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"Philosophy of Education"

2018 year, number 4


D. V. Ushakov
Institute of Philosophy and Law of the SB of RAS, 630090, Russia, Novosibirsk, st. Nikolaeva, 8
Keywords: Монголия, Россия, начальное, общее, профессиональное образование, образовательное сотрудничество, западные стандарты, Mongolia, Russia, primary, general, vocational education, educational cooperation, Western standards


Introduction. Over the past thirty years, not only the system of education in Russia has had to undergo drastic changes, but also the education systems of other countries. In Mongolia, many innovations in the field of education were designed to improve its quality and improve the skills of graduates, however, as in Russia, sometimes they led to the opposite consequences. The paper analyzes the main trends in the development of the Mongolian education system in order to find the most appropriate ways of cooperation between Russia and Mongolia. Methodology and methods of the research. The methodological basis of the study is a system-genetic approach, which allows considering the education system as a multilevel, internally structured integral phenomenon, developing both in internal relationships and in connection with the external environment. The analysis of statistical data and documents, observation, analytical method, the principle of logical and historical unity were used as a research methodology. The result of the study. Both the Russian and Mongolian education systems endure somewhat similar transformations due to the influence of neoliberal ideas, building a system of anglo-saxon type, pressure from foreign political organizations and the need for compliance with new technological paradigms. Among the problems noted are the strengthening of commercialization, when education becomes a service sector, with the subsequent erosion of nationally important goals and priorities; the complication of bureaucratization, reducing opportunities for quality education available to the bulk of the population; reducing the overall funding and prestige of teaching job. Conclusion. Development of mutually beneficial economic, cultural and political cooperation is possible only with informal cooperation in the field of education and training of required personnel, both in Mongolia and in Russia.