Publishing House SB RAS:

Publishing House SB RAS:

Address of the Publishing House SB RAS:
Morskoy pr. 2, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia

Advanced Search

Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

2019 year, number 2

Simulation of self-focusing of femtosecond laser pulses in air by the method of diffraction beams and light tubes

Yu.E. Geints, A.A. Zemlyanov, O.V. Minina
V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science, 1, Academician Zuev square, Tomsk, 634021, Russia
Keywords: фемтосекундные лазерные импульсы, самофокусировка, филаментация, дифракционно-лучевая трубка, энергетически пополняющая трубка, постфиламентационный световой канал, femtosecond laser pulses, self-focusing, filamentation, diffraction-beam tube, energy-replenishing tube, post-filamentation light channel


The results of a theoretical investigation of the propagation of femtosecond pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser in air during the self-focusing and filamentation are presented. The analysis of self-focusing of laser pulses was carried out on the basis of the method of diffraction beams and light tubes, which made it possible to establish that specific light structures are formed in the laser beam during self-focusing. One of such structures is the energy-replenishing diffraction-beam tube, which provides necessary energy for filamentation, and at the stage of post-filamentation pulse propagation exists in the form of a separate intense light channel. The dependences of the radius and power of the energy-replenishing tube on the initial beam radius and the peak power for a fixed pulse duration are established. It was revealed that the energy consumption of radiation per filamentation decreases with an increase in the beam radius and a decrease in its initial power. The peak power contained in the energy-replenishing light tube at the post-filamentation propagation stage of laser pulses does not exceed the critical self-focusing power for the Gaussian beam and weakly depends on the initial parameters of the pulse.