessed by one characteristic - income level, which defines inequality of the groups in vertical hierarchy. The paper considers two approaches to carrying out grouping into typical groups: an absolute approach (grouping against living wage) and recognition of typical groups with the use of variation indicators. The structuring was carried out and the system of statistical indicators for assessment of the population differentiation was offered and tested.
																								



8.
METHODICAL BASES AND MODEL OF THE ASSESSMENT OF FOOD PROVISION OF THE REGION

E.N. Antamoshkina
Volgograd State Agrarian University, Volgograd, Russian Federation
Keywords: продовольственное обеспечение, продовольственные рынки, матрица продовольственной обеспеченности, индекс продовольственной обеспеченности, экономико-математические методы, моделирование, регион, food provision, food markets, food provision matrix, food provision index, economic and mathematical methods, modeling, region

Abstract >>
The article proposes a model for assessing the food provision of regions. As a methodological toolkit for analysis, an integral indicator has been developed, a food provision index that takes into account groups of indicators in the sphere of production, distribution and consumption of food products. In order to analyze the differentiation of regions in food provision, a food provision matrix is used, which allows ranking regions by level of food products availability. Approbation of the proposed methodological tools is being carried out on the example of the regions of the Southern Federal District (SFD). The results obtained are of practical importance in the implementation of monitoring and evaluation of the state of food provision in the regions.
																								



9.
MODELING OF THE INTERNAL MIGRATION PROCESS IN THE REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

A.S. Rumyantsev
State University of Economics and Managemen, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: внутренняя миграция, миграционные потоки, экономико-математическое моделирование, факторы миграции, internal migration, migration flows, economic and mathematical modeling, migration factors

Abstract >>
The purpose of this study is to develop a model of internal migration based on push and pull factors in Russia and, based on the analysis, to draw conclusions about the main problems of interregional mobility and create the necessary regulation. The proposed measures aimed at regulating migration flows and ensuring rational distribution of the population will contribute to the effective functioning of the economy, smooth out regional contradictions, and eliminate internal socio-economic tensions.
																								



10.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEM OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE AREA OF SECONDARY SPECIAL EDUCATION

A.M. Vyzhitovich
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: среднее специальное образование, субсидия, система внутреннего контроля, контроль, государственное задание, риск, secondary special education, subsidy, the system of internal control, control, state job, risk

Abstract >>
Improving the effectiveness of internal control in educational institutions in the use of grants is one of the main objectives of State fiscal policy. Regarding post-secondary institutions a comprehensive study of theoretical and practical problems of organization of the system of internal control is presented is insufficient given modern characteristics of their activities, there is the need for improving internal control methodology of institutions of secondary vocational education. The article deals with the internal control system of one of the educational institutions in the Novosibirsk region, preparing personnel for the agricultural sector. Studied theoretical framework of internal control, monitoring features identified from a position of financing activities through subsidies, clarified some issues on the functioning of the internal controls, reviewed proposals for the development of the existing system of internal control.
																								



11.
ACCOUNTING OUTSOURCING : THEORETICAL BASES AND METHO DOLOGICAL PROVISION

L.I. Grigoreva
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: аутсорсинг, бухгалтерский аутсорсинг, методология аутсорсинга, моделирование, outsourcing, accounting outsourcing, outsourcing methodology, modeling

Abstract >>
The article presents the main components of the methodology and outsourcing model, which the adapted to the peculiarities of outsourcing accounting. There are the author’s method of analysis of the accounting department and the possibility of transition to outsourcing. The results of the researches were approbated using business process modeling. It allowed to make changes in accounting processes of the company, to form the adjusted reporting and to estimate result of transition to outsourcing without affecting and changing the real process of work of the company.
																								



12.
DIRECTIONS OF MODERNIZATION OF SYSTEMS OF TAX ADMINISTRATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

A.M. Solekhzoda
Russian-Tajik University, Dushanbe, Republic of Tajikistan
Keywords: налоговая система, модернизация, налоговое администрирование, современные информационные технологии, взаимодействие налоговых органов и налогоплательщиков, tax system, modernization, tax administration, modern information technologies, interaction of tax authorities and taxpayers

Abstract >>
The article reveals the most important areas of modernization of tax administration, discusses the role of modern information technologies, allowing to automate the entire process of tax administration. Taxes, as the main source of budget replenishment, are the most important factor in the formation of the financial base necessary to fulfill the tasks of the state. In this regard, the effectiveness of the modernization of the economy is directly related to science-based tax management.
																								



