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"Philosophy of Education"

2018 year, number 4


N. M. Garipova
V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, 298635, Russia, Yalta, st. Xaltyrina, 14
Keywords: гуманизация образования, конвергенционные процессы в образовании, взаимопроникновение научной и художественной форм познания мира в учебном процессе, В«компетентностныйВ» и В«личностно-смысловойВ» подходы к образованию, полифункциональность музыки в образовательном процессе, humanization of education, convergence processes in education, the interpenetration of scientific and artistic forms of knowledge of the world, В«competence-basedВ» and “personal-meaning” approaches to education, polyfunctionality of music in the educational process


Introduction. At present, the inability of modern education to solve the problems associated with the improvement of the spiritual and moral world of the individual is becoming increasingly clear. It is clear that the low spiritual level of people generates negative phenomena of society. In addition, modern education in a number of positions is in conflict with the human essence. The purpose of the paper is to uncover the unclaimed potential of music in the modern educational process. This is possible if the mechanisms of music impact on people will be revealed. Understanding the mechanisms of influence of music on the person will contribute to the effective construction of training in gaining valuable experience for humanity, which, thanks to music, will be mastered as a personal meaning. Traditionally, the ability of music to positively influence the spiritual and moral sphere of the personality is in the focus of attention of many teachers-musicians. It is also noted by musicologists and musicians-philosophers. However, most authors only state this ability without explaining its mechanisms. They often focus on only one of these aspects. This does not allow to fully see the place of music in the educational process and to fully use its potential for human perfection. Methodology and methods of the research. We see the solution of the problems of human perfection and modern education relying on the concept of moral philosophy of M. M. Bakhtin, on the theory of personal meaning of D. A. Leont'ev, on the unified theory of mental processes of L. M. Vekker. Appealing to such concepts and phenomena as the forms of mastering reality and personal meaning determined the choice of research methods, among which were the content analysis and generalization of scientific literature, as well as the dialectical and hypothetical methods of cognition. The results of the study. The paper reveals the unused potential of music in the modern educational process and indicates that the «competence approach» to education at the present stage of society development is flawed in the civilizational plan. At the same time, the paper proves that music is something more than an academic discipline, and the mechanisms of its «over didactic» functions are revealing. The way the author suggests using music allows us to talk about convergent processes in education. Convergence processes, according to the author, can be realized not only on the basis of interpenetration of knowledge, but also on the basis of interpenetration of various forms of knowledge of the world - scientific and artistic («knowledge» and «personal-meaning»). The paper shows that music in the educational process is capable of performing many functions. Conclusion. All the functions of music exhibited above and the ways of using it in the educational process are as yet unused potential, the realization of which will undoubtedly contribute to the cultivation of best properties in man.