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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2019 year, number 1

В«ESTABLISH STRICT CONTROL OVER THE SAFETY OF SOCIALIST PROPERTY»: CAMPAIGN AGAINST THEFT IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 1940-s

M. A. Klimova, A.V. Trofimov
Ural State University of Economics, 107, 62/45 8 Marta/Narodnoy voli St., Ekaterinburg, 620144, Russian Federation
Keywords: хищения социалистической собственности, 1940-е гг, политическая кампания, социальная дифференциация, мобилизационная модель экономики, socialist property's embezzlements, 1940s, political campaign, social differentiation, mobilization economic model

Abstract

The study objective is to identify political, legal and socio-economic components of the post-war campaign aimed by the state at combating embezzlements of socialist property, as well as to assess the specifics of its implementation in the context of the mobilization economic model. The post-war period was marked by the growing number of thefts of socialist property, which were fixed in different social strata and professional groups of the Soviet society differing in the volume of the stolen and motivation of the committed act. The analysis of the social specificity of the campaign against embezzlements of the socialist property allows us to conclude on the inequality of sanctions against the Soviet society’s different groups. The campaign was aimed against the country’s ordinary people and led to strengthening control and introducing criminal sanctions against citizens. The task of eradicating thefts in the higher echelons of power was not set in the post-war years (although bodies focused on this task were created). The activities of the Ministry of State Control of the USSR to identify thefts in the ranks of the Soviet party and economic elite had a purpose to scare the nomenclature who wanted to live for their own pleasure after the war. The campaign’s intensity decreased in 1948, which manifested in lower number of people convicted for thefts and reducing the powers of organizations that controlled the financial and economic activities of ministries and departments. Taking into account the campaign socio-political specifics, it should be considered as a tool of mobilization economic model aimed at the post-war reconstruction of the Soviet national economy ravaged by the war.