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"Philosophy of Education"

2018 year, number 4


R. A. Guscha1, L. N. Berezhnova2
1Novosibirsk military Institute named after General of the army Yakovlev of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation, 630114, Russia, Novosibirsk, st. Kluth-Kamisenskoe plato, 6-4
2St. Petersburg Military Institute of the National Guard of the Russian Federation, 198206, Russia, Rankt-Pitersberg, st. Pilytova, 1
Keywords: оптимальность, комфортность, рациональность, эффективность, результативность, optimality, comfort, rationality, efficiency, effectiveness


Introduction. A topical problem of the domestic pedagogical science and practice at the present stage is the search for learning criteria in modern conditions. Analytical acquaintance with the theory of optimization allows us to note its focus on taking into account the actual reality, the functioning of the entire educational process, that is, on possible objective changes in education. This encourages researchers to look for ways to further improve the learning process, taking into account modern reality. The purpose of the paper is to show that optimality can be considered as the basis for the organization of school education. Methodology and methods of the research. The following philosophical and scientific methodology was used: dialectical and systemic approaches, applied scientific and pedagogical methods for analyzing curricula and methods of vocational training, comparing the content of social, humanitarian and vocational training in the system of legal education; methods of didactic relations of participants in the educational process to identify the most effective ways to improve the quality of training in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. The results of the study. The paper presents the characteristics of the optimality criteria: comfort, rationality, efficiency, effectiveness. One of the most significant indicators of optimality is comfort in learning - the creation of conditions for a sense of inner balance, security, confidence in one's abilities, self-esteem, etc. At the same time, the feeling of the teacher’s comfort is related to his/her spiritual emancipation. Such a person arouses the interest of others, forms a positive experience of relationships in the educational process. In conclusion, the authors conclude that the optimal construction of the educational process from the standpoint of the proposed criteria may be useful in solving the problem of introducing new information technologies.