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"Philosophy of Education"

2018 year, number 4


G. S. Solodova
Institute of Philosophy and Law of the RAS, 630090, Russia, Novosibirsk, st. Nikolaeva, 8
Keywords: образование, религиозное просвещение, ислам, предпосылки распространения образования в Туркестане, education and religious enlightenment, Ministry of Spiritual Affairs and National Education, Islam, prerequisites for the spread of education in Turkestan


Introduction. Territorial convergence, the entry of different peoples and tribes into one state necessarily sets the task of reducing cultural and spiritual disunity. One of the conditions for economic, political and cultural integration, the community of the country is language and culture. Among the most effective institutions for building public solidarity and civic identity is the education system. Hence, the purpose of this article is to examine the historical connection between religious and educational activities; identifying factors that contributed to the spread of public education in Turkestan before joining Russia. Methodology and methods of the research. In the methodological basis of this research is the sociocultural approach. The main method was a historical analysis. The object of research is the religious and spiritual component in the history of educational activity. The social problem of the growth of intercultural contacts actualizes the task of fostering mutual respect, the formation of a common civil identity. One of the main functions of the institution of education, as an instrument of social consolidation, is developing a strategy to prevent and reduce intercultural contradictions. The results of the study. In the paper, a brief excursion into the history of the pedagogical profession is made, its relationship with the spiritual sphere is shown. Particular attention is paid to the situation in the field of public education in Turkestan in the pre-revolutionary period. Conclusion. Based on the historical review and analysis of prerevolutionary and Soviet sources, the author singled out and formulated the basic prerequisites that contributed to the development of public education in Turkestan.