13.
TRENDS OF POTENTIAL REGIONAL CONSUMER MARKET DEVELOPMENT

T.G. Khramtsova1, O.O. Khramtsova2
1Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: потребительский рынок, потенциал потребительского рынка, розничная торговля, производительность труда в торговле, обеспеченность населения объектами розничной торговли, эффективность использования торговой площади, динамика оборота розничной торговли, оборот розничной торговли на душу населения, consumer market, consumer market potential, retail trade, labor productivity in trade, provision of retail goods to the population, efficiency of use of the trade area, dynamics of retail trade turnover, retail trade turnover per capita

Abstract >>
The article considers some methodological issues of researching the potential of the regional consumer market, analyzes the indicators characterizing the availability and use of labor potential, infrastructure elements, commodity stocks in Novosibirsk region. Index multiplicative models of the studied indicators allowed us to obtain a quantitative assessment of the influence of factors on the consumer market potential. The development of retail trade turnover is regarded as a social and economic effect of the consumer market functioning. The author came to the conclusion that there is a lack of effective use of the regional consumer market potential and there are problems in the retail regulation system.
																								



14.
ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF HARMONY (DISHARMONY) OF INTERESTS WITH KEY STAKEHOLDERS ON THE MAIN INDICATORS OF THE FUNCTIONING OF THE ENTERPRISE

M.P. Kalinichenko
Donetsk National University, Donetsk, Russia
Keywords: гармония интересов, группы заинтересованных сторон, маркетинг менеджмент, предприятие, энтропия, harmony of interests, stakeholder groups, marketing management, enterprise entropy

Abstract >>
A distinctive feature of the practice of market-oriented management (marketing management) and management of the sustainable development of modern enterprises is a significant lag behind basic scientific research. The level of harmony of interests between the subject of marketing management (the top management of P.J.S.C. «TAGMET») and its key stakeholders has been established. An integrated assessment of the sustainable development of a metallurgical enterprise was carried out on the basis of an improved methodology. The high closeness of the relationship between the level of harmony of interests of the subject of marketing management and its stakeholders, on the one hand, and the actual level of sustainability of P.J.S.C. «TAGMET», on the other, is established.
																								



15.
PROBLEMS OF SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE ALTAI KRAI

R.N. Ibragimov
Altai State University, Barnaul, Russian Federation
Keywords: сельское хозяйство, промышленность, прогнозирование, темп роста, конкурентоспособность, направления устойчивого развития, agriculture, industry, forecasting, growth rate, competitiveness, directions of sustainable development

Abstract >>
The article considers the main issues of sustainable development of the economy of Altai Territory. Economic situation and dynamics of development of the economy predetermine sustainable development of the region. Agricultural and industrial sectors of economy continue to be relevant, that is why growth rates and their role in economy of the region were presented. The main directions for ensuring sustainable development of economy of the region were offered on the basis of statistical analysis. Produced results of the scientific research will facilitate long-term sustainable development of economy of the region.
																								



16.
IMPACT OF MIGRATION ON THE ECONOMY OF NIGERIA: RECENT TRENDS

O.A. Adedokun, I.V. Karzanova
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
Keywords: внутренняя миграция, международная миграция, денежные переводы мигрантов, бедность, экономическое развитие, Нигерия, internal migration, international migration, migrant remittances, poverty, economic development, Nigeria

Abstract >>
This paper examines the impact of internal and international migration on the economy of Nigeria. In Nigeria the unemployment rate is very high, and migration can partially alleviate situation on the labor market. Migrants’ remittances which has surpassed both Foreign Direct Investment and Net Official Development Assistance inflows and is one of the major inflows of foreign earnings to Nigeria, help reducing poverty of households and have a positive impact on the economy. If political and socioeconomic issues in the country do not improve, Nigerians will continue to migrate to other countries. The Nigerian government should urgently address the situation with migration, contribute to job creation and improve environment to stop people from migrating and encourage its skilled labor abroad to return home to help in national development.
																								



17.
EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF CREATION OF AUTOMATED INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR COMPONENT MANAGEMENT OF ACADEMIC AND METHODOLOGICAL COMPLEX OF DISCIPLINE

E.A. Kolobova, I.V. Chigireva, N.A. Shigina
Penza State Technical University, Penza, Russian Federation
Keywords: автоматизированная информационная система, программное обеспечение, экспериментальное исследование, разработка и сопровождение учебно-методической документации, единый источник, единая база справочных данных, DITA, AuthorIT, automated information system, software, experimental research, educational documentation development and support, a single source, a single database of reference data, DITA, AuthorIT

Abstract >>
The paper presents the results of experimental studies in the field of automated information system creation. These results show possible problem solutions of automation of educational documentation development and support. Software realization options of automated information system are considered as adjusting the existing specialized software designed for processing text documents. Besides, in practice the approach to the automated process of compiling an interrelated documents set on the basis of a single reference database using AuthorIT.
																								



18.
DIGITIZATION OF OPEN-PIT COAL MINING ON THE BASIS OF THE STRUCTURAL SHIFT OF TECHNOLOGICAL MODE

B.G. Shelegeda1, M.N. Kornev1, N.V. Pogorzhelskaya1, S.A. Russijan2, V.L. Neklyudova3
1Donetsk Academy of Management and Public Service, Donetsk, Russia
2Donetsk National Technical University, Donetsk, Russia
3Siberian State University of Geosystems and Technologies, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: цифровизация, открытый способ добычи угля, роботизация, технологический уклад, характеристики обычного и В«умногоВ» карьера, экономико-математические методы, digitization, open-pit coal mining, robot automation, technological mode, characteristics of common and В«smartВ» pit, economic and mathematical methods

Abstract >>
The article considers topical theoretical issues of the methodological justification for transition to a new level of the technological mode with the use of digitization tools via robot automation of production processes. The statistical data dynamics was presented to prove the importance and perspective of resource development in Russia as well as the possibility of energy export to other countries. The use of robots in the technological process of open-pit coal mining is proved by mathematical method of the fuzzy sets theory and indicators of the transformation structural changes.
																								



19.
UNOCCUPIED POPULATION AND SELF-EMPLOYMENT IN PERSONAL SUBSIDIARY ECONOMY: PLANS AND REALITY

N.M. Volovskaya, L.K. Plyusnina, A.V. Inozemtseva
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: активная политика занятости, самозанятость, незанятое население, безработица, личное подсобное хозяйство, мотивы, active policy of employment, self-employment, unemployed population, unemployment, personal subsidiary economy, motives

Abstract >>
The article studies the development of self-employment in personal subsidiary economy in Novosibirsk region. The development of self-employment is related to solution of the problems of rural population employment and unemployment reduction. Self-employment offers rural people an opportunity to find worthy occupation to realize their knowledge and skills, it also facilitates their adaptation in difficult situation in life and material security, while helping the state to stand against unemployment. The research is based on the results of the surveys of unemployed and self-employed people in personal subsidiary economy. Survey and questioning formed the method of the research. The goal of the article is carrying out comparative analysis of the opinions of unemployed and selfemployed people in personal subsidiary economy regarding various aspects, identification of problems and positive results of the transition to self-employment, as well as necessary help and support on the part of the state authorities. The plans of unemployed people regarding motives, spheres of activities, forms of organization, help and support were compared against the opinion of self-employed people in personal subsidiary economy. The conclusion was drawn that self-employment in personal subsidiary economy is an essential outlook of active policy of rural population employment and it is of high social importance. Further development of this outlook of active policy of rural population employment is needed since it facilitates increment in activity, self-esteem raising, improvement of living conditions of unemployed people, and in general it contributes to their return to society and social unrest reduction.
																								



20.
SOCIAL AND SOCIOCULTURAL ADAPTATION: DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS AND THEIR HIERARCHIC INTERRELATION

T.V. Scheklachyeva
Siberian State University of Telecommunications and Informatics, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: адаптация, виды адаптации, понятийный аппарат, понятие В«социокультурногоВ», понятие социальной адаптации, понятие социокультурной адаптации, adaptation, types of adaptation, conceptual framework, concept of В«socioculturalВ», concept of social adaptation, concept of sociocultural adaptation

Abstract >>
The article considers the issues of the conceptual framework related to the «adaptation » concept and its derived concepts («social adaptation» and «sociocultural adaptation»). The attempt was made to explain the reasons of occurrence of polysemantics ofeach term in retrospect. The article underlines the need for clear distinction between both terms from one another and from other terms which are used mostly in ethno-sociological studies. A certain set of conditions is registered to form valid conceptual framework, representing hierarchic interrelations between the concepts. The idea of «concept matrix» is offered.
																								



21.
ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE PURPOSE OF REDUCTION OF TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS COSTS

E.B. Lerman1,2, S.A. Teslova3
1Siberian State University of Communications, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk Technological Institute, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
3Siberian State Automobile and Highway University, Omsk, Russian Federation
Keywords: информационные технологии, система WMS, склад, транспорт, транспортно-логистические затраты, оплата труда, information technology, WMS system, warehouse, transport, transport and logistics costs, labor remuneration

Abstract >>
The article presents a statistical analysis of economic indicators at the regional and national level, and their relationship is identified and justified. The role and degree of participation of the transport and logistics component in the process of production and sales of products has been determined. The structure of warehouse costs is studied, the interrelation of transport, material and information flows is revealed. An algorithm for the implementation and use of the WMS system (Warehouse Management System) has been developed. A correction scheme has been compiled and calculations are presented that allow to evaluate the complex results from the use of the WMS functional in optimizing the motivation and payroll system for the warehouse terminal employees.